Archive for the 'Human Capital, Labor & Wealth' Category

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The Impact of Mental Health Treatment on Low-Income Mothers’ Work

By: Pamela J. Loprest and Austin Nichols
Source: Urban Institute

Abstract:

This study analyzes the impact of mental health problems and mental health treatment on low-income mothers’ employment, using the 2002 National Survey of America’s Families. We find that all mothers, low-income mothers, and low-income single mothers in very poor mental health are significantly less likely to work. Instrumental variables regressions show that mothers receiving mental health treatment are significantly more likely to work. These findings suggest that mental health problems are an important barrier to work among low-income women and that access to treatment for these problems can substantially improve the probability of work for this group.

Full text (PDF)

Young, Underemployed and Optimistic

Coming of Age, Slowly, in a Tough Economy
Source: Pew Research Center, Social & Demographic Trends

From the Executive Summary:

This report is based on findings from a Pew Research Center survey conducted Dec. 6-19, 2011, among 2,048 adults nationwide, including 808 young adults (ages 18 to 34). The report also draws on data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Here is a summary of the key findings:

  • Young adults hit hard by the recession.
  • Public says today’s young adults have it harder than their parents did.
  • Tough economic times altering young adults’ daily lives, long-term plans.
  • Adulthood begins later than it used to.
  • For young adults, bad times don’t trump optimism.
  • Older adults have maintained their standard of living.
  • Among the employed, job satisfaction has remained steady.
  • But young workers feel more vulnerable than they used to.
  • Few young workers see their current job as a “career.”
  • Most young workers say they don’t have the education and training to get ahead.
  • College enrollment rates are tied to employment declines among the young.

Full report (PDF)

School Enrollment in the United States: 2010

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Press Release:

These national statistics describe a wide variety of student characteristics at all levels of school, from nursery to graduate. The tables provide information by age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, family income, type of college, employment status and vocational course enrollment. The statistics are produced from the October School Enrollment Supplement to the Current Population Survey; historical tables are provided.

Detailed tables (HTML)

Guide to Statistics on Historical Trends in Income Inequality

A Guide to Statistics on Historical Trends in Income Inequality
C. Stone, H. Shaw, D. Trisi and A. Sherman | Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
November 28, 2011

This resource is from the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. It provides information on the (a) commonly used sources and statistics, including a discussion of relatives strengths and limitations; (b) an overview of the trends over the last ~60 years; (c) an overview of how the most well-off Americans and doing; (d) an overview of how the least well-off Americans are doing.

[Link to PDF version]

The Rising Age Gap in Economic Well-being

The Rising Age Gap in Economic Well-being: The Old Prosper Relative to the Young
By: Richard Fry, D’Vera Cohn, Gretchen Livingston and Paul Taylor
Source: Pew Research Center

From Overview:

Households headed by older adults have made dramatic gains relative to those headed by younger adults in their economic well-being over the past quarter of a century, according to a new Pew Research Center analysis of a wide array of government data.

In 2009, households headed by adults ages 65 and older possessed 42% more median1 net worth (assets minus debt) than households headed by their same-aged counterparts had in 1984. During this same period, the wealth of households headed by younger adults moved in the opposite direction. In 2009, households headed by adults younger than 35 had 68% less wealth than households of their same-aged counterparts had in 1984.

Full report (PDF)

Trends in the Distribution of Income

Trends in the Distribution of Household Income Between 1979 and 2007
Source: Congressional Budget Office (CBO)

From the CBO Director’s Blog:

From 1979 to 2007, real (inflation-adjusted) average household income, measured after government transfers and federal taxes, grew by 62 percent. That growth was not equal across the income distribution: Income after government transfers and federal taxes (denoted as after-tax income) for households at the higher end of the income scale rose much more rapidly than income for households in the middle and at the lower end of the income scale.

In a study prepared at the request of the Chairman and former Ranking Member of the Senate Committee on Finance, CBO examines the trends in the distribution of household income between 1979 and 2007. (Those endpoints allow comparisons between periods of similar overall economic activity.)

Report summary (PDF)
Full report (PDF)

Trends in High School Dropout and Completion Rates in the United States: 1972–2009

Trends in High School Dropout and Completion Rates in the United States: 1972–2009
By: Chris Chapman, Jennifer Laird, Nicole Ifill and Angelina KewalRamani
Source: National Center for Education Statistics

Description:

This report updates a series of NCES reports on high school dropout and completion rates that began in 1988. The report includes national and regional population estimates for the percentage of students who dropped out of high school between 2008 and 2009, the percentage of young people who were dropouts in 2009, and the percentage of young people who were not in high school and had some form of high school credential in 2009. Data are presented by a number of characteristics including race/ethnicity, sex, and age. Annual data for these population estimates are provided for the 1972-2009 period. Information about the high school class of 2009 is also presented in the form on on-time graduation rates from public high schools.

Download report (PDF)

The Economic Impact of Immigrant-Related Local Ordinances

The Economic Impact of Immigrant-Related Local Ordinances
Source: The Americas Society

From the publication page:

This Americas Society white paper provides the first comparative look at the average economic effects of how restrictive versus non-restrictive immigration-related city ordinances affect a city’s business environment. In a context of high unemployment and lackluster business growth, along with rising anxieties regarding immigration in the United States, we believe it essential to provide a better understanding of how policies that seek to restrict immigration and those that support more flexible approaches affect the economies of communities across the country.

Download the PDF of the white paper
Access an appendix of sources for city ordinances (PDF)

Economic Insecurity After the Great Recession

Women and Men Living on the Edge: Economic Insecurity After the Great Recession
By Jeff Hays and Heidi Hartmann
Source: Institute for Women’s Policy Research

From Executive Summary:

The IWPR/Rockefeller Survey of Economic Security, like several other recent surveys, finds that the effects of the 2007–2009 recession, known as the Great Recession, are both broad and deep. The IWPR/Rockefeller survey shows that more than one and a half years after the recession came to an official end, and the recovery supposedly began, many women and men report that they are still suffering significant hardships. They are having difficulty paying for basics like food (26 million women and 15 million men), health care (46 million women and 34 million men), rent or mortgage (32 million women and 25 million men), transportation (37 million women and 28 million men), utility bills (41 million women and 27 million men), and they have difficulty saving for the future (65 million women and 53 million men). On almost every measure of insecurity and hardship the survey reveals the Great Recession has visited more hardship on women than it has on men.

Download full report

Global Hunger Index 2011

Global Hunger Index 2011. The challenge of hunger: Taming price spikes and excessive food price volatility
Source: International Food Policy Research Institute

From the Summary:

This year’s Global Hunger Index (GHI) shows that global hunger has declined since 1990, but not dramatically, and remains at a level characterized as “serious.”

Across regions and countries, GHI scores vary greatly. The highest GHI scores occur in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. South Asia reduced its GHI score substantially between 1990 and 1996, but this fast progress could not be maintained. Though Sub-Saharan Africa made less progress than South Asia after 1990, it has caught up since the turn of the millennium.

Download Full Report (PDF)