Archive for the 'New Resources' Category

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New Book Acquisitions

HIV prevalence estimates from the demographic and health surveys
By: Erica Nybro, Bernard Barrère. 2008.

HIV tests among thousands of men and women provide a sobering look at the international epidemic. A new publication, HIV Prevalence Estimates from the Demographic and Health Surveys, summarizes the results of population-based HIV tests in 28 countries among more than 400,000 men and women worldwide.

Starting in 2001, the MEASURE DHS project included blood tests for HIV in its national surveys, leading world experts to readjust international estimates of HIV prevalence. While this readjustment lowered the estimates of HIV infection worldwide, the new report describes the international burden of the epidemic with prevalence rates ranging from less than one percent in Asia and West Africa to almost 26 percent in Swaziland. Southern Africa is by far the most affected region. About one in four adults is infected in Lesotho and Swaziland and 18 percent in Zimbabwe. Less than one percent of the population is infected in the three Asian countries with DHS-based HIV estimates-India, Cambodia, and Vietnam. In India, however, less than one percent means that close to 2 million people age 15-49 are infected with HIV.

Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide
By: Pippa Norris and Ronald Inglehart. 2004.

Seminal thinkers of the nineteenth century — Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, Karl Marx, and Sigmund Freud — all predicted that religion would gradually fade in importance and cease to be significant with the emergence of industrial society. The belief that religion was dying became the conventional wisdom in the social sciences during most of the twentieth century. During the last decade, however, the secularization thesis has experienced the most sustained challenge in its long history. The traditional secularization thesis needs updating. Religion has not disappeared and is unlikely to do so. Nevertheless, the concept of secularization captures an important part of what is going on. This book develops a theory of secularization and existential security. Sacred and Secular is essential reading for anyone interested in comparative religion, sociology, public opinion, political behavior, political development, social psychology, international relations, and cultural change.

Assessing Organizational Change: A Guide to Methods, Measures, and Practices
Stanley E. Seashore, Edward E. Lawler III, Philip H. Mirvis, Cortlandt Cammann. 1983.

From the preface: This book is about assessing organizational change. It is a progress report on the results of a multiyear large-scale effort to develop measures, methods, and practices to measure change. To a significant degree it is a how-to book that contains a wide range of measurement instruments, observation techniques, and analytical methods.

A biologist’s guide to mathematical modeling in ecology and evolution
Sarah P. Otto, Troy Day. 2007.

Thirty years ago, biologists could get by with a rudimentary grasp of mathematics and modeling. Not so today. In seeking to answer fundamental questions about how biological systems function and change over time, the modern biologist is as likely to rely on sophisticated mathematical and computer-based models as traditional fieldwork. In this book, Sarah Otto and Troy Day provide biology students with the tools necessary to both interpret models and to build their own.

The book starts at an elementary level of mathematical modeling, assuming that the reader has had high school mathematics and first-year calculus. Otto and Day then gradually build in depth and complexity, from classic models in ecology and evolution to more intricate class-structured and probabilistic models. The authors provide primers with instructive exercises to introduce readers to the more advanced subjects of linear algebra and probability theory. Through examples, they describe how models have been used to understand such topics as the spread of HIV, chaos, the age structure of a country, speciation, and extinction.

Ecologists and evolutionary biologists today need enough mathematical training to be able to assess the power and limits of biological models and to develop theories and models themselves. This innovative book will be an indispensable guide to the world of mathematical models for the next generation of biologists.

Gender and Ageing: Changing Roles and Relationships
Sara Arber, Kate Davidson, Jay Ginn. 2003.

This book is a follow-up to Arber and Ginn’s award winning Connecting Gender and Ageing (1995). It contains original chapters from eminent writers on gender and ageing, addressing newly emergent areas within gender and ageing, including gender identity and masculinity in later life. Early work on gender and ageing was dominated by a focus on older women. The present collection breaks with this tradition by emphasizing changing gender roles and relationships, gender identity and an examination of masculinities in midlife and later life.

A key theme running through the book is the need to reconceptualize partnership status, in order to understand the implications for women and men of widowhood, divorce and new forms of relationships, such as Living Apart Together (LAT-relationships). Another is the influence of socio-economic circumstances on how ageing is experienced and transitions are negotiated.

The book illustrates new ways of thinking about old age and indicates policy implications, especially concerning the nature of service provision for older people. It will change the ways in which social scientists conceptualize later life.

Written with undergraduate students and researchers in mind, Gender and Ageing: Changing Roles and Relationships will be an invaluable text for those studying social gerontology, sociology of later life, gender studies, health and community care and social policy.

Demographic Challenges for the 21st Century: A State of the Art in Demography
Johan Surkyn, Patrick Deboosere, Jan Van Bavel. 2008.

