Author Archive for ljridley

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The Gap in Public and Scientist’s Views on Science and Society

The Pew Research Center explores the differences between the ways scientists and the public view science and society.

Read the full article
Complete report (PDF)
Topline Questionnaire (PDF)
Interactive graphs

New NBER Working Papers

Efficacy vs. Equity: What Happens When States Tinker with College Admissions in a Race-Blind Era?
by Sandra E. Black, Kalena E. Cortes, Jane Arnold Lincove #20804
Abstract; PDF

The Effects of Youth Employment: Evidence from New York City Summer Youth Employment Program Lotteries
by Alexander Gelber, Adam Isen, Judd B. Kessler #20810
Abstract; PDF

The Roles of Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills in Moderating the Effects of Mixed-Ability Schools on Long-Term Health
by Anirban Basu, Andrew M. Jones, Pedro Rosa Dias #20811
Abstract; PDF

Measuring Consumer Valuation of Limited Provider Networks
by Keith Marzilli Ericson, Amanda Starc #20812
Abstract; PDF

Field of Study, Earnings, and Self-Selection
by Lars Kirkeboen, Edwin Leuven, Magne Mogstad #20816
Abstract; PDF

Can Health Insurance Competition Work? Evidence from Medicare Advantage
by Vilsa Curto, Liran Einav, Jonathan Levin, Jay Bhattacharya #20818
Abstract; PDF

Leveling Up: Early Results from a Randomized Evaluation of Post-Secondary Aid
by Joshua Angrist, David Autor, Sally Hudson, Amanda Pallais #20800
Abstract; PDF

Income-based Inequality in Educational Outcomes: Learning from State Longitudinal Data Systems
by John P. Papay, Richard J. Murnane, John B. Willett #20802
Abstract; PDF

The Fluidity of Race: “Passing” in the United States, 1880-1940
by Emily Nix, Nancy Qian #20828
Abstract; PDF

Patronage Politics and the Development of the Welfare State: Confederate Pensions in the American South
by Shari Eli, Laura Salisbury #20829
Abstract; PDF

The Returns to the Federal Tax Credits for Higher Education
by George B. Bulman, Caroline M. Hoxby #20833
Abstract; PDF

Cognitive Economics
by Miles S. Kimball #20834
Abstract; PDF

Medicaid as an Investment in Children: What is the Long-Term Impact on Tax Receipts?
by David W. Brown, Amanda E. Kowalski, Ithai Z. Lurie #20835
Abstract; PDF

Bounding the Labor Supply Responses to a Randomized Welfare Experiment: A Revealed Preference Approach
by Patrick Kline, Melissa Tartari #20838
Abstract; PDF

Does Delay Cause Decay? The Effect of Administrative Decision Time on the Labor Force Participation and Earnings of Disability Applicants
by David H. Autor, Nicole Maestas, Kathleen J. Mullen, Alexander Strand #20840
Abstract; PDF

Technology and Labor Regulations: Theory and Evidence
by Alberto Alesina, Michele Battisti, Joseph Zeira #20841
Abstract; PDF

Long Run Effects of Free School Choice: College Attainment, Employment, Earnings, and Social Outcomes at Adulthood
by Victor Lavy #20843
Abstract; PDF

Migration, Congestion Externalities, and the Evaluation of Spatial Investments
by Taryn Dinkelman, Sam Schulhofer-Wohl #20842
Abstract; PDF

The Effects of School Spending on Educational and Economic Outcomes: Evidence from School Finance Reforms
by C. Kirabo Jackson, Rucker C. Johnson, Claudia Persico #20847
Abstract; PDF

Student Loans and Repayment: Theory, Evidence and Policy
by Lance Lochner, Alexander Monge-Naranjo #20849
Abstract; PDF

Borrowing Trouble? Student Loans, the Cost of Borrowing, and Implications for the Effectiveness of Need-Based Grant Aid
by Benjamin M. Marx, Lesley J. Turner #20850
Abstract; PDF

Accounting for Changes in Between-Group Inequality
by Ariel Burstein, Eduardo Morales, Jonathan Vogel #20855
Abstract; PDF

What High-Achieving Low-Income Students Know About College
by Caroline Hoxby, Sarah Turner #20861
Abstract; PDF

Municipal Housekeeping: The Impact of Women’s Suffrage on Public Education
by Celeste K. Carruthers, Marianne H. Wanamaker #20864
Abstract; PDF

Microeconomic Origins of Macroeconomic Tail Risks
by Daron Acemoglu, Asuman Ozdaglar, Alireza Tahbaz-Salehi #20865
Abstract; PDF

Sacred Values? The Effect of Information on Attitudes toward Payments for Human Organs
by Julio J. Elias, Nicola Lacetera, Mario Macis #20866
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of Unemployment Benefits on the Duration of Unemployment Insurance Receipt: New Evidence from a Regression Kink Design in Missouri, 2003-2013
by David Card, Andrew Johnston, Pauline Leung, Alexandre Mas, Zhuan Pei #20869
Abstract; PDF

PSC Researchers In the News

Daniel Eisenberg discusses U-M program offering mental health services to student athletes. Huffington Post, 1/28/2015. Related journal article. See also Athletes Connected.

