Source: The Equality of Opportunity Project
By: Raj Chetty, Nathaniel Hendren, Patrick Kline, Emmanuel Saez, Nicholas Turner
Is America the “Land of Opportunity”? In two recent studies, we find that: (1) Upward income mobility varies substantially within the U.S. Areas with greater mobility tend to have five characteristics: less segregation, less income inequality, better schools, greater social capital, and more stable families. (2) Contrary to popular perception, economic mobility has not changed significantly over time; however, it is consistently lower in the U.S. than in most developed countries.
Executive Summary (PDF) | NBER Working Paper (PDF)
New York Times Interactive Map | Washington Post Interactive Map
Related: A new survey from Pew Research Center and USA Today finds that 65% of adults believe the gap between the rich and and everyone else has grown, but disagree on government intervention.
Pew Research Press Release | Pew Research Report (PDF) | Questionnaire (PDF)
USA Today Story
by: Drew DeSilver
Source: Pew Research Center, FactTank
President Obama took on a topic yesterday that most Americans don’t like to talk about much: inequality. There are a lot of ways to measure economic inequality (and we’ll be discussing more on Fact Tank), but one basic approach is to look at how much income flows to groups at different steps on the economic ladder.
See also: Americans see growing gap between rich and poor
In the November 12, 2013 issue of the British Medical Journal “Jeroen Spijker and John MacInnes argue that current measures of population ageing are misleading and that the numbers of dependent older people in the UK and other countries have actually been falling in recent years.”
Read the full text here.
Bureau of Labor Statistics Report, October 2013 (PDF):
In 2012, the unemployment rate for the United States was 8.1 percent; however, the rate varied across race and ethnicity groups. The rates were highest for Blacks (13.8 percent) and for American Indians and Alaska Natives (12.3 percent) and lowest for Asians (5.9 percent) and for Whites (7.2 percent). The jobless rate was 10.3 percent for Hispanics, 11.8 percent for Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders, and 11.9 percent for people of Two or More Races.
Differences in labor force characteristics emerge when the race and ethnicity groups are compared. These differences reflect a variety of factors, not all of which are measurable. These factors include variations across the groups in educational attainment; the occupations and industries in which the groups work; the geographic areas of the country in which the groups are concentrated, including whether they tend to reside in urban or rural settings; and the degree of discrimination encountered in the workplace.
See also: The Workforce Is Even More Divided by Race Than you Think in The Atlantic.
From the publication website:
In 2010, more than one in eight U.S. adults ages 65 and older were foreign-born, a share that is expected to continue to grow. The U.S. elderly immigrant population rose from 2.7 million in 1990 to 4.6 million in 2010, a 70 percent increase in 20 years (see figure). This issue of Today’s Research on Aging reviews recent research examining older immigrants in the United States, conducted by National Institute on Aging (NIA)-supported researchers and others. Understanding both the unique characteristics of elderly foreign-born adults and the challenges some of them face is important as policymakers and planners address the well-being and health of the United States’ aging population.
The U.S. Foreign-Born Population Ages 65+ Increased Substantially Between 1990 and 2010.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, historical census data 1950-2000; and Current Population Survey, 2010.
Download the full report (PDF)
Wednesday, November 20, 2013, 1-2 pm.
From the announcement:
In this webinar, Jennie E. Brand, Associate Professor of Sociology and Associate Director of the California Center for Population Research (CCPR) at the University of California, Los Angeles, and Till von Wachter, Associate Professor of Economics and Faculty Affiliate of CCPR at UCLA, will discuss some of the short- and long-term consequences of job loss and unemployment for families in the United States. Their discussion will be followed by 10-15 minutes of Q&A.
This webinar is provided by PRB’s Center for Public Information on Population Research, with funding from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.
Joining the online webinar is free. Participants who choose to listen to the audio via telephone are responsible for their own standard long-distance rates.
Space is limited. Click here to register or go to (https://www1.gotomeeting.com/register/427354601)
System requirements for attending the webinar:
Required: Windows® 7, Vista, XP or 2003 Server
Required: Mac OS® X 10.6 or newer
Required: iPhone®, iPad®, Android™ phone or Android tablet
Via The New York Times
by: Timothy Williams
Large-scale destruction is well known in Detroit, but it is also underway in Baltimore, Philadelphia, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Buffalo and others at a total cost of more than $250 million. Officials are tearing down tens of thousands of vacant buildings, many habitable, as they seek to stimulate economic growth, reduce crime and blight, and increase environmental sustainability.
Full NYT story
Brookings Report (2012)
Berkeley Report (published in 2012 in the Yale Law Journal)
Posted November 11, 2013: Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne (IPFW) is accepting applications for a tenure track committee position of Assistant Professor of Sociology for the Department of Sociology, full-time position appointment to begin Fall 2014 to teach undergraduate courses in sociology. A Ph.D. in sociology is preferred for the position. Areas of expertise are open. However, preference will be given to those who can teach statistics and research methods. Salary and benefits are competitive for this position. Interested applicants should submit a letter of application, final degree transcripts, curriculum vitae, student course evaluations (if available), and three letters of reference that address the applicant’s abilities as an instructor of sociology.
Send the requested materials to: Professor Peter Iadicola, Chairperson, Department of Sociology, Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne, 2101 E.Coliseum Blvd., Fort Wayne, IN 46805-1499
Review of applicants will begin January 15, 2014 and continue until the position is filled.
Employment is contingent on a satisfactory background records check.
IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access/Affirmative Action Employer fully committed to achieving a diverse workforce.
See the posting at The Chronicle of Higher Education’s Vitae
via Chronicle of Higher Education.
By: Paul Basken
The NIH, the nation’s largest provider of basic research money to universities, has seen its budget cut so much over the last decade that scientists now have only about a 15-percent chance of a successful grant application.
In response to such budget-related stresses, NIH officials are mulling their options. Certainly the agency has been pressing Congress to provide more money. But it is also evaluating ways of being more efficient with the money it has, and that includes changing its own celebrated peer-review system for awarding grants.
Read the full story | NIH Analysis of Applications and Success Rates
The 2014 Annual Conference of the American Society on Aging will be March 11-15 in San Diego, CA. Visit the website for more information.
View the announcement online. Or download a PDF.