Inspired by the work of Ron Lesthaeghe, retired Belgian professor of demography and social science research methodology, this collection of contributions is also based on a conference entitled “Demographic Challenges for the 21st Century: A State of the Art in Demography.” During Ron Lesthaeghe’s tenure, he established himself as a scholar, publishing highly influential work that changed the face of demography and founded the research group, Interface Demography. Most of his research was in the various subfields of demography: historical, social, and economic, and mainly covered populations of Europe and of sub-Saharan Africa. He also researched the fields of cultural change in Europe and of ethnic minority studies. This book offers a collection of tributes to his contribution to demography, presented by leading international demographers.

Selected new articles from PSC researchers

Thornton, R. L. (2008). The Demand for, and Impact of, Learning HIV Status. American Economic Review, 98(5), 1829-1863.
Zeng, Z., & Xie, Y. (2008). A Preference-Opportunity-Choice Framework with ApplicatiThornton, R. L. (2008). The Demand for, and Impact of, Learning HIV Status. American Economic Review, 98(5), 1829-1863.

Zeng, Z., & Xie, Y. (2008). A Preference-Opportunity-Choice Framework with Applications to Intergroup Friendship. American Journal of Sociology, 114(3), 615-648.

Marteleto, L., Lam, D., & Ranchhod, V. (2008). Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy, and Schooling Among Young People in Urban South Africa. Studies in Family Planning, 39(4), 351-368.

Song, S., & Burgard, S. A. (2008). Does son preference influence children’s growth in height? A comparative study of Chinese and Filipino children. Population Studies-a Journal of Demography, 62(3), 305-320.

Freedman, V. A., Grafova, I. B., Schoeni, R. F., & Rogowski, J. (2008). Neighborhoods and disability in later life. Social Science & Medicine, 66(11), 2253-2267.
ons to Intergroup Friendship. American Journal of Sociology, 114(3), 615-648.
Marteleto, L., Lam, D., & Ranchhod, V. (2008). Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy, and Schooling Among Young People in Urban South Africa. Studies in Family Planning, 39(4), 351-368.
Song, S., & Burgard, S. A. (2008). Does son preference influence children’s growth in height? A comparative study of Chinese and Filipino children. Population Studies-a Journal of Demography, 62(3), 305-320.
Freedman, V. A., Grafova, I. B., Schoeni, R. F., & Rogowski, J. (2008). Neighborhoods and disability in later life. Social Science & Medicine, 66(11), 2253-2267.

Open Access Week at the University Library

Open Access Week at the University Library
The University of Michigan University Library is hosting a week-long, campus-wide exploration of Open Access during the month of March. We define Open Access as free, permanent, full-text, online access to peer-reviewed scientific and scholarly material. The series of events will bring together scholars, publishers, authors, copyright experts, and librarians from a range of disciplines to discuss the impact of Open Access on academic research and publishing.

Mini-Digest of Education Statistics, 2008

Mini-Digest of Education Statistics, 2008
Source: National Center for Education Statistics
This publication is a pocket-sized compilation of statistical information covering the broad field of American education from kindergarten through graduate school. The statistical highlights are excerpts from the Digest of Education of Statistics, 2008.
Full document (PDF)
Edited to add:
The full Digest of Education Statistics, 2008 is now available. Download chapters or Full Document (PDF)

New Book Acquisitions

Demographic Challenges for the 21st Century: A State of the Art in Demography
Edited by: Johan Surkyn, Patrick Deboosere and Jan Van Bavel

In February 2007, a conference entitled ’Demographic Challenges for the 21st Century: A state of the Art in Demography’ was organised at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel in honour of Ron Lesthaeghe, who had recently retired from this institution as a professor in demography and social science research methodology. During the 35 years Ron Lesthaeghe worked at the university, he established himself as a passionate researcher in many fields, as a gifted teacher who enthused several generations of students, and as a scholar publishing highly influential work which has changed the face of demography.

This book offers a collection of contributions, presented by friends and colleagues on the occasion of that conference. Therefore it is not a Liber Amicorum that concentrates on personal impressions. Instead, it is inspired by Ron Lesthaeghe’s work and covers many of the fields he was engaged in, together with the research group ’Interface Demography’ which he founded in the late 1980’s. In addition, a tribute from Frans Willekens opens this volume with a brief precis of his academic biography and the significance of his contribution to demography.

Health, United States, 2008

Health, United States, 2008
From the Center for Disease Control

Press Release:

Health Habits of Adults Aged 18-29 Highlighted in Report on Nation′s Health

Young adults in the United States aged 18-29 face a number of health challenges, including increases in obesity, high injury rates, and lack of insurance coverage compared to older adults, according to the latest report on the nation′s health.

