Author Archive for ljridley

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Age Gaps for Second Marriages

The Pew Research Center analyzed data from the 2013 American Community Survey and discovered the cliche is true: a man is more likely to marry much a younger woman the second time around.

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Chicago’s Summer Jobs Program Lowers Violent Crime Rate

By: Emily Badger
Via: Wonkblog

A couple of years ago, the city of Chicago started a summer jobs program for teenagers attending high schools in some of the city’s high-crime, low-income neighborhoods. The program was meant, of course, to connect students to work. But officials also hoped that it might curb the kinds of problems — like higher crime — that arise when there’s no work to be found.

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Research on the program was conducted by the University of Chicago Crime Lab and published in the journal Science.

Persistence of Neighborhood Poverty

By: Emily Badger
Via: Washington Post Wonkblog

Despite their ubiquity in the media, gentrifying neighborhoods that evolve over time from low-income to well-off are quite rare. It is far, far more common that once-poor neighborhoods stay that way over time — or, worse, that they grow poorer.

The article is based on the report “Lost in Place” (PDF) by Joe Cortright and Dillon Mahmoudi for City Observatory

See also Marketplace’s series, York & Fig, on neighborhood gentrification.

Alcohol’s Hold on Campus: Report from the Chronicle of Higher Education

Alcohol is an entrenched reality of campus life. Read and share this collection of articles on college drinking to inform colleagues and campus discussions, beginning with “A River of Booze: Inside one college town’s uneasy embrace of drinking” by Karin Fischer and Eric Hoover.

White Segregation Decreases As Black Segregation Remains Common

By Dan Keating
Source: Wonkblog

Over the past 20 years, whites and blacks have experienced opposite trends in segregation. Asians, Hispanics and blacks are moving into historically white neighborhoods. Vastly fewer whites live surrounded by just other white people. Whites look around and see multi-ethnic neighbors. They perceive expanded opportunity and integration because that is what they see. And they think everyone else is experiencing the same things.

But a Washington Post analysis of Census data shows that the experience in historically African American neighborhoods of major cities has been far different, as they have remained heavily isolated. Whites, Asians and Hispanics are not moving into those neighborhoods, and blacks who remain there experience persistent segregation.

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Counting Same-Sex Couples

Both the Pew Research Center and the FiveThirtyEight blog have done write up about the trouble the U.S. Census has counting same-sex couples.

Pew’s story (which came out in September) discusses the way gender reporting on the census confounds the data.

The story in FiveThirtyEight reports on how the Census Bureau is working to make it’s questions gather more accurate data.

Growing Numbers of Americans Are Remarrying

Four-in-Ten Couples are Saying “I Do,” Again
By Gretchen Livingston
Source: Pew Research Social & Demographic Trends

In 2013, fully four-in-ten new marriages included at least one partner who had been married before, and two-in-ten new marriages were between people who had both previously stepped down the aisle, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of newly released data from the U.S. Census Bureau.

Complete Report (PDF)

See also:
“The New American Family” in the ISR Sampler and Pam Smock’s interview on Stateside about the changing American Family

The Changing Geography of Immigration

Unauthorized Immigrant Totals Rise in 7 States, Fall in 14
By Jefferey S. Passel and D’Vera Cohn
Source: Pew Research Hispanic Trends Project

The U.S. unauthorized immigrant population has leveled off nationally after the Great Recession, but state trends have been more volatile. From 2009 to 2012, according to new Pew Research Center estimates, the population of unauthorized immigrants rose in seven states and fell in 14.

Complete Report (PDF)

See also:

Expansion of Free Lunch Could Have a Negative Effect on Research Data

By: Ben Wieder
Source: FiveThirtyEight

A new federal initiative that could provide millions of students with a free lunch might have an unexpected cost for researchers and state educational agencies.

“It’s obviously good for kids, but from a pure data perspective it provides some weaknesses,” said Brandon LeBeau, an assistant professor at the University of Iowa’s College of Education who has studied the use of free lunch eligibility in education research.

