Who Marries Who?

Bloomberg Business has an interesting (and productivity vortex) interactive chart show who marries who based on profession.

NBER Working Papers

Factors Determining Callbacks to Job Applications by the Unemployed: An Audit Study
by Henry S. Farber, Dan Silverman, Till von Wachter #21689
Abstract; PDF

Maybe Next Month? Temperature Shocks, Climate Change, and Dynamic Adjustments in Birth Rates
by Alan Barreca, Olivier Deschenes, Melanie Guldi #21681
Abstract; PDF

Comparative Advantage, International Trade, and Fertility
by Quy-Toan Do, Andrei A. Levchenko, Claudio Raddatz #21677
Abstract; PDF

Immigration, Human Capital Formation and Endogenous Economic Growth
by Isaac Ehrlich, Jinyoung Kim #21699
Abstract; PDF

Commuting, Migration and Local Employment Elasticities
by Ferdinando Monte, Stephen J. Redding, Esteban Rossi-Hansberg #21706
Abstract; PDF

Taste for Competition and the Gender Gap Among Young Business Professionals
by Ernesto Reuben, Paola Sapienza, Luigi Zingales #21695
Abstract; PDF

Mobile Messaging for Offline Social Interactions: a Large Field Experiment
by Tianshu Sun, Guodong (Gordon) Gao, Ginger Zhe Jin #21704
Abstract; PDF

Caloric Requirements and Food Consumption Patterns of the Poor
by Shari Eli, Nicholas Li #21697
Abstract; PDF

Why did the Democrats Lose the South? Bringing New Data to an Old Debate
by Ilyana Kuziemko, Ebonya Washington #21703
Abstract; PDF

Impacts of Being Downwind of a Coal-Fired Power Plant on Infant Health at Birth: Evidence from the Precedent-Setting Portland Rule
by Muzhe Yang, Shin-Yi Chou #21723
Abstract; PDF

Dynamic Directed Random Matching
by Darrell Duffie, Lei Qiao, Yeneng Sun #21731
Abstract; PDF

The Option Value of Human Capital: Higher Education and Wage Inequality
by Sang Yoon Lee, Yongseok Shin, Donghoon Lee #21724
Abstract; PDF

Work Incentives in the Social Security Disability Benefit Formula
by Gopi Shah Goda, John B. Shoven, Sita Slavov #21708
Abstract; PDF

How Strong are Ethnic Preferences?
by Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Kjetil Bjorvatn, Simon Galle, Edward Miguel, Daniel N. Posner, Bertil Tungodden, Kelly Zhang #21715
Abstract; PDF

Bright Minds, Big Rent: Gentrification and the Rising Returns to Skill
by Lena Edlund, Cecilia Machado, Michaela Sviatchi #21729
Abstract; PDF

It’s About Time: Effects of the Affordable Care Act Dependent Coverage Mandate On Time Use
by Gregory Colman, Dhaval Dave #21725
Abstract; PDF

Access to Schooling and the Black-White Incarceration Gap in the Early 20th Century US South: Evidence from Rosenwald Schools
by Katherine Eriksson #21727
Abstract; PDF

Economics of Means-Tested Transfer Programs: Introduction
by Robert Moffitt #21751
Abstract; PDF

Identifying the Cost of a Public Health Success: Arsenic Well Water Contamination and Productivity in Bangladesh
by Mark M. Pitt, Mark R. Rosenzweig, Nazmul Hassan #21741
Abstract; PDF

Short-run Effects of Parental Job Loss on Child Health
by Jessamyn Schaller, Mariana Zerpa #21745
Abstract; PDF

Human Capital Development and Parental Investment in India
by Orazio Attanasio, Costas Meghir, Emily Nix #21740
Abstract; PDF

Paid Family Leave, Fathers’ Leave-Taking, and Leave-Sharing in Dual-Earner Households
by Ann Bartel, Maya Rossin-Slater, Christopher Ruhm, Jenna Stearns, Jane Waldfogel #21747
Abstract; PDF

