Data visualizations are becoming more and more popular and sometimes they include demographic concepts. The following are two simulations of births and deaths – one for the US and the other for the world.
Click on the images to start the simulations. To read more about how these were made see references below:
Watch This Anxiety-Provoking Simulation of U.S. Births and Deaths
John Metcalfe | The Atlantic Cities
December 11, 2012
This Map Shows Where in the World People Are Dying and Being Born
John Metcalfe | The Atlantic Cities
October 14, 2013
World Births/Deaths Simulation – Adding World Cities
Brad Lyon | Nowhere Near Ithaca Blog
October 9, 2013
The New York Times had another editorial on this issue:
Editorial Board | New York Times
September 26, 2013
A search on its site shows that this has been a common editorial/story topic
[Counting Prisoners Editorials/Stories]
The PSC Infoblog has had a previous post on this topic as well, which included the Census Bureau’s response to the issue. The Census Bureau released group quarters data in time for redistricting.
Another excellent source on this topic is the National Academy of Sciences book, which is available in the PSC library:
Once, Only Once and in the Right Place: Residence Rules in the Decennial Census
Daniel Cork and Paul Voss, Editors | The National Academies
Here are several links related to international migration in the US from the Census Burea.
International Migration is Projected to become Primary Driver of U.S. Population Growth for the first time in Nearly Two Centuries
May 15, 2013
This link goes to an overview page. To the right are links to detailed tables and graphs showing migration and natural increase and population by age group.
Estimating Net International Migration for 2010 Demographic Analysis: An Overview of Methods and Results
Renuka Bhaskar, et.al. | Census Bureau
This working paper is relevant for Demographic Analysis – technique used to understand the age, sex, and racial composition of a population and how it has changed over time via births, deaths, and migration. Here is a link to the Demographic Analysis site at the Census Bureau.
The Foreign Born [Census Bureau website]
This includes links to an infographic - part of which is included below on America’s foreign born in the last 50 years, data from the American Community Survey on home ownership, STEM degrees, newly arrived, and region-specific reports. There is also a 2010 tables package from the Current Population Survey.
[Link to complete infographic]
The potential demography: a tool for evaluating differences among countries in the European Union
Gian Carlo Blangiardo and Stefania M. L. Rimoldi
Genus: Journal of Population Sciences*
*This journal has just become an open access journal: http://www.genus-journal.org/
Task Specialization in U.S. Cities from 1880-2000
Guy Michaels, Ferdinand Rauch, Stephen J. Redding | NBER Working Paper 18715
In this study, economists Guy Michaels, Ferdinand Rauch, and Stephen J. Redding analyze the verbs used to describe jobs in the U.S. Dictionary of Occupational Titles during a 120 year time period. They do this by geographic area, correlating their findings with the spread of telephone service and transportation networks. They discover “a systematic reallocation of employment over time towards interactive occupations, which involve tasks described by verbs that appear in thesaurus categories concerned with thought, communication and inter-social activity.”
Tip from @TrendCop via Twitter
A previous post described several studies based on non-survey data, which inform demographic events. The following is another very creative example:
You are where you e-mail: using e-mail data to estimate international migration rates
Emilio Zagheni and Ingmar Weber | Max Planck Institute & Yahoo! Research
Proceedings of the 3rd Annual ACM Web Science Conference [Pages 348-351]
June 22-24, 2012
In a campaign speech, Romney announced that the unemployment rate was really 11 percent. He was driven to come up with that number since the unemployment rate fell below 8 percent with the October jobs report. But, he made an error. He ignored the changing age structure, e.g., the leading edge of the baby boomers, who have retired.
This is a good example for a quantitative reasoning class. A fuller explanation of the issue follows in the post by Mulligan.
Fact-Check: An 11 Percent Unemployment Rate?
Catherine Rampell | Economix Blog, The New York Times
October 5, 2012
The Baby Boom and Economic Recovery
Casey Mulligan | Economix Blog, The New York Times
October 10, 2012
by Seth Motel and Eileen Patten
Source: Pew Research Center, Hispanic Center
Among the 50.7 million Hispanics in the United States, nearly two-thirds (65%), or 33 million, self-identify as being of Mexican origin, according to tabulations of the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS) by the Pew Hispanic Center, a project of the Pew Research Center. No other Hispanic subgroup rivals the size of the Mexican-origin population. Puerto Ricans, the nation’s second largest Hispanic origin group, make up just 9% of the total Hispanic population in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
Overall, the 10 largest Hispanic origin groups—Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Salvadorans, Dominicans, Guatemalans, Colombians, Hondurans, Ecuadorians and Peruvians—make up 92% of the U.S. Hispanic population. Six Hispanic origin groups have populations greater than 1 million.
Complete Report (PDF)
Source: Pew Research Center, Social & Demographic Trends
Asian Americans are the highest-income, best-educated and fastest-growing racial group in the United States. They are more satisfied than the general public with their lives, finances and the direction of the country, and they place more value than other Americans do on marriage, parenthood, hard work and career success, according to a comprehensive new nationwide survey by the Pew Research Center.
A century ago, most Asian Americans were low-skilled, low-wage laborers crowded into ethnic enclaves and targets of official discrimination. Today they are the most likely of any major racial or ethnic group in America to live in mixed neighborhoods and to marry across racial lines.
Report by chapter and other materials (HTML)
Compete Report (PDF)
Topline Questionnaire (PDF)
The Census Bureau released estimates of places in late June.
Note that these estimates use a different algorithm than the state/county population estimates released earlier this year. Estimates for places are based on housing unit methodology. The estimates for states and counties are based on vital statistics (births, deaths) and an estimate of migration.
This makes a difference if one is comparing Detroit or Cleveland, which are both sub-county population estimates as compared to Baltimore, which is a county equivalent.
The results for Michigan show Detroit losing 3% of its population and remaining just above 700,000. All other places within Wayne County have very similar rates – with most of the difference due to the variations in the distribution of the GQ and household populations across these communities.
On the other hand, the Population Estimates for places produced by the Southeastern Michigan Census Council (SEMCOG) show quite a bit of variation within counties. Hamtramck grew by 2.1%, while Detroit and Highland Park declined by 4% and 6.6% respectively.
And, big picture-wise, Texas is home to 8 of the 15 most rapidly growing cities. [Press Release]