Archive for the 'Group Disparities' Category

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How Do the Top 100 Metro Areas Rank on Racial and Ethnic Equity?

Source: The Urban Institute
Commentary by Margery Turner


The Urban Institute’s MetroTrends research team has created an interactive report card on racial and ethnic equity in the nation’s top 100 metropolitan areas. A brief commentary by Margery Austin Turner, the Institute’s vice president for research, accompanies the map.

Commentary (html)
Interactive Map

Wealth Gaps Rise to Record Highs – Hispanics Hit Hardest

Wealth Gaps Rise to Record Highs Between Whites, Blacks and Hispanics
By: Rakesh Kochhar, Richard Fry and Paul Taylor
Source: Pew Research Center

From report:

The median wealth of white households is 20 times that of black households and 18 times that of Hispanic households, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of newly available government data from 2009.

These lopsided wealth ratios are the largest since the government began publishing such data a quarter century ago and roughly twice the size of the ratios that had prevailed between these three groups for the two decades prior to the Great Recession that ended in 2009.

Recession Study Finds Hispanics Hit the Hardest
By Sabrina Tavernise
Source: New York Times

From article:

WOODBRIDGE, Va. — Hispanic families accounted for the largest single decline in wealth of any ethnic and racial group in the country during the recession, according to a study published Tuesday by the Pew Foundation.

The study, which used data collected by the Census Bureau, found that the median wealth of Hispanic households fell by 66 percent from 2005 to 2009. By contrast, the median wealth of whites fell by just 16 percent over the same period. African Americans saw their wealth drop by 53 percent. Asians also saw a big decline, with household wealth dropping 54 percent.

Pew Research report (PDF); Methodology
New York Time Article

CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report — United States, 2011

CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report — United States, 2011
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Supplement

From Foreword:

Since 1946, CDC has monitored and responded to challenges in the nation’s health, with particular focus on reducing gaps between the least and most vulnerable U.S. residents in illness, injury, risk behaviors, use of preventive health services, exposure to environmental hazards, and premature death. We continue that commitment to socioeconomic justice and shared responsibility with the release of CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities in the United States — 2011, the first in a periodic series of reports examining disparities in selected social and health indicators.

Health disparities are differences in health outcomes between groups that reflect social inequalities. Since the 1980s, our nation has made substantial progress in improving residents’ health and reducing health disparities, but ongoing racial/ethnic, economic, and other social disparities in health are both unacceptable and correctable.

Individual chapters
Full document (PDF)

Mapping the Measure of America

Source: American Human Development Project of the Social Science Research Council

Ever wondered how your state or congressional district stacks up compared with your neighbors on life expectancy, preschool enrollment, earnings or dozens of other indicators? Create customized maps by state and congressional district and by county for Louisiana and Mississippi. Build and sort data charts for over 100 indicators. Explore the Maps.

Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups

Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups
By: Susan Aud, Mary Ann Fox, and Angelina KewalRamani
Source: National Center for Education Statistics

This report profiles current conditions and recent trends in the education of students by racial and ethnic group. It presents a selection of indicators that illustrate the educational achievement and attainment of White, Black, Hispanic, American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander students. This report presents 29 indicators that provide information and examine (1) demographics, (2) patterns of preprimary, elementary, and secondary school enrollment; (3) student achievement, (4)persistence; (5) student behaviors that can affect their education; (6) participation in postsecondary education; and (7) outcomes of education.

Full report (PDF)

Food Security Assessment, 2010-20

Food Security Assessment, 2010-20
By: Shahla Shapouri, Stacey Rosen, May Peters, Felix Baquedano, and Summer Allen
Source: United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service

Food security in 70 developing countries is estimated to have improved between 2009 and 2010, in part due to economic recovery in many of these countries. The number of food-insecure people in the developing countries analyzed by ERS researchers is estimated to decrease about 7.5 percent from 2009 to 882 million in 2010. The number of food-insecure people at the aggregate level will not improve much over the next decade, declining by only 1 percent. While there will be notable improvements in Asia and Latin America, the situation in Sub-Saharan Africa is projected to deteriorate after 2010. Food-insecure people are defined as those consuming less than the nutritional target of 2,100 calories per day per person.

Report summary (PDF)
Entire report (PDF)

Supporting data (Excel spreadsheets):

U.S. Economic and Social Trends Since 2000

U.S. Economic and Social Trends Since 2000
By: Linda A. Jacobsen and Mark Mather
Source: Population Reference Bureau
From the press release:

Since the beginning of the current recession, homeownership and mobility rates have dropped; poverty has increased; and commuting patterns have shifted toward greener, more cost-effective options, according to a new report by the Population Reference Bureau (PRB).
PRB’s Population Bulletin, “U.S. Economic and Social Trends Since 2000,” by Linda A. Jacobsen and Mark Mather, is a wide-ranging analysis of how the U.S. population has changed since 2000. With the 2010 Census just around the corner, it is an appropriate time to compare the United States today with its demographic makeup at the last census in 2000.

Full text (PDF)
PRB Discuss Online: Linda Jacobsen and Mark Mather

America’s Tomorrow: A Profile of Latino Youth

America’s Tomorrow: A Profile of Latino Youth
By: Marguerite Moeller
Source: National Council of La Raza
This statistical brief examines the status of Latino youth in the United States. Latino youth, who compose nearly 20% of all youth in the country, experience high levels of poverty, high dropout rates, low graduation rates, high unemployment rates, and low rates of health insurance. Given that Latinos will compose about 30% of the U.S. population by 2050, the ability of Latino youth to overcome these pressing challenges today will directly impact the economic and social success of our nation in the future.

Latinos and Education: Explaining the Attainment Gap

Latinos and Education: Explaining the Attainment Gap
By: Mark Hugo Lopez
Source: Pew Hispanic Center
Nearly nine-in-ten (89%) Latino young adults say that a college education is important for success in life, yet only about half that number (48%) say that they themselves plan to get a college degree, according to a new national survey of Latinos by the Pew Hispanic Center, a project of the Pew Research Center.
Full Report (PDF)

Immigrants & Health Care

Immigrants and Health Care Reform: What’s Really at Stake?
By: Randy Capps, Marc R. Rosenblum, and Michael Fix
Source: Migration Policy Institute
In a new report, Immigrants and Health Care Reform: What’s Really at Stake?, MPI’s National Center on Immigrant Integration Policy offers the first-ever estimates of the size of uninsured immigrant populations in major immigrant-destination states, the number of immigrant workers covered by employer-provided plans and the share of immigrants employed by small firms likely to be exempted from employer coverage mandates. The report, based on MPI’s analysis of Census Bureau data, also examines health coverage for immigrants by legal status, age and poverty levels.
Of the estimated 12 million lawful permanent residents in the United States, 4.2 million are uninsured and more than 1 million would be excluded from Medicaid coverage or insurance subsidies if Congress does not remove the five-year waiting period for eligibility. Thirty-eight percent of legal immigrants work at small firms of 25 workers or less, which are likely to be exempted from employer mandates. Just 32 percent of legal immigrant workers at these small firms have insurance compared with 71 percent for U.S.-born workers.
Full report (PDF)