Archive for the 'New Resources' Category

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New Book Acquisitions

Demographic Challenges for the 21st Century: A State of the Art in Demography
Edited by: Johan Surkyn, Patrick Deboosere and Jan Van Bavel

In February 2007, a conference entitled ’Demographic Challenges for the 21st Century: A state of the Art in Demography’ was organised at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel in honour of Ron Lesthaeghe, who had recently retired from this institution as a professor in demography and social science research methodology. During the 35 years Ron Lesthaeghe worked at the university, he established himself as a passionate researcher in many fields, as a gifted teacher who enthused several generations of students, and as a scholar publishing highly influential work which has changed the face of demography.

This book offers a collection of contributions, presented by friends and colleagues on the occasion of that conference. Therefore it is not a Liber Amicorum that concentrates on personal impressions. Instead, it is inspired by Ron Lesthaeghe’s work and covers many of the fields he was engaged in, together with the research group ’Interface Demography’ which he founded in the late 1980’s. In addition, a tribute from Frans Willekens opens this volume with a brief precis of his academic biography and the significance of his contribution to demography.

Health, United States, 2008

Health, United States, 2008
From the Center for Disease Control

Press Release:

Health Habits of Adults Aged 18-29 Highlighted in Report on Nation′s Health

Young adults in the United States aged 18-29 face a number of health challenges, including increases in obesity, high injury rates, and lack of insurance coverage compared to older adults, according to the latest report on the nation′s health.

Health, United States: 2008 is the 32nd annual edition of the report prepared by CDC′s National Center for Health Statistics, and includes a compilation of health data from a number of sources within the federal government and in the private sector. The report uses the most current data available at the time of publication.

This year′s edition features a special section on adults aged 18 to 29, a group making many life choices including decisions about education, marriage, childbearing, and health behaviors such as tobacco and alcohol use, which will affect both their future economic and health status.

Highlights of the report:

* Obesity rates have tripled among young adults in the past three decades, from 8 percent in 1971-1974 to 24 percent in 2005-2006.
* In 2006, 29 percent of young men were current cigarette smokers, compared to 21 percent of young adult women. Between 1997 and 2006, the percentage of women 18–29 years of age who currently smoked cigarettes declined nearly 20 percent. Current smoking did not decline significantly among young men.
* In 2005, unintentional injuries or accidents, homicide, and suicide accounted for 70 percent of deaths among young adults 18–29 years of age. Three-quarters of the 47,000 deaths in this age group occurred among young men. Young adults also have the highest rate of injury-related emergency department visits of all age groups.
* In 1999–2004, almost 9 percent of adults aged 20–29 reported having major depression, generalized anxiety disorder, or panic disorder in the past 12 months.
* In 2006, adults aged 20–24 were more likely to be uninsured (34 percent) than those aged 18–19 (21 percent) and 25–29 (29 percent).
* In 2004–2006, 17 percent of adults aged 18–29 reported needing but not receiving one or more of the following services in the past year because they could not afford them: medical care, prescription medicines, mental health care, or eyeglasses.

The full report contains 151 data tables in addition to the special feature on young adults. The tables cover the spectrum of health topics, serving as a comprehensive snapshot of the nation′s health.

Other highlights:

* In 2006, American men could expect to live 3.6 years longer, and women 1.9 years longer, than they did in 1990. Death rates from heart disease, stroke and cancer have continued to decline in recent years.
* Sixty-five percent of men and 80 percent of women aged 75 and older reported having high blood pressure or were taking high blood pressure medication in 2003–2006, compared to about 36 percent of adults aged 45–54.
* The proportion of the population with high cholesterol levels has been dropping, in large part due to increased use of cholesterol-lowering drugs. In 2003–2006, 16 percent of adults had high cholesterol. Women aged 55 and over were much more likely to have high cholesterol than their male counterparts.
* Approximately 25 percent of adults aged 60 and over had diabetes in 2003-2006.
* Obesity rates do not appear to be increasing as rapidly as they did in past decades, but remain high, with over a third of adults age 20 and over considered to be obese in 2005–2006.

