Archive for the 'Population Dynamics - Urbanization, Migration' Category

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Population Grows in Twenty EU Member States

Population Grows in Twenty EU Member States
Source: Eurostat

From press release (PDF):

On 1 January 2011, the population of the EU27 was estimated at 502.5 million, compared with 501.1 million on 1 January 2010. The population of the EU27 grew by 1.4 million in 2010, an annual rate of +2.7 per 1000 inhabitants, due to a natural increase of 0.5 million (+1.0‰) and net migration of 0.9 million (+1.7‰).

The population of the euro area (EA17) was estimated at 332.0 million on 1 January 2011, compared with 330.9 million on 1 January 2010. The population of the euro area grew by 1.0 million in 2010, an annual rate of +3.1‰, due to a natural increase of 0.3 million (+1.0‰) and net migration of 0.7 million (+2.1‰).

Full press release (PDF)
Full report (PDF)

Head Start and the Changing Demographics of Today’s Young Children

Head Start and the Changing Demographics of Today’s Young Children
By: Oliva Golden
Source: Urban Institute

Abstract:

The increasing diversity of America’s young children has important implications for Head Start and Early Head Start programs. This paper summarizes recent changes in the racial and ethnic composition of young children, particularly increases in Hispanic and Asian children, as well as shifts in where young children live, with some northeastern and Midwestern states losing children while southern and southwestern states are rapidly gaining. Based on these trends and recent Urban Institute research, the paper makes four recommendations about how local Head Start practitioners can best meet the needs of today’s young children and their families.

Full text (PDF)

The Mexican-American Boom: Births Overtake Immigration

The Mexican-American Boom: Births Overtake Immigration
Source: Pew Hispanic Center

From overview:

Births have surpassed immigration as the main driver of the dynamic growth in the U.S. Hispanic population. This new trend is especially evident among the largest of all Hispanic groups-Mexican-Americans, according to a new analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data by the Pew Hispanic Center, a project of the Pew Research Center.

In the decade from 2000 to 2010, the Mexican-American population grew by 7.2 million as a result of births and 4.2 million as a result of new immigrant arrivals. This is a change from the previous two decades when the number of new immigrants either matched or exceeded the number of births.

Full report (PDF)

Many Black New Yorkers Are Moving South

For New Life, Blacks in City Head to South
By Dan Bilefsky
Source: New York Times, June 21, 2011

From article:

The economic downturn has propelled a striking demographic shift: black New Yorkers, including many who are young and college educated, are heading south.

About 17 percent of the African-Americans who moved to the South from other states in the past decade came from New York, far more than from any other state, according to census data. Of the 44,474 who left New York State in 2009, more than half, or 22,508, went to the South, according to a study conducted by the sociology department of Queens College for The New York Times.

Read more

Asian Immigrants in the United States

By: Jeanne Batalova
Source: Migration Policy Institute

From the report:

Nearly 20 years ago, Congress established the month of May as Asian-Pacific American Heritage Month to recognize two events: the arrival of first Japanese immigrants on May 7, 1843, and the contributions of Chinese immigrant laborers in the building of the transcontinental railroad, which was completed on May 10, 1869. In observance of Asian-Pacific American Heritage Month, we share the most recent facts and statistics about immigrants from Asia.

As of 2009, there were more than 10.6 million Asian immigrants in the United States. Immigration from Asia has increased considerably since the 1965 US Immigration and Nationality Act, which removed national-origin quotas that favored European immigration. In 1960, the Asian born accounted for just 5 percent of the foreign-born population in the United States, but by 2009, their share increased more than five-fold to account for nearly 28 percent of immigrants. Today, the Asian born are the country’s second-largest immigrant population by world region of birth, behind those from Latin America.

The top three countries of origin of Asian immigrants are the Philippines, India, and China, and California, New York, and Texas are home to nearly half of all Asian immigrants in the country (for more information on immigrants by state, please see the ACS/Census Data tool on the MPI Data Hub).

Full report (HTML)

Growing a Better Future

Oxfam’s Grow Campaign

From the summary:

The sustainable production challenge

The food system must be transformed. By 2050, there will be 9 billion people on the planet and demand for food will have increased by 70 per cent. This demand must be met despite flatlining yields, increasing water scarcity, and growing competition over land. And agriculture must rapidly adapt to a changing climate and slash its carbon footprint.

