Author Archive for ljridley

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Working Papers From the NBER

Learning Millennial-Style
by Bruce I. Carlin, Li Jiang, Stephen A. Spiller #20268
Abstract; PDF

Educational Assortative Mating and Household Income Inequality
by Lasse Eika, Magne Mogstad, Basit Zafar #20271
Abstract; PDF

Fertility Decline and Missing Women
by Seema Jayachandran #20272
Abstract; PDF

Long-Term Unemployment and the Great Recession: The Role of Composition, Duration Dependence, and Non-Participation
by Kory Kroft, Fabian Lange, Matthew J. Notowidigdo, Lawrence F. Katz #20273
Abstract; PDF

Tractable and Consistent Random Graph Models
by Arun G. Chandrasekhar, Matthew O. Jackson #20276
Abstract; PDF

Typhoid Fever, Water Quality, and Human Capital Formation
by Brian Beach, Joseph Ferrie, Martin Saavedra, Werner Troesken #20279
Abstract; PDF

The Prison Boom and the Lack of Black Progress after Smith and Welch
by Derek Neal, Armin Rick #20283
Abstract; PDF

Improving Educational Outcomes in Developing Countries: Lessons from Rigorous Evaluations
by Richard Murnane, Alejandro J. Ganimian #20284
Abstract; PDF

What Policies Increase Prosocial Behavior? An Experiment with Referees at the Journal of Public Economics
by Raj Chetty, Emmanuel Saez, Laszlo Sandor #20290
Abstract; PDF

Unhappy Cities
by Edward L. Glaeser, Joshua D. Gottlieb, Oren Ziv #20291
Abstract; PDF

Inducing Leaders to Take Risky Decisions: Dismissal, Tenure, and Term Limits
by Philippe Aghion, Matthew Jackson #20301
Abstract; PDF

Marital Disruption and Health Insurance
by H. Elizabeth Peters, Kosali Simon, Jamie Rubenstein Taber #20233
Abstract; PDF

Transportation Costs and the Spatial Organization of Economic Activity
by Stephen J. Redding, Matthew A. Turner #20235
Abstract; PDF

Punishment and Deterrence: Evidence from Drunk Driving
by Benjamin Hansen #20243
Abstract; PDF

Life Cycle Earnings, Education Premiums and Internal Rates of Return
by Manudeep Bhuller, Magne Mogstad, Kjell G. Salvanes #20250
Abstract; PDF

Free to Leave? A Welfare Analysis of Divorce Regimes
by Raquel Fernandez, Joyce Cheng Wong #20251
Abstract; PDF

Income Inequality, Social Mobility, and the Decision to Drop Out of High School
by Melissa S. Kearney, Phillip B. Levine #20195
Abstract; PDF

Heterogeneity in the Value of Life
by Joseph E. Aldy, Seamus J. Smyth #20206
Abstract; PDF

Parenting with Style: Altruism and Paternalism in Intergenerational Preference Transmission
by Matthias Doepke, Fabrizio Zilibotti #20214
Abstract; PDF

Flaking Out: Student Absences and Snow Days as Disruptions of Instructional Time
by Joshua Goodman #20221
Abstract; PDF

“Sticker Shock” in Individual Insurance under Health Reform
by Mark Pauly, Scott Harrington, Adam Leive #20223
Abstract; PDF

Intrahousehold Inequality
by Pierre-Andre Chiappori, Costas Meghir #20191
Abstract; PDF

Impact of Premium Subsidies on the Take-up of Health Insurance: Evidence from the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)
by Asako S. Moriya, Kosali Simon #20196
Abstract; PDF

Women’s Income and Marriage Markets in the United States: Evidence from the Civil War Pension
by Laura Salisbury #20201
Abstract; PDF

Access to Health Insurance and the Use of Inpatient Medical Care: Evidence from the Affordable Care Act Young Adult Mandate
by Yaa Akosa Antwi, Asako S. Moriya, Kosali Simon #20202
Abstract; PDF

How Has the Class of 2008 Fared?

From the Chronicle of Higher Education:

The Class of 2008 graduated from college in the early months of the Great Recession. New government data show that, four years later, 69 percent of its members were working and not enrolled in a postsecondary program, while 10.7 percent were both employed and enrolled. Nearly 6 percent were enrolled but not working, while 6.7 percent were unemployed and 7.9 percent were out of the work force.

Read the full story.
National Center for Education Statistics report, “Baccalaureate and Beyond: A First Look at the Employment Experiences and Lives of College Graduates, 4 Years On”

Fundamentalisms and Women’s Rights

Eldis has put together some resources on Christian and Islamic fundamentalism and women’s rights.