Preliminary Health, United States, 2008 Website
Full report (PDF)

CSCAR Workshops

Introduction to Stata: Feb 16 – 27, M/W/F mornings.
Intermediate Topics in SPSS: Data Management and Macros: Feb 17 and 19, T/TH mornings.
Using ArcGIS: Mar 3 and 5, T/TH 2 full days.
Introduction to NVivo: Mar 4, W all day.
Health Measurement: Mar 6, F all day.
Intermediate SAS: Mar 9, 11, 13, M/W/F mornings.
Intermediate Topics in SPSS: Advanced Statistical Models: Mar 10 and 12, T/TH mornings.
Randomized Controlled Trials: Mar 23, M all day.
Introduction to SPSS: Mar 24 – 27, T/W/TH/F afternoons.
Determining Sufficient Sample Size: Apr 3, F all day.
Spring:
Multivariate Techniques – Logistic Regression and Related Techniques. Apr 28, T all day.
Multivariate Techniques – Data Reduction. Apr 29, W all day.
Applied Structural Equation Modeling: May 4 – 6, M/T/W all day.
Applied Survival Analysis. May 7 and 8, TH/F 2 full days.
Introduction to Proc Mixed: May 11 and 12, M/W 2 full days.
Applications of Hierarchical Linear Models: May 18, 19, 20, M/T/W 3 full days.
Text Mining with Common Digital Documents: May 21, TH all day.
Comparative Studies: Matching , Adjustment, and Propensity Scores: May 27, W all day.
Meta-Analysis: May 28, TH all day.
For fees and registration, see
http://www.umich.edu/~cscar/workshops/index.html

New Book Acquisitions

Intergenerational Caregiving
Edited by: Alan Booth, Ann C. Crouter, Suzanne M. Bianchi, and Judith A. Seltzer

Dramatic changes in the American family have transformed the way we care for its oldest and youngest members. Nuclear families have become smaller as childbearing has declined, but extended families have become larger as life expectancy grows. Divorce, extramarital childbearing, cohabitation, and remarriage, have increased our number of kin but often complicate relationships and diffuse responsibility for care. Further, women s increasing participation in the workforce has meant that previous generations must reevaluate their assumptions about caregivers. In Intergenerational Caregiving, an interdisciplinary group of scholars considers our changing family relationships and their effect on social policies. Caregiving and its effects on families relationships and resources are examined from economic, sociological, anthropological and psychological perspectives, and chapters on both elders and children with disabilities are included.

Family in the Middle East: Ideational change in Egypt, Iran, and Tunisia
By: Kathryn M. Yount and Hoda Rashad

Examines, in comparative perspective, the different ideals about family and society and how they have impacted on real family life across a number of countries in the Middle East.

Worlds in Motion: Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millennium
By: Douglas S. Massey, Joaquin Arango, Graeme Hugo, and Ali Kouaouci

The twentieth century has seen immense worldwide shifts in population. Whether it is Europe to North America, the Carribean to the United Kingdom, or East Asia to Australia, migration is one of the major factors that influences the global political and economic situation. By applying systematic theoretical frameworks to detailed empirical data, Worlds in Motion provides a unique overview of not only where migration occurs, and how it works, but crucially details the major factors that influence international population movement.

Coverage Measurement in the 2010 Census
By: Robert M. Bell, Michael L. Cohen and National Research Council Committee on National Statistics

The census coverage measurement programs have historically addressed three primary objectives: to inform users about the quality of the census counts; to help identify sources of error to improve census taking, and to provide alternative counts based on information from the coverage measurement program. In planning the 1990 and 2000 censuses, the main objective was to produce alternative counts based on the measurement of net coverage error. For the 2010 census coverage measurement program, the Census Bureau will deemphasize that goal, and is instead planning to focus on the second goal of improving census processes. This book, which details the findings of the National Research Council’s Panel on Coverage Evaluation and Correlation Bias, strongly supports the Census Bureau’s change in goal. However, the panel finds that the current plans for data collection, data analysis, and data products are still too oriented towards measurement of net coverage error to fully exploit this new focus. Although the Census Bureau has taken several important steps to revise data collection and analysis procedures and data products, this book recommends further steps to enhance the value of coverage measurement for the improvement of future census processes.