Leveraging Lotteries for School Value-Added: Testing and Estimation
by Joshua Angrist, Peter Hull, Parag A. Pathak, Christopher Walters #21748
Abstract; PDF

Declining Wealth and Work Among Male Veterans in the Health and Retirement Study
by Alan L. Gustman, Thomas L. Steinmeier, Nahid Tabatabai #21736
Abstract; PDF

The Relationship between Establishment Training and the Retention of Older Workers: Evidence from Germany
by Peter B. Berg, Mary K. Hamman, Matthew M. Piszczek, Christopher J. Ruhm #21746
Abstract; PDF

Promoting Your Research

Philip Cohen of Family Inequality has some suggestions for promoting your research:

These are some basic thoughts for academics promoting their research. You don’t have to be a full-time self-promoter to improve your reach and impact, but the options are daunting and I often hear people say they don’t have time to do things like run a Twitter account or write blogs. Even a relatively small effort, if well directed, can help a lot. Don’t let the perfect be the enemy of the good. It’s fine to do some things pretty well even if you can’t do everything to your ideal standard.

It’s all about making your research better — better quality, better impact. You want more people to read and appreciate your work, not just because you want fame and fortune, but because that’s what the work is for.

Changes in Incarceration Rates

Keith Humphreys, writing for WonkBlog, examines recent changes in the U.S. incarceration rates:

After decades of growth, the U.S. imprisonment rate has been declining for the past six years. Hidden within this welcome overall trend is a sizable and surprising racial disparity: African-Americans are benefitting from the national de-incarceration trend but whites are serving time at increasingly higher rates.

Historical Immigration to the U.S.

The University of Richmond Digital Scholarship Lab created an interactive map showing the foreign born population and countries of origin at the county level since 1850.

H/T Urban Demographics

Marriage and Gender Equality

Philip Cohen of Family Inequality charts the correlation between marriage and gender inequality:

I used data from this U.N. report on marriage rates from 2008, restricted to those countries that had data from 2000 or later. To show marriage rates I used the percentage of women ages 30-34 that are currently married. This is thus a combination of marriage prevalence and marriage timing, which is something like the amount of marriage in the country. I got gender inequality from the U.N. Development Programme’s Human Development Report for 2015. The gender inequality index combines the maternal mortality ratio, the adolescent birth rate, the representation of women in the national parliament, the gender gap in secondary education, and the gender gap in labor market participation.

NBER Working Papers

The Migration Response to Increasing Temperatures
by Cristina Cattaneo, Giovanni Peri #21622
Abstract; PDF

Do People Shape Cities, or Do Cities Shape People? The Co-evolution of Physical, Social, and Economic Change in Five Major U.S. Cities
by Nikhil Naik, Scott Duke Kominers, Ramesh Raskar, Edward L. Glaeser, Cesar A. Hidalgo #21620
Abstract; PDF

Measuring Health Insurance Benefits: The Case of People with Disabilities

by Richard V. Burkhauser, Jeff Larrimore, Sean Lyons #21629
Abstract; PDF

Pollution, Infectious Disease, and Mortality: Evidence from the 1918 Spanish Influenza Pandemic
by Karen Clay, Joshua Lewis, Edson Severnini #21635
Abstract; PDF

The Mortality Consequences of Distinctively Black Names
by Lisa Cook, Trevon Logan, John Parman #21625
Abstract; PDF

Retaking in High Stakes Exams: Is Less More?
by Kala Krishna, Sergey Lychagin, Veronica Frisancho Robles #21640
Abstract; PDF

Bullying among Adolescents: The Role of Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills
by Miguel Sarzosa, Sergio Urzua #21631
Abstract; PDF

Self-Selection of Emigrants: Theory and Evidence on Stochastic Dominance in Observable and Unobservable Characteristics
by George J. Borjas, Ilpo Kauppinen, Panu Poutvaara #21649
Abstract; PDF