From the website:

This guide features a handful of excellent resources on this difficult and broad issue including: practical guidance on fundamentalisms for human rights activists; regional studies into Christian and Islamic fundamentalist discourses around sexual and reproductive health and rights; recommendations on broadening understanding and developing more nuanced approaches to tackling fundamentalisms; an overview of women’s rights in the Middle East and North Africa region.

Find links to these resources here.

Declining Teen Births in U.S.

Via Population Reference Bureau
By Heidi Worley

From the article:

(June 2014) Births to U.S. teenage girls ages 15 to 17 have decreased by 63 percent over the past 20 years (from 39 per 1,000 teens in 1991 to 14 per 1,000 teens in 2012), according to the latest statistics released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). With an 8 percent decline between 2011 and 2012, the birth rate for teens ages 15 to 17 is at its lowest level ever recorded in the United States.

Full text of article

Vital Signs: Births to Teens Aged 15-17 Years — United States, 1991-2012, from the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Births: Final Data for 2012, National Vital Statistics Report 62(9) (PDF)

PRB Interview with Doug Wolf on Late-Life Disability and Long-Term Care

From the website:

(June 2014) Douglas Wolf discussed disability and long-term care policy in the U.S. with Marlene Lee, PRB program director for Academic Research and Relations. Wolf is the Gerald B. Cramer Professor of Aging Studies in the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs and director of the Center for Aging & Policy Research at Syracuse University.

View the video

UNHCR Global Trends 2013

Via The UN Refugee Agency Statistics and Operational Data

From the e-mail announcement:

The report provides an overview of the statistical trends and changes in the global populations of concern to UNHCR, i.e. refugees, returnees, stateless persons and certain groups of internally displaced persons (IDPs), placed in the context of major humanitarian developments and displacement during the year.

By end-2013, 51.2 million individuals were forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, generalized violence, or human rights violations. It is the first time in the post-World War II era that numbers have exceeded 50 million people. Some 16.7 million persons were refugees: 11.7 million under UNHCR’s mandate and 5.0 million Palestinian refugees registered by UNRWA. The global figure included 33.3 million IDPs and close to 1.2 million asylum-seekers. If these 51.2 million persons were a nation, they would make up the 26th largest in the world.

Download the report (PDF)

QSEP Research Reports

Population Consequences of Male Selection at Birth When The Sex Probabilities Can Be Altered
by Frank T. Denton and Byron G. Spencer
We explore the implications of male preference stopping rules for a stable population, and more generally the aggregate implications of higher male/female birth ratios. We begin by specifying nine alternative family stopping rules, derive their probability functions, and simulate the long-run effects on population growth rates and age and sex ratios. We then move away from the idea of explicit stopping rules and simulate the population effects of 81 alternative combinations of birth sex ratios and fertility rates under (implicit) preference for male children. The results show how male preference and fertility choices at the individual family level can affect the overall characteristics of a population.
Download PDF

Changes in Wage Distributions of Wage Earners in Canada: 2000-2005
by Kao-Lee Liaw and Lei Xu
This research attempts to figure out whether the wage distributions of Canadian wage earners have been moving towards or away from the flowing three ideals in the early part of the 21th century. First, there be a pattern of wage increase that is shared by a large majority of wage earners. Second, the historical gender inequality in wage be reduced. Third, there be a decrease in wage inequality for both males and females. We use the long-form records of the 2001 and 2006 population censuses to carry out our investigation. A nice feature of these records is that the values of income variables are not top-coded so that the true averages will not be understated and good insights into the situations of those with extremely high incomes can be obtained. We are disappointed by finding that the Canadian economy mostly drifted away from our three ideals, with the main exception being that for female wage earners the improvement in wage was fortunately shared by a large majority. We believe that an important reason for our disappointing finding is the progressive entrenchment of market fundamentalism in Canada. Incidentally, we have discovered that Statistics Canada did a good job in designing the 2006 census questionnaire so that the annoying choppiness that occurred to the 2000 wage distributions vanished in the 2005 wage distributions.
Download PDF

Working Papers from NBER

The Effect of Medical Marijuana Laws on Marijuana, Alcohol, and Hard Drug Use
by Hefei Wen, Jason M. Hockenberry, Janet R. Cummings #20085
Abstract; PDF

The Long Term Impact of Cash Transfers to Poor Families
by Anna Aizer, Shari Eli, Joseph Ferrie, Adriana Lleras-Muney #20103
Abstract; PDF

Race, Ethnicity, and Discriminatory Zoning
by Allison Shertzer, Tate Twinam, Randall P. Walsh #20108
Abstract; PDF

Asset Pricing with Countercyclical Household Consumption Risk
by George M. Constantinides, Anisha Ghosh #20110
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of Public Insurance Coverage for Childless Adults on Labor Supply
by Laura Dague, Thomas DeLeire, Lindsey Leininger #20111
Abstract; PDF

