Author Archive for ljridley

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UNHCR Global Trends 2013

Via The UN Refugee Agency Statistics and Operational Data

From the e-mail announcement:

The report provides an overview of the statistical trends and changes in the global populations of concern to UNHCR, i.e. refugees, returnees, stateless persons and certain groups of internally displaced persons (IDPs), placed in the context of major humanitarian developments and displacement during the year.

By end-2013, 51.2 million individuals were forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, generalized violence, or human rights violations. It is the first time in the post-World War II era that numbers have exceeded 50 million people. Some 16.7 million persons were refugees: 11.7 million under UNHCR’s mandate and 5.0 million Palestinian refugees registered by UNRWA. The global figure included 33.3 million IDPs and close to 1.2 million asylum-seekers. If these 51.2 million persons were a nation, they would make up the 26th largest in the world.

Download the report (PDF)

QSEP Research Reports

Population Consequences of Male Selection at Birth When The Sex Probabilities Can Be Altered
by Frank T. Denton and Byron G. Spencer
We explore the implications of male preference stopping rules for a stable population, and more generally the aggregate implications of higher male/female birth ratios. We begin by specifying nine alternative family stopping rules, derive their probability functions, and simulate the long-run effects on population growth rates and age and sex ratios. We then move away from the idea of explicit stopping rules and simulate the population effects of 81 alternative combinations of birth sex ratios and fertility rates under (implicit) preference for male children. The results show how male preference and fertility choices at the individual family level can affect the overall characteristics of a population.
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Changes in Wage Distributions of Wage Earners in Canada: 2000-2005
by Kao-Lee Liaw and Lei Xu
This research attempts to figure out whether the wage distributions of Canadian wage earners have been moving towards or away from the flowing three ideals in the early part of the 21th century. First, there be a pattern of wage increase that is shared by a large majority of wage earners. Second, the historical gender inequality in wage be reduced. Third, there be a decrease in wage inequality for both males and females. We use the long-form records of the 2001 and 2006 population censuses to carry out our investigation. A nice feature of these records is that the values of income variables are not top-coded so that the true averages will not be understated and good insights into the situations of those with extremely high incomes can be obtained. We are disappointed by finding that the Canadian economy mostly drifted away from our three ideals, with the main exception being that for female wage earners the improvement in wage was fortunately shared by a large majority. We believe that an important reason for our disappointing finding is the progressive entrenchment of market fundamentalism in Canada. Incidentally, we have discovered that Statistics Canada did a good job in designing the 2006 census questionnaire so that the annoying choppiness that occurred to the 2000 wage distributions vanished in the 2005 wage distributions.
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Working Papers from NBER

The Effect of Medical Marijuana Laws on Marijuana, Alcohol, and Hard Drug Use
by Hefei Wen, Jason M. Hockenberry, Janet R. Cummings #20085
Abstract; PDF

The Long Term Impact of Cash Transfers to Poor Families
by Anna Aizer, Shari Eli, Joseph Ferrie, Adriana Lleras-Muney #20103
Abstract; PDF

Race, Ethnicity, and Discriminatory Zoning
by Allison Shertzer, Tate Twinam, Randall P. Walsh #20108
Abstract; PDF

Asset Pricing with Countercyclical Household Consumption Risk
by George M. Constantinides, Anisha Ghosh #20110
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of Public Insurance Coverage for Childless Adults on Labor Supply
by Laura Dague, Thomas DeLeire, Lindsey Leininger #20111
Abstract; PDF

Effects of Maternal Depression on Family Food Insecurity
by Kelly Noonan, Hope Corman, Nancy E. Reichman #20113
Abstract; PDF

Immigration, Search, and Redistribution: A Quantitative Assessment of Native Welfare
by Michele Battisti, Gabriel Felbermayr, Giovanni Peri, Panu Poutvaara #20131
Abstract; PDF

The Behavioralist as Nutritionist: Leveraging Behavioral Economics To Improve Child Food Choice and Consumption
by John A. List, Anya Savikhin Samek #20132
Abstract; PDF

Can Variation in Subgroups’ Average Treatment Effects Explain Treatment Effect Heterogeneity? Evidence from a Social Experiment
by Marianne P. Bitler, Jonah B. Gelbach, Hilary W. Hoynes #20142
Abstract; PDF

Aggregate Fertility and Household Savings: A General Equilibrium Analysis using Micro Data
by Abhijit Banerjee, Xin Meng, Tommaso Porzio, Nancy Qian #20050
Abstract; PDF