William H. Frey says current minority college completion rates predict decline in college-educated Americans. National Journal, 1/14/2015.

Miles Kimball and an anonymous co-author discuss male bias in economics in an article for Quartz.

Lloyd Johnston discusses the decline in teens’ smoking cigarettes and their increasing use of e-cigarettes in several media outlets. Steve Forbes has a different perspective, calling out Johnston specifically in a Forbes commentary.

Martha Bailey and Susan Dynarski’s work cited in story on sending teams of poor kids to college. The Atlantic, 12/11/2014. Related journal article.

Yu Xie’s work on Asian-American children’s school performance cited in story on parenting styles. Deseret News National. 12/08/2014. Related journal article

David Lam says improving U.S. economy may spur higher fertility, but if not, we shouldn’t worry. NPR – Marketplace. 12/04/2014.

Bill Frey says politics are being reshaped by four demographic trends in the U.S. Washington Post. 11/29/2014.

Apoorva Jadhav comments on recent government-sponsored sterilizations in India. “India sterilization deaths spark outcry for change” – CBC Radio. 11/25/2014. Listen to interview: Apoorva at 18:03.

New NBER Working Papers

Does the Environment Still Matter? Daily Temperature and Income in the United States
by Tatyana Deryugina, Solomon M. Hsiang #20750
Abstract; PDF

One Size does not Fit All: Multiple Dimensions of Ability, College Attendance and Wages
by Maria F. Prada, Sergio S. Urzua #20752
Abstract; PDF

Accidental Environmentalists? Californian Demand for Teslas and Solar Panels
by Magali A. Delmas, Matthew E. Kahn, Stephen Locke #20754
Abstract; PDF

Retirement Timing of Women and the Role of Care Responsibilities for Grandchildren
by Robin L. Lumsdaine, Stephanie J.C. Vermeer #20756
Abstract; PDF

Early Health Shocks, Intrahousehold Resource Allocation, and Child Outcomes
by Junjian Yi, James J. Heckman, Junsen Zhang, Gabriella Conti #20757
Abstract; PDF

Unilateral Facilitation Does Not Raise International Labor Migration from the Philippines
by Emily Beam, David McKenzie, Dean Yang #20759
Abstract; PDF

Women Helping Women? Evidence from Private Sector Data on Workplace Hierarchies
by Astrid Kunze, Amalia R. Miller #20761 (LE LS)
Abstract; PDF

Race, Ethnicity and High-Cost Mortgage Lending
by Patrick Bayer, Fernando Ferreira, Stephen L. Ross #20762
Abstract; PDF

Medium-Term Health Impacts of Shocks Experienced In Utero and After Birth: Evidence from Detailed Geographic Information on War Exposure
by Richard Akresh, German Daniel Caruso, Harsha Thirumurthy #20763
Abstract; PDF

The Impact of Education on Health and Health Behavior in a Middle-Income, Low-Education Country
by Resul Cesur, Bahadir Dursun, Naci Mocan #20764
Abstract; PDF

Racial Differences in Health in Long-Run Perspective: A Brief Introduction
by Leah Boustan, Robert A. Margo #20765
Abstract; PDF

Demand Analysis using Strategic Reports: An application to a school choice mechanism
by Nikhil Agarwal, Paulo Somaini #20775
Abstract; PDF

Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya
by Esther Duflo, Pascaline Dupas, Michael Kremer #20784
Abstract; PDF

by Muriel Niederle #20788
Abstract; PDF

Sources of Geographic Variation in Health Care: Evidence from Patient Migration
by Amy Finkelstein, Matthew Gentzkow, Heidi Williams #20789
Abstract; PDF

Are the World’s Poorest Being Left Behind?
by Martin Ravallion #20791
Abstract; PDF

Charters Without Lotteries: Testing Takeovers in New Orleans and Boston
by Atila Abdulkadiroglu, Joshua D. Angrist, Peter D. Hull, Parag A. Pathak #20792
Abstract; PDF

How financially literate are women? An overview and new insights
by Tabea Bucher-Koenen, Annamaria Lusardi, Rob Alessie, Maarten van Rooij #20793
Abstract; PDF

How’s Life at Home? New Evidence on Marriage and the Set Point for Happiness
by John F. Helliwell, Shawn Grover #20794 (AG PE)
Abstract; PDF

Illegal Immigration, State Law, and Deterrence
by Mark Hoekstra, Sandra Orozco-Aleman #20801
Abstract; PDF

Millennials are projected to outnumber Baby Boomers

Richard Fry of Pew Research Center examines new released Census Bureau population projections. The generation born between 1981 and 1997 continues to grow while the Baby Boom generation (born between 1946 and 1964) is shrinking and they are expected to outnumber the Boomers this year. The comments on the article provide an interesting discussion of the boundaries of generations.

