Via: Chronicle of Higher Education, The Ticker
By: Michael Andrew Koicich, Texas Tech University
AERA 2014 Annual Meeting
April 4, 2014
Students from rural areas have a history of lower educational attainment at both the K-12 and postsecondary levels, yet this population remains understudied. This study seeks to update past studies of rural youth by examining college attendance and choice decisions for students from non-metropolitan counties. Logistic regression is used to study the postsecondary attendance and institutional choice for rural students. Data are taken from two national data sets, the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 and the 2004 County Typologies published by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, which are then combined to conduct this analysis. The results of this study reveal clear disadvantages in postsecondary attendance, institutional level, selectivity, and other indicators resulting simply from living in a non-metropolitan county. The effect of most student characteristics did not vary substantially between rural and non-rural areas, but the analysis did reveal one interesting finding: The relationship between college attendance and choice and a student’s socioeconomic status was weaker for rural students than for non-rural students. Some systematic variation across rural communities was revealed, as well.
Full paper (PDF)
By: Katherine Mangan
Source: Chronicle of Higher Education
Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges
Although black and Latino male students enter community colleges with higher aspirations than those of their white peers, white men are six times as likely to graduate in three years with a certificate or degree, according to a report released on Wednesday by the Center for Community College Student Engagement at the University of Texas here.
Full text of the article
Aspirations to Achievement: Report from the Center for Community College Student Engagement (PDF)
Here are two reports on inequality – one for states, including historical data and one for the 50 largest cities. The state-based analysis uses state-level tax data whereas the city-based analysis uses the American Community Survey. The city-based study is referenced in a story in the New York Times.
The Increasingly Unequal States of America: Income Inequality by state, 1917 to 2011
Estelle Sommeiller and Mark Price | Economic Analysis and Research Network
February 19, 2013
All Cities Are Not Created Unequal
Alan Berube | Brookings
February 20, 2014
Appendix: Income Inequality in America’s 50 Largest Cities, 2007-2012
Study Finds Greater Income Inequality in Nation’s Thriving Cities
Annie Lowrey | New York Times
February 20, 2014
By: Kirk Johnson
Source: New York Times
In the nation’s debate about the minimum wage, which President Obama has proposed increasing at the federal level to $10.10 from $7.25, this rolling borderland of onion farms and strip malls provides a test tube of sorts for observing how the minimum wage works in daily life, and how differences in the rate can affect a local economy in sometimes unexpected ways.
Read the full story at the New York Times
Source: The Equality of Opportunity Project
By: Raj Chetty, Nathaniel Hendren, Patrick Kline, Emmanuel Saez, Nicholas Turner
Is America the “Land of Opportunity”? In two recent studies, we find that: (1) Upward income mobility varies substantially within the U.S. Areas with greater mobility tend to have five characteristics: less segregation, less income inequality, better schools, greater social capital, and more stable families. (2) Contrary to popular perception, economic mobility has not changed significantly over time; however, it is consistently lower in the U.S. than in most developed countries.
Executive Summary (PDF) | NBER Working Paper (PDF)
New York Times Interactive Map | Washington Post Interactive Map
Related: A new survey from Pew Research Center and USA Today finds that 65% of adults believe the gap between the rich and and everyone else has grown, but disagree on government intervention.
Pew Research Press Release | Pew Research Report (PDF) | Questionnaire (PDF)
USA Today Story
Economists are at their annual meeting in the teeth of a big snowstorm. In case you missed the conference, here’s the presidential address by Claudia Golden on the cause of the remaining gender gap:
A Grand Gender Convergence: Its Last Chapter
Claudia Goldin | Harvard University
American Economic Association Presidential Address [draft version]
January 4, 2014
More relevant to PSC is that Martha Bailey and Brad Hershbein were awarded the IZA Young Labor Economist Award for their paper The Opt-In Revolution? Contraception, Fertility Timing and the Gender Gap in Wages.
And via Twitter, Justin Wolfers points to some job openings for economists – internet economist.
[Link to Internet Economist article]
Human Behavior Trove Lures Economists to U.S. Tech Titans
By Aki Ito | Bloomberg
January 03, 2014
by: Drew DeSilver
Source: Pew Research Center, FactTank
President Obama took on a topic yesterday that most Americans don’t like to talk about much: inequality. There are a lot of ways to measure economic inequality (and we’ll be discussing more on Fact Tank), but one basic approach is to look at how much income flows to groups at different steps on the economic ladder.
See also: Americans see growing gap between rich and poor
Here are a few posts on the publication process. The first, is a piece that reports that economists would give up half a thumb to publish in AER. Is this true, economists? The next piece is on an app that users can download to ping journals every time there is an article they’d like to read but can’t because of gated access, e.g. an OA button. We even include an image of the button. The final two pieces are on replication, a growing area of interest among the open access community. The first discusses a team that replicated multiple psychology publications. Were they replicable? Read the article. The second discusses using github as a repository for data and code.
Your Right Arm for a Publication in AER?
Arthur Attema, Werner Brower, Job Van Exel | Economic Inquiry
March 24 2013
Abstract | Paper
The time tradeoff (TTO) method is popular in medical decision making for valuing health states. We use it to elicit economists’ preferences for publishing in top economic journals and for living without limbs.
Open Access Button Press Release
November 18, 2013
Tracking and mapping the impact of paywalls one click at a time
Push Button for Open Access
Stephen Curry | The Guardian
November 18, 2013
Psychologists strike a blow for reproducibility
Ed Yong | Nature
November 26, 2013
. . . To tackle this ‘replicability crisis’, 36 research groups formed the Many Labs Replication Project to repeat 13 psychological studies.
Git/GitHub, Transparency, and Legitimacy in Quantitative Research
Zach Jones | The Political Methodologist
November 18, 2013
Reproducibility and R: Neotoma
Simon J. Goring | Williams Lab Meeting
University of Wisconsin -Madison
November 19, 2013
These are slides for a presentation about ways to improve the reproducibility of scientific workflows using R.
Bureau of Labor Statistics Report, October 2013 (PDF):
In 2012, the unemployment rate for the United States was 8.1 percent; however, the rate varied across race and ethnicity groups. The rates were highest for Blacks (13.8 percent) and for American Indians and Alaska Natives (12.3 percent) and lowest for Asians (5.9 percent) and for Whites (7.2 percent). The jobless rate was 10.3 percent for Hispanics, 11.8 percent for Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders, and 11.9 percent for people of Two or More Races.
Differences in labor force characteristics emerge when the race and ethnicity groups are compared. These differences reflect a variety of factors, not all of which are measurable. These factors include variations across the groups in educational attainment; the occupations and industries in which the groups work; the geographic areas of the country in which the groups are concentrated, including whether they tend to reside in urban or rural settings; and the degree of discrimination encountered in the workplace.
See also: The Workforce Is Even More Divided by Race Than you Think in The Atlantic.