The Distributional Preferences of Americans
by Raymond Fisman, Pamela Jakiela, Shachar Kariv #20145
Abstract; PDF

How Did Distributional Preferences Change During the Great Recession?
by Raymond Fisman, Pamela Jakiela, Shachar Kariv #20146
Abstract; PDF

Impacts of the Affordable Care Act Dependent Coverage Provision on Health-Related Outcomes of Young Adults
by Silvia Barbaresco, Charles J. Courtemanche, Yanling Qi #20148
Abstract; PDF

Who do Unions Target? Unionization over the Life-Cycle of U.S. Businesses
by Emin M. Dinlersoz, Jeremy Greenwood, Henry R. Hyatt #20151
Abstract; PDF

A Revealed Preference Approach to the Elicitation of Political Attitudes: Experimental Evidence on Anti-Americanism in Pakistan
by Leonardo Bursztyn, Michael J. Callen, Bruno Ferman, Syed Ali Hasanain, Noam Yuchtman #20153
Abstract; PDF

When Does Education Matter? The Protective Effect of Education for Cohorts Graduating in Bad Times
by David M. Cutler, Wei Huang, Adriana Lleras-Muney #20156
Abstract; PDF

Public Health Insurance Expansions and Hospital Technology Adoption
by Seth M. Freedman, Haizhen Lin, Kosali I. Simon #20159
Abstract; PDF

Collusion at the Extensive Margin
by Martin Byford, Joshua Gans #20163
Abstract; PDF

Human Capital Effects of Anti-Poverty Programs: Evidence from a Randomized Housing Voucher Lottery
by Brian Jacob, Max Kapustin, Jens Ludwig #20164
Abstract; PDF

The Career Prospects of Overeducated Americans
by Brian Clark, Clement Joubert, Arnaud Maurel #20167
Abstract; PDF

To Charge or Not to Charge: Evidence from a Health Products Experiment in Uganda
by Greg Fischer, Dean Karlan, Margaret McConnell, Pia Raffler #20170
Abstract; PDF

Culture: Persistence and Evolution
by Francesco Giavazzi, Ivan Petkov, Fabio Schiantarelli #20174
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of Child Health Insurance Access on Schooling: Evidence from Public Insurance Expansions
by Sarah Cohodes, Samuel Kleiner, Michael F. Lovenheim, Daniel Grossman #20178
Abstract; PDF

Social Distance and Quality Ratings in Charity Choice
by Alexander L. Brown, Jonathan Meer, J. Forrest Williams #20182
Abstract; PDF

Quantifying the Lasting Harm to the U.S. Economy from the Financial Crisis
by Robert E. Hall #20183
Abstract; PDF

Trends in Migration to the U.S.

From the Population Reference Bureau:

The number of international migrants more than doubled between 1980 and 2010, from 103 million to 220 million. In 2013, the number of international migrants was 232 million and is projected to double to over 400 million by 2050.

Publication’s webpage
Full Report (PDF)

The Rise of Life Sentences in the US: a Conversation with Nicole Porter of the Sentencing Project

May 23, 2014
4:00pm – 6:00pm
School of Social Work Building – Educational Conference Center, 1840

U-M Crime Control, Poverty and Justice Workgroup, in partnership with the American Friends Service Committee, is hosting a talk with Nicole Porter, Director of State Advocacy with the Sentencing Project. Nicole will discuss life sentences, the aging prison population, and issues of racial justice in the US Criminal Justice Policy. In addition, there will be a panel of former prisoners who have served time on a life sentence in the Michigan Department of Corrections.

SPONSOR: School of Social Work Office of Alumni Relations

The Fastest Growing US Cities Are Mostly In the West

via The Washington Post

Seven of the 15 fastest growing cities in America are in the booming state of Texas, according to the annual ranking released today by the U.S. Census Bureau.

And three of those eight are in the vicinity of Austin, the state’s capital city.

One of those three, San Marcos, population 54,076, holds the distinction of being the fastest-growing city for two consecutive years. Its population increased by 8 percent between July 2012 and July 2013 — the period covered by the survey. It grew 44 percent in the past 15 years.

Full text of the article
Census Bureau Population Estimates

Most segregated schools are now in the Northeast not the South

From an article in the Washington Post:

Sixty years ago this Saturday, the Supreme Court found state laws imposing segregation unconstitutional.

Progress has been made, but the nation has been slipping, according to a new report analyzing government data from UCLA’s Civil Rights Project. And the states where segregation is most prevalent today are not the ones where it reached its boiling point in the 1950s and 1960s.

