a PSC In The News reference, 2013
"U-M Analysis: Fewer Have Retirement Funds, More Raid Them" - CBS - Detroit. 02/06/2013.
Frank Stafford and Thomas Bridges found that over the past decade a smaller percent of Americans initiated retirement accounts and more were dipping into them prior to retiring. Although defined benefit plans restrict pre-retirement withdrawls, other types of now-common options do not. Stafford says: ““If you leave people to their own devices, it’s tempting for them to use this money before they retire... So allowing pre-retirement access to these funds is a problem.” Full paper.