Health, United States: 2008 is the 32nd annual edition of the report prepared by CDC′s National Center for Health Statistics, and includes a compilation of health data from a number of sources within the federal government and in the private sector. The report uses the most current data available at the time of publication.

This year′s edition features a special section on adults aged 18 to 29, a group making many life choices including decisions about education, marriage, childbearing, and health behaviors such as tobacco and alcohol use, which will affect both their future economic and health status.

Highlights of the report:

* Obesity rates have tripled among young adults in the past three decades, from 8 percent in 1971-1974 to 24 percent in 2005-2006.
* In 2006, 29 percent of young men were current cigarette smokers, compared to 21 percent of young adult women. Between 1997 and 2006, the percentage of women 18–29 years of age who currently smoked cigarettes declined nearly 20 percent. Current smoking did not decline significantly among young men.
* In 2005, unintentional injuries or accidents, homicide, and suicide accounted for 70 percent of deaths among young adults 18–29 years of age. Three-quarters of the 47,000 deaths in this age group occurred among young men. Young adults also have the highest rate of injury-related emergency department visits of all age groups.
* In 1999–2004, almost 9 percent of adults aged 20–29 reported having major depression, generalized anxiety disorder, or panic disorder in the past 12 months.
* In 2006, adults aged 20–24 were more likely to be uninsured (34 percent) than those aged 18–19 (21 percent) and 25–29 (29 percent).
* In 2004–2006, 17 percent of adults aged 18–29 reported needing but not receiving one or more of the following services in the past year because they could not afford them: medical care, prescription medicines, mental health care, or eyeglasses.

The full report contains 151 data tables in addition to the special feature on young adults. The tables cover the spectrum of health topics, serving as a comprehensive snapshot of the nation′s health.

Other highlights:

* In 2006, American men could expect to live 3.6 years longer, and women 1.9 years longer, than they did in 1990. Death rates from heart disease, stroke and cancer have continued to decline in recent years.
* Sixty-five percent of men and 80 percent of women aged 75 and older reported having high blood pressure or were taking high blood pressure medication in 2003–2006, compared to about 36 percent of adults aged 45–54.
* The proportion of the population with high cholesterol levels has been dropping, in large part due to increased use of cholesterol-lowering drugs. In 2003–2006, 16 percent of adults had high cholesterol. Women aged 55 and over were much more likely to have high cholesterol than their male counterparts.
* Approximately 25 percent of adults aged 60 and over had diabetes in 2003-2006.
* Obesity rates do not appear to be increasing as rapidly as they did in past decades, but remain high, with over a third of adults age 20 and over considered to be obese in 2005–2006.

Preliminary Health, United States, 2008 Website
Full report (PDF)

CSCAR Workshops

Introduction to Stata: Feb 16 – 27, M/W/F mornings.
Intermediate Topics in SPSS: Data Management and Macros: Feb 17 and 19, T/TH mornings.
Using ArcGIS: Mar 3 and 5, T/TH 2 full days.
Introduction to NVivo: Mar 4, W all day.
Health Measurement: Mar 6, F all day.
Intermediate SAS: Mar 9, 11, 13, M/W/F mornings.
Intermediate Topics in SPSS: Advanced Statistical Models: Mar 10 and 12, T/TH mornings.
Randomized Controlled Trials: Mar 23, M all day.
Introduction to SPSS: Mar 24 – 27, T/W/TH/F afternoons.
Determining Sufficient Sample Size: Apr 3, F all day.
Spring:
Multivariate Techniques – Logistic Regression and Related Techniques. Apr 28, T all day.
Multivariate Techniques – Data Reduction. Apr 29, W all day.
Applied Structural Equation Modeling: May 4 – 6, M/T/W all day.
Applied Survival Analysis. May 7 and 8, TH/F 2 full days.
Introduction to Proc Mixed: May 11 and 12, M/W 2 full days.
Applications of Hierarchical Linear Models: May 18, 19, 20, M/T/W 3 full days.
Text Mining with Common Digital Documents: May 21, TH all day.
Comparative Studies: Matching , Adjustment, and Propensity Scores: May 27, W all day.
Meta-Analysis: May 28, TH all day.
For fees and registration, see
http://www.umich.edu/~cscar/workshops/index.html

New Book Acquisitions

Intergenerational Caregiving
Edited by: Alan Booth, Ann C. Crouter, Suzanne M. Bianchi, and Judith A. Seltzer

Dramatic changes in the American family have transformed the way we care for its oldest and youngest members. Nuclear families have become smaller as childbearing has declined, but extended families have become larger as life expectancy grows. Divorce, extramarital childbearing, cohabitation, and remarriage, have increased our number of kin but often complicate relationships and diffuse responsibility for care. Further, women s increasing participation in the workforce has meant that previous generations must reevaluate their assumptions about caregivers. In Intergenerational Caregiving, an interdisciplinary group of scholars considers our changing family relationships and their effect on social policies. Caregiving and its effects on families relationships and resources are examined from economic, sociological, anthropological and psychological perspectives, and chapters on both elders and children with disabilities are included.