Washington Post article
Civil Rights Project Report: Executive Summary and Full Report (PDF)

A Tape-Measure for Well-Being

by Tom Barlett
Source: Chronicle of Higher Education

From the article:

Pretty much everyone seems happy. In Australia, 93 percent of the population is either happy or very happy. In China, it’s 85 percent. Jordan: 86 percent. They’re chipper in Colombia at 92. Belarus is below average, at 64, but it still has a solid majority of happy campers. In the United States, 90 percent of us are happy and presumably steering clear of the sour-faced 10-percenters.

Those figures come from the latest round, released in April, of the World Values Survey, which has been tracking the beliefs and feelings of humanity since 1981. How do surveyors determine whether people are happy? They ask them. This is what social scientists usually do when they want to find out such things.

The theory is that you are the best source of information about your own happiness. But is that the case?

Read the full article and watch the video for Pharrell Williams’ “Happy”.

The Chronicle Review Special Issue on Inequality

Full table of contents are here. Some highlights include:

Capital Man
by Emily Eakin
Thomas Piketty is economics’ biggest sensation. He’s also the field’s fiercest critic.

Campus Reflection
by John Quiggin
Inequalities in higher education mirror those in society at large.

Is Wedlock for the Weathy?
by June Carbone and Naomi Cahn
Marriage is waning among the poor and increasing among the affluent, but the law hasn’t kept up with those trends.

Impoverished Thinking
Interview by Peter Monaghan
Sendhil Mullainathan discusses scarcity and the economic mind.

Working Papers from NBER

An Empirical Model of Wage Dispersion with Sorting
by Jesper Bagger, Rasmus Lentz #20031
Abstract; PDF

Retirement, Early Retirement and Disability: Explaining Labor Force Participation after 55 in France
by Luc Behaghel, Didier Blanchet, Muriel Roger #20030
Abstract; PDF

Health Status, Disability and Retirement Incentives in Belgium
by Alain Jousten, Mathieu Lefebvre, Sergio Perelman #20035
Abstract; PDF

Health Care in a Multipayer System: The Effects of Health Care Service Demand among Adults under 65 on Utilization and Outcomes in Medicare
by Sherry A. Glied #20045
Abstract; PDF

Place-Based Policies
by David Neumark, Helen Simpson #20049
Abstract; PDF

How Do Providers Respond to Public Health Insurance Expansions? Evidence from Adult Medicaid Dental Benefits
by Thomas C. Buchmueller, Sarah Miller, Marko Vujicic #20053
Abstract; PDF

Inflation in the Great Recession and New Keynesian Models
by Marco Del Negro, Marc P. Giannoni, Frank Schorfheide #20055
Abstract; PDF

Promise Scholarship Programs as Place-Making Policy: Evidence from School Enrollment and Housing Prices
by Michael LeGower, Randall Walsh #20056
Abstract; PDF

Co-residence, Life-Cycle Savings and Inter-generational Support in Urban China
by Mark R. Rosenzweig, Junsen Zhang #20057
Abstract; PDF

Bequests and Heterogeneity in Retirement Wealth
by Mariacristina De Nardi, Fang Yang #20058
Abstract; PDF

Economic Well-being and Anti-Semitic, Xenophobic, and Racist Attitudes in Germany
by Naci H. Mocan, Christian Raschke #20059
Abstract; PDF

Declining Migration within the U.S.: The Role of the Labor Market
by Raven Molloy, Christopher L. Smith, Abigail Wozniak #20065
Abstract; PDF

Disease and Development: A Reply to Bloom, Canning, and Fink
by Daron Acemoglu, Simon Johnson #20064
Abstract; PDF

Job Displacement and the Duration of Joblessness: The Role of Spatial Mismatch
by Fredrik Andersson, John C. Haltiwanger, Mark J. Kutzbach, Henry O. Pollakowski, Daniel H. Weinberg #20066
Abstract; PDF

On the Distributive Costs of Drug-Related Homicides
by Nicolas Ajzenman, Sebastian Galiani, Enrique Seira #20067
Abstract; PDF

Discrimination and the Effects of Drug Testing on Black Employment
by Abigail K. Wozniak #20095
Abstract; PDF

Is Smoking Inferior? Evidence from Variation in the Earned Income Tax Credit
by Donald S. Kenkel, Maximilian D. Schmeiser, Carly J. Urban #20097
Abstract; PDF

Communicating Uncertainty in Official Economic Statistics
by Charles F. Manski #20098
Abstract; PDF