Growing Numbers of Americans Are Remarrying

Four-in-Ten Couples are Saying “I Do,” Again
By Gretchen Livingston
Source: Pew Research Social & Demographic Trends

In 2013, fully four-in-ten new marriages included at least one partner who had been married before, and two-in-ten new marriages were between people who had both previously stepped down the aisle, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of newly released data from the U.S. Census Bureau.

Complete Report (PDF)

See also:
“The New American Family” in the ISR Sampler and Pam Smock’s interview on Stateside about the changing American Family

The Changing Geography of Immigration

Unauthorized Immigrant Totals Rise in 7 States, Fall in 14
By Jefferey S. Passel and D’Vera Cohn
Source: Pew Research Hispanic Trends Project

The U.S. unauthorized immigrant population has leveled off nationally after the Great Recession, but state trends have been more volatile. From 2009 to 2012, according to new Pew Research Center estimates, the population of unauthorized immigrants rose in seven states and fell in 14.

Complete Report (PDF)

See also:

Expansion of Free Lunch Could Have a Negative Effect on Research Data

By: Ben Wieder
Source: FiveThirtyEight

A new federal initiative that could provide millions of students with a free lunch might have an unexpected cost for researchers and state educational agencies.

“It’s obviously good for kids, but from a pure data perspective it provides some weaknesses,” said Brandon LeBeau, an assistant professor at the University of Iowa’s College of Education who has studied the use of free lunch eligibility in education research.

Read the full story

New NBER Working Papers

Will They Take the Money and Work? An Empirical Analysis of People’s Willingness to Delay Claiming Social Security Benefits for a Lump Sum
by Raimond Maurer, Olivia S. Mitchell, Ralph Rogalla, Tatjana Schimetschek #20614
Abstract; PDF

More on Recent Evidence on the Effects of Minimum Wages in the United States
by David Neumark, J.M. Ian Salas, William Wascher #20619
Abstract; PDF

Estimation of Dynamic Discrete Choice Models by Maximum Likelihood and the Simulated Method of Moments
by Phillipp Eisenhauer, James J. Heckman, Stefano Mosso #20622
Abstract; PDF

Wealth Inequality in the United States since 1913: Evidence from Capitalized Income Tax Data
by Emmanuel Saez, Gabriel Zucman #20625
Abstract; PDF

What Should I Be When I Grow Up? Occupations and Unemployment over the Life Cycle
by Martin Gervais, Nir Jaimovich, Henry E. Siu, Yaniv Yedid-Levi #20628
Abstract; PDF

Affirmative Action and Stereotypes in Higher Education Admissions
by Prasad Krishnamurthy, Aaron Edlin #20629
Abstract; PDF

Family Planning: Program Effects
by Grant Miller, Kimberly Singer Babiarz #20586
Abstract; PDF

The Contribution of Behavior Change and Public Health to Improved U.S. Population Health
by Susan T. Stewart, David M. Cutler #20631
Abstract; PDF

A Schumpeterian Model of Top Income Inequality
by Charles I. Jones, Jihee Kim #20637
Abstract; PDF

Inputs in the Production of Early Childhood Human Capital: Evidence from Head Start
by Christopher Walters #20639
Abstract; PDF

The Demand for Effective Charter Schools
by Christopher R. Walters #20640
Abstract; PDF

The Evolution of Charter School Quality
by Patrick L. Baude, Marcus Casey, Eric A. Hanushek, Steven G. Rivkin #20645
Abstract; PDF

The Long Run Human Capital and Economic Consequences of High-Stakes Examinations
by Victor Lavy, Avraham Ebenstein, Sefi Roth #20647
Abstract; PDF

Do Beliefs Justify Actions or Do Actions Justify Beliefs? An Experiment on Stated Beliefs, Revealed Beliefs, and Social-Image Manipulation
by James Andreoni, Alison Sanchez #20649
Abstract; PDF

The War on Poverty’s Experiment in Public Medicine: Community Health Centers and the Mortality of Older Americans
by Martha J. Bailey, Andrew Goodman-Bacon #20653
Abstract; PDF

Is it all worth it? The experiences of new PhDs on the job market, 2007-2010
by Brooke Helppie McFall, Marta Murray-Close, Robert J. Willis #20654
Abstract; PDF

Political Polarization, Anticipated Health Insurance Uptake and Individual Mandate: A view from the Washington State
by Anirban Basu, Norma B. Coe, David E. Grembowski, Larry Kessler #20655
Abstract; PDF