The equity challenge

We must also address the appalling inequities which plague the food system from farm to fork. We produce more food than we need. In the rich world, we throw much of it away. In the developing world, nearly one billion of us go without. Hunger and poverty are concentrated in rural areas. Unlocking the potential of smallholder agriculture – the backbone of the food system – represents our single biggest opportunity to increase food production, boost food security, and reduce vulnerability. Yet women and men food producers are routinely deprived of the resources they need to thrive: of water, technology, investment and credit, among others. Huge swathes of land in Africa and elsewhere are being handed over to investors at rock bottom prices, in deals that offer little to local communities.

GROW Campaign
Growing a Better Future (summary)
Growing a Better Future (full report)

The Changing Demographic Profile of the United States

By: Laura Bl Shrestha and Elayne J. Heisler
Source: Congressional Research Service

From the summary:

The United States, the third most populous country globally, accounts for about 4.5% of the world’s population. The U.S. population—currently estimated at 308.7 million persons—has more than doubled since its 1950 level of 152.3 million. More than just being double in size, the population has become qualitatively different from what it was in 1950. As noted by the Population Reference Bureau, “The U.S. is getting bigger, older, and more diverse.” The objective of this report is to highlight some of the demographic changes that have already occurred since 1950 and to illustrate how these and future trends will reshape the nation in the decades to come (through 2050).

Full report (PDF)

Hispanics Account for More Than Half of Nation’s Growth in Past Decade

Census 2010: 50 Million Latinos
By: Jeffrey S. Passel, D’Vera Cohn, and Mark Hugo Lopez
Source: Pew Hispanic Center

From Pew’s The Daily Number:
From 2000 to 2010, the population growth in the United States was driven almost exclusively by racial and ethnic minorities. Overall, racial and ethnic minorities accounted for 91.7% of the nation’s population growth over the past 10 years. The non-Hispanic white population has accounted for only the remaining 8.3% of the nation’s growth. Hispanics were responsible for 56% of the nation’s population growth over the past decade. There are now 50.5 million Latinos living in the U.S. according to the 2010 Census, up from 35.3 million in 2000, making Latinos the nation’s largest minority group and 16.3% of the total population. There are 196.8 million whites in the U.S. (accounting for 63.7% of the total population), 37.7 million blacks (12.2%) and 14.5 million Asians (4.7%). Six million non-Hispanics, or 1.9% of the U.S. population, checked more than one race.

Complete report (PDF)

Why the sub-750,000 Detroit census count matters

The 2010 Census enumeration for Detroit came in at 713,777, which was a shock to most. Detroit’s relative population loss (-25%) was only rivaled by New Orleans (-30%) among major cities. But, another implication for Detroit is that various Michigan statutes in favor of Detroit are based on “any city with a population of 750,000+.” Detroit no longer meets that requirement.

Read about the implications:

Panic in Detroit: The Motor City and Flaws in the U.S. Census
Matthew Blake | understandinggov.org
May 2, 2011

Detroit’s Disappearing Population – And Revenues
Alan Greenblatt | Reuters (posted by Huffington Post)
April 12, 2011

Official: Detroit census recount would come too late to help in state redistricting
Karen Bouffard | Detroit News
April 12, 2011

Population loss could cost Detroit funds, privileges: Drop below 75000 may mean tax, other state laws need change
Christine MacDonald | Detroit News
March 24, 2011

Detroit’s sub-750,000 Census count may lead to serious fiscal consequences
Jeff T. Wattrick | Mlive.com
March 24, 2011

Talking to the Press?

Our own Bill Frey’s recent publications about demographic change are a good resource before you speak about your local community or a specific population group. Some of these are video clips which would work well in a class. These resources are amazingly rich given the relative thin data one gets from the first release of Census 2010 data: Race/Hispanic for the total population and Race/Hispanic for the age 18+ population. Just wait for him to get hold of the short-form data.

Below are links to the full reports. If you just want to click and see the executive summaries or for all his reports, follow this link:
William H. Frey | Brookings Experts

Census Shows Challenge of America’s Children
April 8, 2011

American’s Diverse Future: Initial Glimpses at the U.S. Child Population form the 2010 Census
April 6, 2011
Link for appendices & executive abstract

The Changing Face of America’s Racial Diversity
March 25, 2011
[video]

A Pivotal Decade for America’s White and Minority Populations
March 25, 2011
[video]

Black Populations Dropping in Big Cities
March 22, 2011
MSNBC News [Full interview]
MSNBC News [Black population migration segment]

@Brookings Podcast: The Census and Changing Demographics in U.S. Schools
March 11, 2011

Growth in School-Age Minority Population Signals Demographic Tipping Point
February 07, 2011

Population Migration Declines Further: Stalling Brain Gains and Ambitions
January 12, 2011