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New NBER Working Papers

Will They Take the Money and Work? An Empirical Analysis of People’s Willingness to Delay Claiming Social Security Benefits for a Lump Sum
by Raimond Maurer, Olivia S. Mitchell, Ralph Rogalla, Tatjana Schimetschek #20614
Abstract; PDF

More on Recent Evidence on the Effects of Minimum Wages in the United States
by David Neumark, J.M. Ian Salas, William Wascher #20619
Abstract; PDF

Estimation of Dynamic Discrete Choice Models by Maximum Likelihood and the Simulated Method of Moments
by Phillipp Eisenhauer, James J. Heckman, Stefano Mosso #20622
Abstract; PDF

Wealth Inequality in the United States since 1913: Evidence from Capitalized Income Tax Data
by Emmanuel Saez, Gabriel Zucman #20625
Abstract; PDF

What Should I Be When I Grow Up? Occupations and Unemployment over the Life Cycle
by Martin Gervais, Nir Jaimovich, Henry E. Siu, Yaniv Yedid-Levi #20628
Abstract; PDF

Affirmative Action and Stereotypes in Higher Education Admissions
by Prasad Krishnamurthy, Aaron Edlin #20629
Abstract; PDF

Family Planning: Program Effects
by Grant Miller, Kimberly Singer Babiarz #20586
Abstract; PDF

The Contribution of Behavior Change and Public Health to Improved U.S. Population Health
by Susan T. Stewart, David M. Cutler #20631
Abstract; PDF

A Schumpeterian Model of Top Income Inequality
by Charles I. Jones, Jihee Kim #20637
Abstract; PDF

Inputs in the Production of Early Childhood Human Capital: Evidence from Head Start
by Christopher Walters #20639
Abstract; PDF

The Demand for Effective Charter Schools
by Christopher R. Walters #20640
Abstract; PDF

The Evolution of Charter School Quality
by Patrick L. Baude, Marcus Casey, Eric A. Hanushek, Steven G. Rivkin #20645
Abstract; PDF

The Long Run Human Capital and Economic Consequences of High-Stakes Examinations
by Victor Lavy, Avraham Ebenstein, Sefi Roth #20647
Abstract; PDF

Do Beliefs Justify Actions or Do Actions Justify Beliefs? An Experiment on Stated Beliefs, Revealed Beliefs, and Social-Image Manipulation
by James Andreoni, Alison Sanchez #20649
Abstract; PDF

The War on Poverty’s Experiment in Public Medicine: Community Health Centers and the Mortality of Older Americans
by Martha J. Bailey, Andrew Goodman-Bacon #20653
Abstract; PDF

Is it all worth it? The experiences of new PhDs on the job market, 2007-2010
by Brooke Helppie McFall, Marta Murray-Close, Robert J. Willis #20654
Abstract; PDF

Political Polarization, Anticipated Health Insurance Uptake and Individual Mandate: A view from the Washington State
by Anirban Basu, Norma B. Coe, David E. Grembowski, Larry Kessler #20655
Abstract; PDF

Validating Teacher Effect Estimates Using Changes in Teacher Assignments in Los Angeles
by Andrew Bacher-Hicks, Thomas J. Kane, Douglas O. Staiger #20657
Abstract; PDF

Gray Matters: Fetal Pollution Exposure and Human Capital Formation
by Prashant Bharadwaj, Joshua Graff Zivin, Matthew Gibson, Christopher A. Neilson #20662
Abstract; PDF

Does Management Matter in Schools
by Nicholas Bloom, Renata Lemos, Raffaella Sadun, John Van Reenen #20667
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of High-Skilled Immigration on Patenting and Employment: Evidence from H-1B Visa Lotteries
by Kirk Doran, Alexander Gelber, Adam Isen #20668
Abstract; PDF

Social Investments, Informal Risk Sharing, and Inequality
by Attila Ambrus, Arun G. Chandrasekhar, Matt Elliott #20669
Abstract; PDF