Archive for the 'Population Dynamics – Urbanization, Migration' Category

10 U.S. Cities Now Have 1 Million or More People

The U.S. Census Bureau released it’s Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More. Read highlights here.

Related:
FiveThirtyEight: How Suburban Are Big American Cities?

Mapping Race in the U.S.

Nathan Yau of Flowing Data created an interactive map showing the concentrations of Whites, Hispanics, Blacks, Asians, Native Americans, and Pacific Islanders at the county level.

The map above shows the most prevalent race in each county, based on data from the 2013 American Community Survey 5-year estimates. Select and deselect to make various comparisons. Or, select just one race to see distribution. Low, medium, and high saturation indicates whether the prevalent race percentage is below or about the same, higher (greater than the national average plus-minus interval), or much higher than the national average (at least 50% higher), respectively.

Transportation Alternatives by Census Region

The U.S. Census American Housing Survey began gathering data on household public transportation use. A new infographic summarizes the results. Click on the image for a larger view.


Transportation Alternatives by Census Region

[Source: U.S. Census Bureau]

Moving to Opportunity Update

Both the New York Times Upshot and NPR’s Planet Money have stories this morning about Raj Chetty’s Equality of Opportunity Project (previous posted about here).

Diversity and Segregation

Nate Silver of FiveThirtyEight examines urban diversity and segregation:

Chicago deserves its reputation as a segregated city. But it is also an extremely diverse city. And the difference between those terms — which are often misused and misunderstood — says a lot about how millions of American city dwellers live. It is all too common to live in a city with a wide variety of ethnic and racial groups — including Chicago, New York, and Baltimore — and yet remain isolated from those groups in a racially homogenous neighborhood.

The Increase of Singles Changes City Housing

Emily Badger of Wonkblog examines the rising trend of single people living alone and what that will mean for city housing.

See also: Compact Units: Demand and Challenges from NYU Furman Center.

Geographical Variations in Equality of Opportunity

Raj Chetty of Harvard has been leading a team of researchers (including former Population Studies Center trainee Patrick Kline) on a project examining the geography of income mobility. From the project website:

Is America the “Land of Opportunity”? In two recent studies, we find that: (1) Upward income mobility varies substantially within the U.S. [summary][paper] Areas with greater mobility tend to have five characteristics: less segregation, less income inequality, better schools, greater social capital, and more stable families. (2) Contrary to popular perception, economic mobility has not changed significantly over time; however, it is consistently lower in the U.S. than in most developed countries. [summary][paper]

See The Equality of Opportunity Project website for executive summaries, papers, city rankings, data and more.

See the New York Times’ In Climbing Income Ladder, Location Matters for interactive maps based on this work.

Black Immigration to the U.S.

According to a new report from the Pew Research Center, 8.7% of the U.S. black population is foreign born, nearly triple what it was in 1980.

Rapid growth in the black immigrant population is expected to continue. The Census Bureau projects that by 2060, 16.5% of U.S. blacks will be immigrants. In certain metropolitan areas, foreign-born blacks make up a significant share of the overall black population. For example, among the metropolitan areas with the largest black populations, roughly a third of blacks (34%) living in the Miami metro area are immigrants. In the New York metro area, that share is 28%. And in the Washington, D.C., area, it is 15%.

Download the complete report (PDF)

See also: 6 key findings about black immigration to the U.S.

Majority Minority Counties

The Pew Research Center analyzed Census data and found that between 2000 to 2013, 78 counties in 19 states changed from majority white population to populations where no racial or ethnic group is in the majority (their analysis only includes counties with populations of 10,000 or more in 2013).

Millennials and Urban Living

Jed Kolko follows up Ben Casselman’s article Think Millennials Prefer the City? Think Again in FiveThirtyEight with some explanations of why this generation is less urban.

Most urban neighborhoods are not Brooklyn, and most 25- to 34-year-olds don’t have bachelor’s degrees.