Working After Welfare: How Women Balance Jobs and Family in the Wake of Welfare Reform
By: Kristin Seefeldt

How to balance work and family issues has become a major issue for women across the country in all income classes, but especially so for single mothers who were formerly on welfare. This book, tapping into the quantitative and qualitative evidence gathered in the Women’s Employment Study (WES), offers insights into the lives of women in an urban Michigan county who left welfare for work and the role their family decisions play in their labor market decisions.

Intraindividual Processes (Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology)
Edited by: Abraham Tesser and Norbert Schwarz

This state of the art overview of intraindividual processes covers social cognition, attitudes, and social motivation. It will be useful for students with some knowledge of social psychology who want an overview and for researchers as an authoritative definition of the field that also indicates likely future trends.

The handbook includes contributions by academics and researchers from around the world to ensure a truly international perspective. After outlining a set of integrative perspectives: evolutionary and cultural, developmental, and methodological, it goes on to provide an in-depth treatment of current research on social cognition and social motivation. The handbook concludes with chapters devoted to research on applying cognitive and motivational principles. Fully referenced chapters and bibliographies allow easy access to further study.

Tech Deck in the Undergraduate Library

Are you working on a project that requires you or your class group to create

•a video production
•a poster
•a web site
•a PowerPoint presentation
or other media-rich content?

Do you or your study group need access to, and help in using

•color scanners
•large scale poster printing
•media conversion station, including VCR/DVD and digital tape deck
•high end graphics software
•online research and presentation tools such as RefWorks, CTools, Flickr, and mBlog and other media and knowledge production resources?

Then the new Tech Deck on the first floor of the Undergraduate Library should be your next stop!

New Database: Global Health

The UM Health Sciences Libraries have licensed access to the database Global Health on the EBSCO platform for the UM Ann Arbor campus. Access is available at: http://searchtools.lib.umich.edu/V?func=native-link&resource=UMI03641
Global Health is a public health database that provides information on international health, biomedical life sciences, non-communicable diseases, public health nutrition, food safety and hygiene, and much more. The database provides a global perspective with coverage of publications from over 158 countries in 50 languages. Global Health contains more than 1.2 million records dating back to 1973, with coverage of more than 5,000 serials, books, book chapters, reports, conference proceedings, discussion papers, newsletters, patents, theses, and electronic publications. This resource complements the international health-related literature indexed within Medline and Embase with 60% of the indexed journals unique to the Global Health database. Also included is the Global Health Archive, consisting of 800,000 records from 1910-1973.

State of the World Population 2008

State of the World Population 2008: Reaching common ground: culture, gender and human rights
Source: United Nations Population Fund

Development strategies that are sensitive to cultural values can reduce harmful practices against women and promote human rights, including gender equality and women’s empowerment, affirms The State of World Population 2008 report from UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund.

Reaching Common Ground: Culture, Gender and Human Rights, launched 12 November 2008, reports that culture is a central component of successful development of poor countries, and must be integrated into development policy and programming.

The report, which coincides with this year’s 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, is based on the concept that the international human rights framework has universal validity. Human rights express values common to all cultures and protect groups as well as individuals. The report endorses culturally sensitive approaches to development and to the promotion of human rights, in general, and women’s rights, in particular.

Full report (PDF)

World of Work Report 2008

Global income inequality gap is vast and growing
Source: International Labour Organization

Despite strong economic growth that produced millions of new jobs since the early 1990s, income inequality grew dramatically in most regions of the world and is expected to increase due to the current global financial crisis, according to a new study published today by the research arm of the International Labour Organization (ILO).

The new report, entitled World of Work Report 2008: Income inequalities in the age of financial globalization, produced by the ILO’s International Institute for Labour Studies also notes that a major share of the cost of the financial and economic crisis will be borne by hundreds of millions of people who haven’t shared in the benefits of recent growth.

Executive Summary; Full Report (PDF’s)

Library and Technology Workshops

Upcoming Library/Technology Workshops at the University Library
A list of workshops to enhance you research and technology skills on campus. Classes include Endnote, Photoshop, Powerpoint and more.

2008 Statistics on Child Welfare

2008 State Fact Sheets from the Child Welfare League of America
The State Fact Sheets provide descriptive information on the condition of vulnerable children in all fifty states and the District of Columbia, using indicators of child protection, health, child care, education, and income support.

Each State is available in PDF or HTML.