When Evidence is Not Enough: Findings from a Randomized Evaluation of Evidence-Based Literacy Instruction (EBLI)
by Brian Jacob #21643
Abstract; PDF

Partial Identification in Applied Research: Benefits and Challenges
by Kate Ho, Adam M. Rosen #21641
Abstract; PDF

The Efficiency Consequences of Health Care Privatization: Evidence from Medicare Advantage Exits
by Mark Duggan, Jonathan Gruber, Boris Vabson #21650
Abstract; PDF

Trading Votes for Votes. A Decentralized Matching Algorithm
by Alessandra Casella, Thomas Palfrey #21645
Abstract; PDF

How Does Declining Unionism Affect the American Middle Class and Intergenerational Mobility?
by Richard Freeman, Eunice Han, David Madland, Brendan V. Duke #21638
Abstract; PDF

Pollution and Mortality in the 19th Century
by W. Walker Hanlon #21647
Abstract; PDF

Do Employers Prefer Migrant Workers? Evidence from a Chinese Job Board
by Peter Kuhn, Kailing Shen #21675
Abstract; PDF

Employment and Training Programs
by Burt S. Barnow, Jeffrey Smith #21659
Abstract; PDF

Using Linked Survey and Administrative Data to Better Measure Income: Implications for Poverty, Program Effectiveness and Holes in the Safety Net
by Bruce D. Meyer, Nikolas Mittag #21676
Abstract; PDF

Is It Harder for Older Workers to Find Jobs? New and Improved Evidence from a Field Experiment
by David Neumark, Ian Burn, Patrick Button #21669
Abstract; PDF

Income Inequality and Asset Prices under Redistributive Taxation
by Lubos Pastor, Pietro Veronesi #21668
Abstract; PDF

Do Students Know Best? Choice, Classroom Time, and Academic Performance
by Theodore J. Joyce, Sean Crockett, David A. Jaeger, Onur Altindag, Stephen D. O’Connell, Dahlia K. Remler #21656
Abstract; PDF

The Welfare Effects of Nudges: A Case Study of Energy Use Social Comparisons
by Hunt Allcott, Judd B. Kessler #21671
Abstract; PDF

The Analysis of Field Choice in College and Graduate School: Determinants and Wage Effects
by Joseph G. Altonji, Peter Arcidiacono, Arnaud Maurel #21655
Abstract; PDF

Evaluating Public Programs with Close Substitutes: The Case of Head Start
by Patrick Kline, Christopher Walters #21658
Abstract; PDF

World Bank Gender Data Portal

The World Bank has launched a gender data portal:

Gender data are one of the most visited parts of our data site, and these new resources make it easier than ever to see our data’s gender dimensions. The country and topic dashboards give an overview of the distribution and trends in data across important themes, and the online tables and book are a useful reference for the most commonly accessed data.

Open Data, the World Bank blog, pulled four charts from the portal to illustrate gaps which still need to be closed.

New Quiz: Sleep & Insomnia, 2013-2014

Most weeks I put a quiz on our departmental white board. The questions might be from things I post in this blog, but often are just things I find interesting, surprising or just fun. I thought I would try the format here. If you have any feedback, please e-mail me at ljridley [at] umich [dot] edu.

Question 1

Who is least likely to have trouble staying asleep four or more times in the past week?




Question 2

What percentage of women, no children take sleep medication?




Question 3

Who is most likely to have gotten 7+ hours of sleep?




Question 4

What percentage of single parents had trouble falling asleep 4 or more times a week?




