Author Archive for ljridley

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Race Disparity in Milwaukee

An article in NPR’s Code Switch examines racial disparities in Milwaukee, Wisconsin:

While many Rust Belt cities — Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, etc. — have similar histories of African-American struggles, Milwaukee has some of the same problems but not the same profile, mainly because it isn’t well known for its large black population at all. But blacks make up 40 percent of the city and, for many who grew up there (like me), none of this data is surprising. Milwaukee is a vibrant city known for its breweries and ethnic festivals and can be a great place to live — unless you’re black. Statistically, it is one of the worst places in the country for African-Americans to reside. Here’s a breakdown of how — and why — being black in Brew City carries a heavy burden.

Read the full article.

NBER Working Papers

Estimating the Production Function for Human Capital: Results from a Randomized Control Trial in Colombia
by Orazio Attanasio, Sarah Cattan, Emla Fitzsimons, Costas Meghir, Marta Rubio-Codina #20965
Abstract; PDF

The Wealth of Wealthholders
by John Ameriks, Andrew Caplin, Minjoon Lee, Matthew D. Shapiro, Christopher Tonetti #20972
Abstract; PDF

Long-Term Care Utility and Late in Life Saving
by John Ameriks, Joseph S. Briggs, Andrew Caplin, Matthew D. Shapiro, Christopher Tonetti #20973
Abstract; PDF

Prescription Drug Use under Medicare Part D: A Linear Model of Nonlinear Budget Sets
by Jason Abaluck, Jonathan Gruber, Ashley Swanson #20976
Abstract; PDF

Old and Young Politicians
by Alberto F. Alesina, Ugo Troiano, Traviss Cassidy #20977
Abstract; PDF

Natural Experiment Policy Evaluation: A Critique
by Christopher A. Hennessy, Ilya A. Strebulaev #20978
Abstract; PDF

Regulating Innovation with Uncertain Quality: Information, Risk, and Access in Medical Devices
by Matthew Grennan, Robert Town #20981
Abstract; PDF

Estimating Individual Ambiguity Aversion: A Simple Approach
by Uri Gneezy, Alex Imas, John List #20982
Abstract; PDF

Teachers’ Pay for Performance in the Long-Run: Effects on Students’ Educational and Labor Market Outcomes in Adulthood
by Victor Lavy #20983
Abstract; PDF

Asymmetric Information and Remittances: Evidence from Matched Administrative Data
by Thomas Joseph, Yaw Nyarko, Shing-Yi Wang #20986
Abstract; PDF

Culture, Ethnicity and Diversity
by Klaus Desmet, Ignacio Ortunyo-Ortin, Romain Wacziarg #20989
Abstract; PDF

Capitalization of Charter Schools into Residential Property Values
by Scott A. Imberman, Michael Naretta, Margaret O’Rourke #20990
Abstract; PDF

Testing for Changes in the SES-Mortality Gradient When the Distribution of Education Changes Too
by Thomas Goldring, Fabian Lange, Seth Richards-Shubik #20993
Abstract; PDF

College Access, Initial College Choice and Degree Completion
by Joshua Goodman, Michael Hurwitz, Jonathan Smith #20996
Abstract; PDF

Urban Models and Urban Center

Peter Gordon examines the way central business districts and sub-centers are defined by economists:

Following Milton Friedman’s suggestion that economic models be judged not by the plausibility of their assumptions, but by their ability to predict, Queen Elizabeth asked some of LSE’s finest why they did not see the Great Recession coming. Ouch!

U.S. Population Projections

A new U.S. Census Bureau Report analyzing U.S. population projections: Projections of the Size and Composition of the U.S. Population: 2014-2060.

From the introduction:

Between 2014 and 2060, the U.S. population is projected to increase from 319 million to 417 million, reaching 400 million in 2051. The U.S. population is projected to grow more slowly in future decades than in the recent past, as these projections assume that fertility rates will continue to decline and that there will be a modest decline in the overall rate of net international migration. By 2030, one in five Americans is projected to be 65 and over; by 2044, more than half of all Americans are projected to belong to a minority group (any group other than non-Hispanic White alone); and by 2060, nearly one in five of the nation’s total population is projected to be foreign born.