Validating Teacher Effect Estimates Using Changes in Teacher Assignments in Los Angeles
by Andrew Bacher-Hicks, Thomas J. Kane, Douglas O. Staiger #20657
Abstract; PDF

Gray Matters: Fetal Pollution Exposure and Human Capital Formation
by Prashant Bharadwaj, Joshua Graff Zivin, Matthew Gibson, Christopher A. Neilson #20662
Abstract; PDF

Does Management Matter in Schools
by Nicholas Bloom, Renata Lemos, Raffaella Sadun, John Van Reenen #20667
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of High-Skilled Immigration on Patenting and Employment: Evidence from H-1B Visa Lotteries
by Kirk Doran, Alexander Gelber, Adam Isen #20668
Abstract; PDF

Social Investments, Informal Risk Sharing, and Inequality
by Attila Ambrus, Arun G. Chandrasekhar, Matt Elliott #20669
Abstract; PDF

The Uninsured Under the ACA

By: Jason Millman
Source: WonkBlog (Washington Post)

An additional 10.3 million people gained health insurance in the first year of expanded coverage under the Affordable Care Act, according to an analysis published in the New England Journal of Medicine this summer. We still won’t have the most official count from the U.S. Census Bureau until next fall, but that’s the number the Obama administration is using. And that, according to the Department of Health and Human Services, leaves about 32 million people still lacking coverage heading into this ACA open enrollment period.

Here’s what we know about who’s still uninsured and what’s kept them from getting covered.

Keep reading
NEJM Analysis

Rethinking Parole

By: Jessica Glazer
Source: FiveThirtyEight

Parole conditions vary widely from state to state and case to case. As states attempt to reduce their prison populations, and as the number of parolees grows — now up to more than 851,000 people nationally — advocates are increasingly concerned that parole rules can be too restrictive for the average parolee, making it too easy to end up behind bars again for technical violations. As states contend with the high cost of incarceration and use parole to cut costs, advocates are calling for consistency in how it’s deployed.

Read the full story

When Urban Renewal for Millenials Prices Out the Poor

By: Emily Badger
Source: Wonkblog (Washington Post)

For Chicago, the debate over these buildings captures a larger tension that is simultaneously playing out in parts of Los Angeles and New York and Washington: The new owners and tenants moving in bring higher tax dollars, capital to revive old buildings and momentum to draw even more young professionals. But those benefits have come at a cost. Now Chicago is trying to save what amounts to 6,000 remaining SRO units, a small fraction of what once existed in the city as a housing stock of last resort for the poor.

Full story

A Strong Sense of Purpose Can Extend Life

By: Robert Preidt
Source: U.S. News & World Report (HealthDay News)

FRIDAY, Nov. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) — Another study finds that having a sense of meaning and purpose in your life might do more than just give you focus — it might help you live longer, too.

The study, involving more than 9,000 British people averaging 65 years of age, found that those who professed to feeling worthwhile and having a sense of purpose in life were less likely to die during the more than eight years the researchers tracked them.

Over the study period, 9 percent of people with the highest levels of this type of well-being died, compared with 29 percent of those with the lowest levels, according to the report in the Nov. 7 issue of The Lancet.

The study comes on the heels of similar research published Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. In that study, a team led by Eric Kim of the University of Michigan found that older adults with a strong sense of purpose in life may be particularly likely to get health screenings such as colonoscopies and mammograms.

U.S. News & World Report story
Eric Kim’s Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences article
Lancet article (in press)

You’ll live longer than you think you will [HRS data]

Recent research based on an original question in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) shows how few folks felt they would live to 75 (at age 50). There is also an association with the low probability folks dying earlier than the high probability folks.

Popular press coverage and a Brookings publication below:

You’ll probably live much longer than you think you will
Christopher Ingraham | Washington Post [Wonkblog]
November 10, 2014

Better Financial Security in Retirement? Realizing the Promise of Longevity Annuities
Katharine Abraham and Benjamin Harris | Brookings
November 6, 2014
Abstract | Full Paper

New Rules for Human-Subject Research Remain a “Priority” But Continue to Be Delayed

By: Christopher Shea
Source: Chronicle of Higher Education

In 2011, the Department of Health and Human Services had floated some ideas for changes in the rules governing such research. The aim was both to better protect the subjects and to reduce the much-resented bureaucratic burden on professors and university staff members.

… Today, more than two years after the conference, the regulations remain just where they were in 2011: still under development.

Full article