Oxfam’s Grow Campaign
From the summary:
The sustainable production challenge
The food system must be transformed. By 2050, there will be 9 billion people on the planet and demand for food will have increased by 70 per cent. This demand must be met despite flatlining yields, increasing water scarcity, and growing competition over land. And agriculture must rapidly adapt to a changing climate and slash its carbon footprint.
The equity challenge
We must also address the appalling inequities which plague the food system from farm to fork. We produce more food than we need. In the rich world, we throw much of it away. In the developing world, nearly one billion of us go without. Hunger and poverty are concentrated in rural areas. Unlocking the potential of smallholder agriculture – the backbone of the food system – represents our single biggest opportunity to increase food production, boost food security, and reduce vulnerability. Yet women and men food producers are routinely deprived of the resources they need to thrive: of water, technology, investment and credit, among others. Huge swathes of land in Africa and elsewhere are being handed over to investors at rock bottom prices, in deals that offer little to local communities.
Growing a Better Future (summary)
Growing a Better Future (full report)
By: Laura Bl Shrestha and Elayne J. Heisler
Source: Congressional Research Service
From the summary:
The United States, the third most populous country globally, accounts for about 4.5% of the world’s population. The U.S. population—currently estimated at 308.7 million persons—has more than doubled since its 1950 level of 152.3 million. More than just being double in size, the population has become qualitatively different from what it was in 1950. As noted by the Population Reference Bureau, “The U.S. is getting bigger, older, and more diverse.” The objective of this report is to highlight some of the demographic changes that have already occurred since 1950 and to illustrate how these and future trends will reshape the nation in the decades to come (through 2050).
Full report (PDF)
Census 2010: 50 Million Latinos
By: Jeffrey S. Passel, D’Vera Cohn, and Mark Hugo Lopez
Source: Pew Hispanic Center
From Pew’s The Daily Number:
From 2000 to 2010, the population growth in the United States was driven almost exclusively by racial and ethnic minorities. Overall, racial and ethnic minorities accounted for 91.7% of the nation’s population growth over the past 10 years. The non-Hispanic white population has accounted for only the remaining 8.3% of the nation’s growth. Hispanics were responsible for 56% of the nation’s population growth over the past decade. There are now 50.5 million Latinos living in the U.S. according to the 2010 Census, up from 35.3 million in 2000, making Latinos the nation’s largest minority group and 16.3% of the total population. There are 196.8 million whites in the U.S. (accounting for 63.7% of the total population), 37.7 million blacks (12.2%) and 14.5 million Asians (4.7%). Six million non-Hispanics, or 1.9% of the U.S. population, checked more than one race.
Complete report (PDF)
The 2010 Census enumeration for Detroit came in at 713,777, which was a shock to most. Detroit’s relative population loss (-25%) was only rivaled by New Orleans (-30%) among major cities. But, another implication for Detroit is that various Michigan statutes in favor of Detroit are based on “any city with a population of 750,000+.” Detroit no longer meets that requirement.
Read about the implications:
Panic in Detroit: The Motor City and Flaws in the U.S. Census
Matthew Blake | understandinggov.org
May 2, 2011
Detroit’s Disappearing Population – And Revenues
Alan Greenblatt | Reuters (posted by Huffington Post)
April 12, 2011
Official: Detroit census recount would come too late to help in state redistricting
Karen Bouffard | Detroit News
April 12, 2011
Population loss could cost Detroit funds, privileges: Drop below 75000 may mean tax, other state laws need change
Christine MacDonald | Detroit News
March 24, 2011
Detroit’s sub-750,000 Census count may lead to serious fiscal consequences
Jeff T. Wattrick | Mlive.com
March 24, 2011
Our own Bill Frey’s recent publications about demographic change are a good resource before you speak about your local community or a specific population group. Some of these are video clips which would work well in a class. These resources are amazingly rich given the relative thin data one gets from the first release of Census 2010 data: Race/Hispanic for the total population and Race/Hispanic for the age 18+ population. Just wait for him to get hold of the short-form data.