Read the full analysis.

New NBER Working Papers

Measuring the Sensitivity of Parameter Estimates to Sample Statistics
by Matthew Gentzkow, Jesse M. Shapiro #20673
Abstract; PDF

Subjective Beliefs, Deterrence, and the Propensity to Drive While Intoxicated
by Yiqun Chen, Frank Sloan #20680
Abstract; PDF

New Linked Data on Research Investments: Scientific Workforce, Productivity, and Public Value
by Julia Lane, Jason Owen-Smith, Rebecca Rosen, Bruce Weinberg #20683
Abstract; PDF

Empirical Linkages between Good Government and National Well-being
by John F. Helliwell, Haifang Huang, Shawn Grover, Shun Wang #20686
Abstract; PDF

Does Reading During the Summer Build Reading Skills? Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in 463 Classrooms
by Jonathan Guryan, James S. Kim, David M. Quinn #20689
Abstract; PDF

Are Public Sector Jobs Recession-Proof? Were They Ever?
by Jason L. Kopelman, Harvey S. Rosen #20692
Abstract; PDF

Unemployment in the Great Recession: A Comparison of Germany, Canada and the United States
by Florian Hoffmann, Thomas Lemieux #20694
Abstract; PDF

Toward an Understanding of Reference-Dependent Labor Supply: Theory and Evidence from a Field Experiment
by Steffen Andersen, Uri Gneezy, Alec Brandon, John A. List #20695
Abstract; PDF

The Emotional Consequences of Donation Opportunities
by Lara B. Aknin, Guy Mayraz, John F. Helliwell #20696
Abstract; PDF

Farms, Families, and Markets: New Evidence on Agricultural Labor Markets
by Daniel LaFave, Duncan Thomas #20699
Abstract; PDF

Public School Choice: An Economic Analysis
by Levon Barseghyan, Damon Clark, Stephen Coate #20701
Abstract; PDF

Extended Families and Child Well-being
by Daniel LaFave, Duncan Thomas #20702
Abstract; PDF

The Impact of Health Insurance Expansion on Physician Treatment Choice: Medicare Part D and Physician Prescribing
by Tianyan Hu, Sandra L. Decker, Shin-Yi Chou #20708
Abstract; PDF

House Prices, Local Demand, and Retail Prices
by Johannes Stroebel, Joseph Vavra #20710
Abstract; PDF

How Does Peer Pressure Affect Educational Investments?
by Leonardo Bursztyn, Robert Jensen #20714
Abstract; PDF

Climate Change Adaptation: Lessons from Urban Economics
by Matthew E. Kahn #20716
Abstract; PDF

Can Unemployment Insurance Spur Entrepreneurial Activity?
by David Sraer, David Thesmar, Antoinette Schoar, Johan Hombert #20717
Abstract; PDF

Pareto and Piketty: The Macroeconomics of Top Income and Wealth Inequality
by Charles I. Jones #20742
Abstract; PDF

Unemployment and Health Behaviors Over the Business Cycle: a Longitudinal View
by Gregory Colman, Dhaval Dave #20748
Abstract; PDF

Fostering and Measuring Skills: Improving Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills to Promote Lifetime Success
by Tim Kautz, James J. Heckman, Ron Diris, Bas ter Weel, Lex Borghans #20749
Abstract; PDF

Effects of Economically Mixed Neighborhoods

Emily Badger of Wonkblog writes about the surprisingly negative effects on boys growing up with wealthy neighbors. The research draws on a longitudinal study of low-income boy in the UK.

Read the article at Wonkblog here. And the abstract and full article from The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry is here.

City Limits and City Growth

Kirk Goldsberry from the FiveThirtyEight blog responses to an op-ed in the Washington Post about the changing demographics of U.S. cities.

The Washington Post argues that the growth of cities results in a loss of African-Americans. FiveThirtyEight argues that spatial growth and demographic growth are different and the way city limits are defined complicates the definition of a city’s population.

Read the Washington Post op-ed here. And the FiveThirtyEight piece here.

Mapping Social Security Benefits

Wonkblog highlights four maps created by Seth Kadish of Vizual Statistix.

The maps show … the percentage of a county‚Äôs population that receives OASDI benefits; the percentage of OASDI beneficiaries who are retired, rather than disabled; the areas where payments to men most greatly outweigh those given to women; and the average monthly OASDI payment, in hundreds of dollars.

Japan’s Fertility Is Worse than Predicted

Via Wonkblog

Japan population shrank by 268,000 in 2014, the largest reduction on record, and the government has done a terrible job at predicting it’s fertility rate.

Wonkblog post
The article is based on a WINPEC Working Paper, “Aging and Deation from a Fiscal Perspective” (PDF).