Scholars in Health Policy Research Program (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation)
Research Associate Professor, Population Studies Center.
Associate Professor, Economics.
Ph.D., Vanderbilt University
Dr. Bailey’s research focuses on issues in labor economics, demography and health in the United States, within the longer-run perspective of economic history. Her research has examined the implications of the diffusion of modern contraception for women’s childbearing, career decisions, and the convergence in the gender gap. Her most recent projects focus on evaluating the shorter and longer-term effects of Great Society programs, including a recently published book (co-edited with Sheldon Danziger) on the legacies of the War on Poverty. Bailey is an NBER Faculty Research Fellow and in 2007 was an RWJ Health Policy Research Scholar.
Bailey, Martha J., and Andrew Goodman-Bacon. 2015. "The War on Poverty's Experiment in Public Medicine: Community Health Centers and the Mortality of Older Americans." American Economic Review, 105(3): 1067-1104. NIHMSID: NIHMS669552. DOI. Abstract.
Bailey, Martha J., and Nicolas J. Duquette. 2014. "How Johnson Fought the War on Poverty: The Economics and Politics of Funding at the Office of Economic Opportunity." The Journal of Economic History, 74(2): 351-388. PMCID: PMC4266933. DOI. Abstract.
Bailey, Martha J., Olga Malkova, and Johannes Norling. 2014. "Do Family Planning Programs Decrease Poverty? Evidence from Public Census Data." CESifo Economic Studies, 60(2): 312-337. PMCID: PMC4206087. DOI. Abstract.
Bailey, Martha J. 2013. "Fifty years of family planning: New evidence on the long-run effects of increasing access to contraception." Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, : 341-395. PMCID: PMC4203450. DOI. Abstract.
Bailey, Martha J., Melanie Guldi, and Brad Hershbein. 2013. "Further Evidence on the Internal Validity of the Early Legal Access Research Design." Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 32(4): 899-904. PMCID: PMC4075275. DOI.
Bailey, Martha J., Melanie Guldi, and Brad Hershbein. 2013. "Recent Evidence on the Broad Benefits of Reproductive Health Policy." Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 32(4): 888-896. PMCID: PMC4075263. DOI. Abstract.
Bailey, Martha J., Brad Hershbein, and A. Miller. 2012. "The Opt-In Revolution? Contraception and the Gender Gap in Wages." American Economic Journal-Applied Economics, 4(3): 225-254. PMCID: PMC3684076. DOI. Abstract.
Bailey, Martha J. 2012. "Reexamining the Impact of Family Planning Programs on US Fertility: Evidence from the War on Poverty and the Early Years of Title X." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 4(2): 62-97. PMCID: PMC3348617. DOI. Abstract.
Bailey, Martha J., and William J. Collins. 2011. "Did Improvements in Household Technology Cause the Baby Boom? Evidence from Electrification, Appliance Diffusion, and the Amish." American Economic Journal-Macroeconomics, 3(2): 189-217. DOI. Abstract.