High Incarceration Rates among Black Men Enrolled in Clinical Studies may Compromise Ability to Identify Disparities
Emily Wang, et.al. | Health Affairs
May 13, 2014
html | pdf
This is a nice note, which examines the selectivity introduced into studies when participants are lost to a study due to incarceration – primarily black men. The paper discusses a suggested change in the IRB regulations on studying prisoners, which would help address this selectivity issue. The Vox article below discusses the history of IRB rules, given that this would not be common knowledge among a more general reader pool.
Doctors can’t research the health of black men, because they keep getting sent to prison
Dara Lind | Vox
May 13, 2014
Full table of contents are here. Some highlights include:
by Emily Eakin
Thomas Piketty is economics’ biggest sensation. He’s also the field’s fiercest critic.
by John Quiggin
Inequalities in higher education mirror those in society at large.
Is Wedlock for the Weathy?
by June Carbone and Naomi Cahn
Marriage is waning among the poor and increasing among the affluent, but the law hasn’t kept up with those trends.
Interview by Peter Monaghan
Sendhil Mullainathan discusses scarcity and the economic mind.
The New York Times is beginning a series examining hardship 50 years after the war on poverty. The first in the series is “50 Years Into the War on Poverty, Hardship Hits Back” by Trip Gabriel:
McDowell County, W.Va., has been a public face of hardship for more than a half-century. But today, it is burdened with a different, less tractable kind of poverty.
Interactive Map: Mapping Poverty in America
Via: Chronicle of Higher Education, The Ticker
By: Michael Andrew Koicich, Texas Tech University
AERA 2014 Annual Meeting
April 4, 2014
Students from rural areas have a history of lower educational attainment at both the K-12 and postsecondary levels, yet this population remains understudied. This study seeks to update past studies of rural youth by examining college attendance and choice decisions for students from non-metropolitan counties. Logistic regression is used to study the postsecondary attendance and institutional choice for rural students. Data are taken from two national data sets, the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 and the 2004 County Typologies published by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, which are then combined to conduct this analysis. The results of this study reveal clear disadvantages in postsecondary attendance, institutional level, selectivity, and other indicators resulting simply from living in a non-metropolitan county. The effect of most student characteristics did not vary substantially between rural and non-rural areas, but the analysis did reveal one interesting finding: The relationship between college attendance and choice and a student’s socioeconomic status was weaker for rural students than for non-rural students. Some systematic variation across rural communities was revealed, as well.
Full paper (PDF)
While smoking began as a practice among the well-off, according to a study published in Population Health Metrics, the habit is now much more prevalent in the working and poor classes.
New York Times article
Full text of the study
By: Katherine Mangan
Source: Chronicle of Higher Education
Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges
Although black and Latino male students enter community colleges with higher aspirations than those of their white peers, white men are six times as likely to graduate in three years with a certificate or degree, according to a report released on Wednesday by the Center for Community College Student Engagement at the University of Texas here.
Full text of the article
Aspirations to Achievement: Report from the Center for Community College Student Engagement (PDF)
The New York Times has a great interactive visualization of the widening racial disparity in breast cancer deaths drawn from data from the Cancer Institute. Previously, black women had lower breast cancer mortality than whites, but it is now higher. The trend is not exactly the same across all states.
[Click here for Data Visualization]
The New York Times article was inspired by a publication based on the trend in racial disparities in cancer mortality in the 25-largest cities in the US:
The racial disparity in breast cancer mortality in the 25 largest cities in the United States
Steven Whitman, Jennifer Orsi and Marc Hurlbert | Cancer Epidemiology
Relevant to this topic is a link to the latest Health Disparities, 2013 report from CDC.
These data are available via the Urban Institutes’s National Data Repository.
These data include information about mortgage loan applications, including the outcome of the application, information about the loan and applicant and location of the property (census tract). The Urban Institute has summarized the loan-level data into indicators on the racial and income distribution of borrowers, denial rates by race and income and loans from subprime lenders by race.
Users must register to download the data and provide attribution to the Urban Institute.
Urban Institute Data Repository
Click on UI Home Mortgage Disclosure Act Data Series and then the Data and Analysis tab.
A Guide to Home Mortgage Disclosure Data
K. Pettit and A. Droesch | Urban Institute
The original source for these data comes from the FFIEC website
Making the Right Call, Even in Death
Lawrence Altman, MD | New York Times
July 1, 2013
This article discusses two studies, which illustrate problems with the recorded cause of death in death certificates.
The studies, published in the May issue of the journal Preventing Chronic Disease, support what researchers have long suspected: that heart disease is overreported as a cause of death, while diseases like pneumonia and cancer tend to be underreported. Equally disturbing, one of the studies suggests that the health system is far too cavalier about the accuracy of death certificates.
Survey of New York City Resident Physicians on Cause-of-Death Reporting, 2010
B. Wexelman, E. Eden & K. Rose | Preventing Chronic Disease
Impact of a Hospital-Level Intervention to Reduce Heart Disease Overreporting on Leading Causes of Death
Teeb Al-Samarrai, et.al. | Preventing Chronic Disease
Here are several links related to international migration in the US from the Census Burea.
International Migration is Projected to become Primary Driver of U.S. Population Growth for the first time in Nearly Two Centuries
May 15, 2013
This link goes to an overview page. To the right are links to detailed tables and graphs showing migration and natural increase and population by age group.
Estimating Net International Migration for 2010 Demographic Analysis: An Overview of Methods and Results
Renuka Bhaskar, et.al. | Census Bureau
This working paper is relevant for Demographic Analysis – technique used to understand the age, sex, and racial composition of a population and how it has changed over time via births, deaths, and migration. Here is a link to the Demographic Analysis site at the Census Bureau.
The Foreign Born [Census Bureau website]
This includes links to an infographic - part of which is included below on America’s foreign born in the last 50 years, data from the American Community Survey on home ownership, STEM degrees, newly arrived, and region-specific reports. There is also a 2010 tables package from the Current Population Survey.
[Link to complete infographic]