Effects of Maternal Depression on Family Food Insecurity
by Kelly Noonan, Hope Corman, Nancy E. Reichman #20113
Abstract; PDF

Immigration, Search, and Redistribution: A Quantitative Assessment of Native Welfare
by Michele Battisti, Gabriel Felbermayr, Giovanni Peri, Panu Poutvaara #20131
Abstract; PDF

The Behavioralist as Nutritionist: Leveraging Behavioral Economics To Improve Child Food Choice and Consumption
by John A. List, Anya Savikhin Samek #20132
Abstract; PDF

Can Variation in Subgroups’ Average Treatment Effects Explain Treatment Effect Heterogeneity? Evidence from a Social Experiment
by Marianne P. Bitler, Jonah B. Gelbach, Hilary W. Hoynes #20142
Abstract; PDF

Aggregate Fertility and Household Savings: A General Equilibrium Analysis using Micro Data
by Abhijit Banerjee, Xin Meng, Tommaso Porzio, Nancy Qian #20050
Abstract; PDF

The Distributional Preferences of Americans
by Raymond Fisman, Pamela Jakiela, Shachar Kariv #20145
Abstract; PDF

How Did Distributional Preferences Change During the Great Recession?
by Raymond Fisman, Pamela Jakiela, Shachar Kariv #20146
Abstract; PDF

Impacts of the Affordable Care Act Dependent Coverage Provision on Health-Related Outcomes of Young Adults
by Silvia Barbaresco, Charles J. Courtemanche, Yanling Qi #20148
Abstract; PDF

Who do Unions Target? Unionization over the Life-Cycle of U.S. Businesses
by Emin M. Dinlersoz, Jeremy Greenwood, Henry R. Hyatt #20151
Abstract; PDF

A Revealed Preference Approach to the Elicitation of Political Attitudes: Experimental Evidence on Anti-Americanism in Pakistan
by Leonardo Bursztyn, Michael J. Callen, Bruno Ferman, Syed Ali Hasanain, Noam Yuchtman #20153
Abstract; PDF

When Does Education Matter? The Protective Effect of Education for Cohorts Graduating in Bad Times
by David M. Cutler, Wei Huang, Adriana Lleras-Muney #20156
Abstract; PDF

Public Health Insurance Expansions and Hospital Technology Adoption
by Seth M. Freedman, Haizhen Lin, Kosali I. Simon #20159
Abstract; PDF

Collusion at the Extensive Margin
by Martin Byford, Joshua Gans #20163
Abstract; PDF

Human Capital Effects of Anti-Poverty Programs: Evidence from a Randomized Housing Voucher Lottery
by Brian Jacob, Max Kapustin, Jens Ludwig #20164
Abstract; PDF

The Career Prospects of Overeducated Americans
by Brian Clark, Clement Joubert, Arnaud Maurel #20167
Abstract; PDF

To Charge or Not to Charge: Evidence from a Health Products Experiment in Uganda
by Greg Fischer, Dean Karlan, Margaret McConnell, Pia Raffler #20170
Abstract; PDF

Culture: Persistence and Evolution
by Francesco Giavazzi, Ivan Petkov, Fabio Schiantarelli #20174
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of Child Health Insurance Access on Schooling: Evidence from Public Insurance Expansions
by Sarah Cohodes, Samuel Kleiner, Michael F. Lovenheim, Daniel Grossman #20178
Abstract; PDF

Social Distance and Quality Ratings in Charity Choice
by Alexander L. Brown, Jonathan Meer, J. Forrest Williams #20182
Abstract; PDF

Quantifying the Lasting Harm to the U.S. Economy from the Financial Crisis
by Robert E. Hall #20183
Abstract; PDF

Trends in Migration to the U.S.

From the Population Reference Bureau:

The number of international migrants more than doubled between 1980 and 2010, from 103 million to 220 million. In 2013, the number of international migrants was 232 million and is projected to double to over 400 million by 2050.

Publication’s webpage
Full Report (PDF)

The Rise of Life Sentences in the US: a Conversation with Nicole Porter of the Sentencing Project

May 23, 2014
4:00pm – 6:00pm
School of Social Work Building – Educational Conference Center, 1840

U-M Crime Control, Poverty and Justice Workgroup, in partnership with the American Friends Service Committee, is hosting a talk with Nicole Porter, Director of State Advocacy with the Sentencing Project. Nicole will discuss life sentences, the aging prison population, and issues of racial justice in the US Criminal Justice Policy. In addition, there will be a panel of former prisoners who have served time on a life sentence in the Michigan Department of Corrections.

SPONSOR: School of Social Work Office of Alumni Relations
WEBSITE: https://ssw.umich.edu/events/list/2014/05/23/46367-the-rise-of-life-sentences-in-the-us-a-conversation-with-nicole-porter-of-the-sentencing-project