H/T: Data Detectives

NBER Working Papers

The National Rise in Residential Segregation
by Trevon Logan, John Parman #20934
Abstract; PDF

Collective Action: Experimental Evidence
by Maria Victoria Anauati, Sebastian Galiani, Gustavo Torrens, Brian Feld #20936
Abstract; PDF

Racial Disparities in Savings Behavior for a Continuously Employed Cohort
by Kai Yuan Kuan, Mark R. Cullen, Sepideh Modrek #20937
Abstract; PDF

Age, Cohort and Co-Authorship
by Daniel S. Hamermesh #20938
Abstract; PDF

Measuring Job-Finding Rates and Matching Efficiency with Heterogeneous Jobseekers
by Robert E. Hall, Sam Schulhofer-Wohl #20939
Abstract; PDF

The Impact of Intergroup Contact on Racial Attitudes and Revealed Preferences
by Scott E. Carrell, Mark Hoekstra, James E. West #20940
Abstract; PDF

Money Earlier or Later? Simple Heuristics Explain Intertemporal Choices Better than Delay Discounting
by Keith M. Ericson, John Myles White, David Laibson, Jonathan D. Cohen #20948
Abstract; PDF

Decision-Making Approaches and the Propensity to Default: Evidence and Implications
by Jeffrey R. Brown, Anne M. Farrell, Scott J. Weisbenner #20949
Abstract; PDF

Lifecycle Effects of a Recession on Health Behaviors: Boom, Bust, and Recovery in Iceland
by Tinna Laufey Asgeirsdottir, Hope Corman, Kelly Noonan, Nancy Reichman #20950
Abstract; PDF

Who Is Coming to the Artefactual Field Experiment? Participation Bias among Chinese Rural Migrants
by Paul Frijters, Tao Sherry Kong, Elaine M. Liu #20953
Abstract; PDF

The Great Recession, Retirement and Related Outcomes
by Alan L. Gustman, Thomas L. Steinmeier, Nahid Tabatabai #20960
Abstract; PDF

Analyzing the Labor Market Outcomes of Occupational Licensing
by Maury Gittleman, Mark A. Klee, Morris M. Kleiner #20961
Abstract; PDF

Affirmative Action and the Quality-Fit Tradeoff
by Peter Arcidiacono, Michael Lovenheim #20962
Abstract; PDF

Systemic Risk and the Macroeconomy: An Empirical Evaluation
by Stefano Giglio, Bryan T. Kelly, Seth Pruitt #20963
Abstract; PDF

Robert Putnam On Growing Up Poor

An article in Wonkblog explores Robert Putnam’s new book Our Kids: The American Dream in Crisis and the influence he has had on politicians as diverse as President Obama and congressman Paul Ryan.

From the article:

For the past three years, Putnam has been nursing an outlandish ambition. He wants inequality of opportunity for kids to be the central issue in the 2016 presidential election. Not how big government should be or what the “fair share” is for the wealthy, but what’s happening to children boxed out of the American dream.

His manifesto, “ Our Kids: The American Dream in Crisis” will be published Tuesday. It places brain science, sociology and census data alongside stories of children growing up on both sides of the divide. Many of the findings draw on the work of other researchers who have long studied families, education or neuroscience. But Putnam has gathered up these strands under a single thesis: that instead of talking about inequality of wealth or income among adults, we ought to focus on inequalities in all of the ways children accumulate — or never touch — opportunity.

NBER Working Papers

Wage Inequality and Firm Growth
by Holger M. Mueller, Paige P. Ouimet, Elena Simintzi #20876
Abstract; PDF

Do Natural Field Experiments Afford Researchers More or Less Control than Laboratory Experiments? A Simple Model
by Omar Al-Ubaydli, John A. List #20877
Abstract; PDF

The Impact of Unemployment Benefit Extensions on Employment: The 2014 Employment Miracle?
by Marcus Hagedorn, Iourii Manovskii, Kurt Mitman #20884
Abstract; PDF

What Do Longitudinal Data on Millions of Hospital Visits Tell us About The Value of Public Health Insurance as a Safety Net for the Young and Privately Insured?
by Amanda E. Kowalski #20887
Abstract; PDF