Below are links to the full reports. If you just want to click and see the executive summaries or for all his reports, follow this link:
William H. Frey | Brookings Experts
Census Shows Challenge of America’s Children
April 8, 2011
American’s Diverse Future: Initial Glimpses at the U.S. Child Population form the 2010 Census
April 6, 2011
Link for appendices & executive abstract
The Changing Face of America’s Racial Diversity
March 25, 2011
A Pivotal Decade for America’s White and Minority Populations
March 25, 2011
Black Populations Dropping in Big Cities
March 22, 2011
MSNBC News [Full interview]
MSNBC News [Black population migration segment]
@Brookings Podcast: The Census and Changing Demographics in U.S. Schools
March 11, 2011
Growth in School-Age Minority Population Signals Demographic Tipping Point
February 07, 2011
Population Migration Declines Further: Stalling Brain Gains and Ambitions
January 12, 2011
Here’s a synopsis of the first release of 2010 Census data (PL 94-171) for Detroit neighborhoods by the Southeast Michigan Census Council (SEMCOG). It covers neighborhoods in terms of housing unit change and population change.
2010 Census Data for City of Detroit Neighborhoods
SEMCOG | April 5, 2011
Its December 2010 estimate was 850,259 (see page 29). While that estimate is way too high in light of the 2010 Census, where the population count was 713,777, the report itself is quite informative:
City of Detroit: Neighborhood Market DrillDown
Social Compact | December 2010
Original source for this posting:
Independent census pegs Detroit’s population at 850k as lower-income residents leave city
Jonathan Oosting | Mlive.com
February 23, 2011
Unauthorized Immigrant Population: National and State Trends, 2010
By: Jeffrey S. Passel and D’Vera Cohn
Source: Pew Research Center
As of March 2010, 11.2 million unauthorized immigrants were living in the United States, virtually unchanged from a year earlier, according to new estimates from the Pew Hispanic Center, a project of the Pew Research Center. This stability in 2010 follows a two-year decline from the peak of 12 million in 2007 to 11.1 million in 2009 that was the first significant reversal in a two-decade pattern of growth.
The number of unauthorized immigrants in the nation’s workforce, 8 million in March 2010, also did not differ from the Pew Hispanic Center estimate for 2009. As with the population total, the number of unauthorized immigrants in the labor force had decreased in 2009, from its peak of 8.4 million in 2007.
Full report (PDF)
Where the Brains Are Going
By Richard Florida
Source: The Atlantic
Cities and regions across America and the world have made significant efforts to attract and retain young college graduates over the past decade or so. This has been driven by growing awareness that the ability to attract human capital, as well the ability to attract companies, plays a key role in economic competitiveness. And since young adults are the most mobile members of the population — people n their mid-20s are three to five times more likely to move than middle aged folks — the ability to attract them early in life can pay big, lasting dividends.
A new study by Brookings demographer William Frey examines trends in the migration decisions of young adults and college grads (as separate groups) over the years 2007-2009. His findings are especially interesting and relevant, since they cover the period since the onset of the economic crisis and reset.
Full text of William Frey’s Brookings report, Migration Declines Further: Stalling Brain Gains and Ambitions
United Nations World Youth Report. Youth and Climate Change.
Source: United Nations Programme on Youth
From the introduction:
Climate change is one of the defining challenges of the twenty-first century. It is a challenge that is global in both its impact and its solutions but one that is not shared equally, as developing countries are likely to be among the most seriously affected by and the least able to address the consequences of climate change. Climate change touches every aspect of life and impinges on development efforts, with consequences ranging from immediate to long term. Major adjustments are required to promote more sustainable patterns of production and consumption at both the collective and individual levels. Solid evidence exists that climate change will have a more serious impact than initially anticipated and that adaptation and mitigation will entail significantly higher costs if action is deferred than if the problem is addressed now.
Addressing and adjusting to the challenge of climate change is certain to be a defining feature of the future of today’s youth. It is therefore critical that young people educate themselves and become more actively involved in combating this threat. The present Report is designed to assist youth and youth organizations in such an endeavour. It is also meant to affirm the status of young people as key stakeholders in the fight against climate change. The publication comes at a time when efforts to address climate change are receiving unparalleled attention in the international arena, offering youth a unique opportunity for their voice to be heard in the debate.
Complete Report (PDF)