NBER Working Papers

The Disability Employment Puzzle: A Field Experiment on Employer Hiring Behavior
by Mason Ameri, Lisa Schur, Meera Adya, Scott Bentley, Patrick McKay, Douglas Kruse #21560
Abstract; PDF

Non-Cognitive Deficits and Young Adult Outcomes: The Long-Run Impacts of a Universal Child Care Program
by Michael Baker, Jonathan Gruber, Kevin Milligan #21571
Abstract; PDF

How Does Household Income Affect Child Personality Traits and Behaviors?
by Randall Akee, Emilia Simeonova, E. Jane Costello, William Copeland, Adrian Angold #21562
Abstract; PDF

TAs Like Me: Racial Interactions between Graduate Teaching Assistants and Undergraduates
by Lester Lusher, Doug Campbell, Scott Carrell #21568
Abstract; PDF

As the Wind Blows: The Effects of Long-Term Exposure to Air Pollution on Mortality
by Michael L. Anderson #21578
Abstract; PDF

Neophilia Ranking of Scientific Journals
by Mikko Packalen, Jay Bhattacharya #21579
Abstract; PDF

Low-Frequency Econometrics
by Ulrich K. Mueller, Mark W. Watson #21564
Abstract; PDF

Public Universities, Equal Opportunity, and the Legacy of Jim Crow: Evidence from North Carolina
by Charles T. Clotfelter, Helen F. Ladd, Jacob L. Vigdor #21577
Abstract; PDF

Principal Component Analysis of High Frequency Data
by Yacine Ait-Sahalia, Dacheng Xiu #21584
Abstract; PDF

Immigrant Employment and Earnings Growth in Canada and the U.S.: Evidence from Longitudinal Data
by Neeraj Kaushal, Yao Lu, Nicole Denier, Julia Shu-Huah Wang, Stephen J. Trejo #21591
Abstract; PDF

Education Research and Administrative Data
by David N. Figlio, Krzysztof Karbownik, Kjell G. Salvanes #21592
Abstract; PDF

The Cost of Uncertainty about the Timing of Social Security Reform
by Frank N. Caliendo, Aspen Gorry, Sita Slavov #21585
Abstract; PDF

What Can We Learn About the Effects of Food Stamps on Obesity in the Presence of Misreporting?
by Lorenzo Almada, Ian M. McCarthy, Rusty Tchernis #21596
Abstract; PDF

Housing Booms and Busts, Labor Market Opportunities, and College Attendance
by Kerwin Kofi Charles, Erik Hurst, Matthew J. Notowidigdo #21587
Abstract; PDF

Does Education Reduce Teen Fertility? Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Laws
by Philip DeCicca, Harry Krashinsky #21594
Abstract; PDF

Estimation of Multivariate Probit Models via Bivariate Probit
by John Mullahy #21593
Abstract; PDF

A Nonlinear Certainty Equivalent Approximation Method for Dynamic Stochastic Problems
by Yongyang Cai, Kenneth Judd, Jevgenijs Steinbuks #21590
Abstract; PDF

Healthcare Exceptionalism? Performance and Allocation in the U.S. Healthcare Sector
by Amitabh Chandra, Amy Finkelstein, Adam Sacarny, Chad Syverson #21603
Abstract; PDF

The Gift of Time? School Starting Age and Mental Health
by Thomas S. Dee, Hans Henrik Sievertsen #21610
Abstract; PDF

Discrimination and Worker Evaluation
by Costas Cavounidis, Kevin Lang #21612
Abstract; PDF

Using Behavioral Insights to Increase Parental Engagement: The Parents and Children Together (PACT) Intervention
by Susan E. Mayer, Ariel Kalil, Philip Oreopoulos, Sebastian Gallegos #21602
Abstract; PDF

The Relationship between Health and Schooling: What’s New?
by Michael Grossman #21609
Abstract; PDF

Health Effects of Economic Crises
by Christopher J. Ruhm #21604
Abstract; PDF

Does Eliminating the Earnings Test Increase the Incidence of Low Income Among Older Women?
by Theodore Figinski, David Neumark #21601
Abstract; PDF

Diabetes and Diet: Behavioral Response and the Value of Health
by Emily Oster #21600
Abstract; PDF