Family in the Middle East: Ideational change in Egypt, Iran, and Tunisia
By: Kathryn M. Yount and Hoda Rashad

Examines, in comparative perspective, the different ideals about family and society and how they have impacted on real family life across a number of countries in the Middle East.

Worlds in Motion: Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millennium
By: Douglas S. Massey, Joaquin Arango, Graeme Hugo, and Ali Kouaouci

The twentieth century has seen immense worldwide shifts in population. Whether it is Europe to North America, the Carribean to the United Kingdom, or East Asia to Australia, migration is one of the major factors that influences the global political and economic situation. By applying systematic theoretical frameworks to detailed empirical data, Worlds in Motion provides a unique overview of not only where migration occurs, and how it works, but crucially details the major factors that influence international population movement.

Coverage Measurement in the 2010 Census
By: Robert M. Bell, Michael L. Cohen and National Research Council Committee on National Statistics

The census coverage measurement programs have historically addressed three primary objectives: to inform users about the quality of the census counts; to help identify sources of error to improve census taking, and to provide alternative counts based on information from the coverage measurement program. In planning the 1990 and 2000 censuses, the main objective was to produce alternative counts based on the measurement of net coverage error. For the 2010 census coverage measurement program, the Census Bureau will deemphasize that goal, and is instead planning to focus on the second goal of improving census processes. This book, which details the findings of the National Research Council’s Panel on Coverage Evaluation and Correlation Bias, strongly supports the Census Bureau’s change in goal. However, the panel finds that the current plans for data collection, data analysis, and data products are still too oriented towards measurement of net coverage error to fully exploit this new focus. Although the Census Bureau has taken several important steps to revise data collection and analysis procedures and data products, this book recommends further steps to enhance the value of coverage measurement for the improvement of future census processes.

Working After Welfare: How Women Balance Jobs and Family in the Wake of Welfare Reform
By: Kristin Seefeldt

How to balance work and family issues has become a major issue for women across the country in all income classes, but especially so for single mothers who were formerly on welfare. This book, tapping into the quantitative and qualitative evidence gathered in the Women’s Employment Study (WES), offers insights into the lives of women in an urban Michigan county who left welfare for work and the role their family decisions play in their labor market decisions.

Intraindividual Processes (Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology)
Edited by: Abraham Tesser and Norbert Schwarz

This state of the art overview of intraindividual processes covers social cognition, attitudes, and social motivation. It will be useful for students with some knowledge of social psychology who want an overview and for researchers as an authoritative definition of the field that also indicates likely future trends.

The handbook includes contributions by academics and researchers from around the world to ensure a truly international perspective. After outlining a set of integrative perspectives: evolutionary and cultural, developmental, and methodological, it goes on to provide an in-depth treatment of current research on social cognition and social motivation. The handbook concludes with chapters devoted to research on applying cognitive and motivational principles. Fully referenced chapters and bibliographies allow easy access to further study.

Tech Deck in the Undergraduate Library

Are you working on a project that requires you or your class group to create

•a video production
•a poster
•a web site
•a PowerPoint presentation
or other media-rich content?

Do you or your study group need access to, and help in using

•color scanners
•large scale poster printing
•media conversion station, including VCR/DVD and digital tape deck
•high end graphics software
•online research and presentation tools such as RefWorks, CTools, Flickr, and mBlog and other media and knowledge production resources?

Then the new Tech Deck on the first floor of the Undergraduate Library should be your next stop!

New Database: Global Health

The UM Health Sciences Libraries have licensed access to the database Global Health on the EBSCO platform for the UM Ann Arbor campus. Access is available at: http://searchtools.lib.umich.edu/V?func=native-link&resource=UMI03641
Global Health is a public health database that provides information on international health, biomedical life sciences, non-communicable diseases, public health nutrition, food safety and hygiene, and much more. The database provides a global perspective with coverage of publications from over 158 countries in 50 languages. Global Health contains more than 1.2 million records dating back to 1973, with coverage of more than 5,000 serials, books, book chapters, reports, conference proceedings, discussion papers, newsletters, patents, theses, and electronic publications. This resource complements the international health-related literature indexed within Medline and Embase with 60% of the indexed journals unique to the Global Health database. Also included is the Global Health Archive, consisting of 800,000 records from 1910-1973.