Can Online Learning Bend the Higher Education Cost Curve?
by David J. Deming, Claudia Goldin, Lawrence F. Katz, Noam Yuchtman #20890
Abstract; PDF

Informal Employment in a Growing and Globalizing Low-income Country
by Brian McCaig, Nina Pavcnik #20891
Abstract; PDF

Can Changing Economic Factors Explain the Rise in Obesity?
by Charles J. Courtemanche, Joshua C. Pinkston, Christopher J. Ruhm, George Wehby #20892
Abstract; PDF

Understanding Heterogeneity in the Effects of Birth Weight on Adult Cognition and Wages
by C. Justin Cook, Jason M. Fletcher #20895
Abstract; PDF

On the Origins of Dishonesty: From Parents to Children
by Daniel Houser, John A. List, Marco Piovesan, Anya Savikhin Samek, Joachim Winter #20897
Abstract; PDF

Synthesizing Econometric Evidence: The Case of Demand Elasticity Estimates
by Philip DeCicca, Donald S. Kenkel #20906
Abstract; PDF

Does Competition Eliminate Discrimination? Evidence from the Commercial Sex Market in Singapore
by Huailu Li, Kevin Lang, Kaiwen Leong #20911
Abstract; PDF

What Do Data on Millions of U.S. Workers Reveal about Life-Cycle Earnings Risk?
by Fatih Guvenen, Fatih Karahan, Serdar Ozkan, Jae Song #20913
Abstract; PDF

Disability Insurance Incentives and the Retirement Decision: Evidence from the U.S.
by Courtney Coile #20916
Abstract; PDF

Motivation and Incentives in Education: Evidence from a Summer Reading Experiment
by Jonathan Guryan, James S. Kim, Kyung Park #20918
Abstract; PDF

Age and the Trying Out of New Ideas
by Mikko Packalen, Jay Bhattacharya #20920
Abstract; PDF

Cities and Ideas
by Mikko Packalen, Jay Bhattacharya #20921 (DAE HC HE PR)
Abstract; PDF

Patient Responses to Incentives in Consumer-directed Health Plans: Evidence from Pharmaceuticals
by Peter J. Huckfeldt, Amelia Haviland, Ateev Mehrotra, Zachary Wagner, Neeraj Sood #20927
Abstract; PDF

Behavioral Economics and Public Policy: A Pragmatic Perspective
by Raj Chetty #20928
Abstract; PDF

Childhood Medicaid Coverage and Later Life Health Care Utilization
by Laura R. Wherry, Sarah Miller, Robert Kaestner, Bruce D. Meyer #20929
Abstract; PDF

Veterans’ Labor Force Participation: What Role Does the VA’s Disability Compensation Program Play?
by Courtney Coile, Mark Duggan, Audrey Guo #20932
Abstract; PDF

Population Trends in U.S. Cities

A new U.S. Census Current Population Report (PDF) examines the ways populations in U.S. cities changed between 2010 and 2013.

From the introduction:

Nearly two-thirds of Americans live in incorporated places, commonly referred to as cities. As the majority of the nation’s population lives in cities, patterns of population change among cities and the social and economic conditions affecting them often represent national trends. Using data from the 2000 and 2010 censuses and 2013 population estimates, this report examines the population in cities and highlights how city populations changed between 2000 and 2010, and between 2010 and 2013. The report discusses the distribution of the population in cities by region, state, and city population size. It also highlights the fastest growing cities, city population densities, annexation, and new incorporations between 2010 and 2013.

The New York State Data Center Affiliates wrote this report up in a March 4 post for their Data Detectives blog.

Time Use of the Nonemployed

Josh Katz of the NYTimes blog The Upshot pulled data from the American Time Use Survey to examine how nonemployed men and women spend their weekdays:

Nonworkers spend much more time doing housework. Men without jobs, in particular, spend more time watching television, while women without jobs spend more time taking care of others. And the nonemployed of both sexes spend more time sleeping than their employed counterparts.

Read the whole article, including interactive charts and graphs.

Trends in Religious Restrictions and Hostilities

The Pew Research Center has released a new report (PDF) analyzing governmental and societal impingement on religious beliefs and practices.

This article looks at the overall trends. And this article examines the restrictions and hostilities in the most populous countries.