Archive for the 'Working Papers' Category

New NBER Working Papers

Efficacy vs. Equity: What Happens When States Tinker with College Admissions in a Race-Blind Era?
by Sandra E. Black, Kalena E. Cortes, Jane Arnold Lincove #20804
Abstract; PDF

The Effects of Youth Employment: Evidence from New York City Summer Youth Employment Program Lotteries
by Alexander Gelber, Adam Isen, Judd B. Kessler #20810
Abstract; PDF

The Roles of Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills in Moderating the Effects of Mixed-Ability Schools on Long-Term Health
by Anirban Basu, Andrew M. Jones, Pedro Rosa Dias #20811
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Measuring Consumer Valuation of Limited Provider Networks
by Keith Marzilli Ericson, Amanda Starc #20812
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Field of Study, Earnings, and Self-Selection
by Lars Kirkeboen, Edwin Leuven, Magne Mogstad #20816
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Can Health Insurance Competition Work? Evidence from Medicare Advantage
by Vilsa Curto, Liran Einav, Jonathan Levin, Jay Bhattacharya #20818
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Leveling Up: Early Results from a Randomized Evaluation of Post-Secondary Aid
by Joshua Angrist, David Autor, Sally Hudson, Amanda Pallais #20800
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Income-based Inequality in Educational Outcomes: Learning from State Longitudinal Data Systems
by John P. Papay, Richard J. Murnane, John B. Willett #20802
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The Fluidity of Race: “Passing” in the United States, 1880-1940
by Emily Nix, Nancy Qian #20828
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Patronage Politics and the Development of the Welfare State: Confederate Pensions in the American South
by Shari Eli, Laura Salisbury #20829
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The Returns to the Federal Tax Credits for Higher Education
by George B. Bulman, Caroline M. Hoxby #20833
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Cognitive Economics
by Miles S. Kimball #20834
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Medicaid as an Investment in Children: What is the Long-Term Impact on Tax Receipts?
by David W. Brown, Amanda E. Kowalski, Ithai Z. Lurie #20835
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Bounding the Labor Supply Responses to a Randomized Welfare Experiment: A Revealed Preference Approach
by Patrick Kline, Melissa Tartari #20838
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Does Delay Cause Decay? The Effect of Administrative Decision Time on the Labor Force Participation and Earnings of Disability Applicants
by David H. Autor, Nicole Maestas, Kathleen J. Mullen, Alexander Strand #20840
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Technology and Labor Regulations: Theory and Evidence
by Alberto Alesina, Michele Battisti, Joseph Zeira #20841
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Long Run Effects of Free School Choice: College Attainment, Employment, Earnings, and Social Outcomes at Adulthood
by Victor Lavy #20843
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Migration, Congestion Externalities, and the Evaluation of Spatial Investments
by Taryn Dinkelman, Sam Schulhofer-Wohl #20842
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The Effects of School Spending on Educational and Economic Outcomes: Evidence from School Finance Reforms
by C. Kirabo Jackson, Rucker C. Johnson, Claudia Persico #20847
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Student Loans and Repayment: Theory, Evidence and Policy
by Lance Lochner, Alexander Monge-Naranjo #20849
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Borrowing Trouble? Student Loans, the Cost of Borrowing, and Implications for the Effectiveness of Need-Based Grant Aid
by Benjamin M. Marx, Lesley J. Turner #20850
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Accounting for Changes in Between-Group Inequality
by Ariel Burstein, Eduardo Morales, Jonathan Vogel #20855
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What High-Achieving Low-Income Students Know About College
by Caroline Hoxby, Sarah Turner #20861
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Municipal Housekeeping: The Impact of Women’s Suffrage on Public Education
by Celeste K. Carruthers, Marianne H. Wanamaker #20864
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Microeconomic Origins of Macroeconomic Tail Risks
by Daron Acemoglu, Asuman Ozdaglar, Alireza Tahbaz-Salehi #20865
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Sacred Values? The Effect of Information on Attitudes toward Payments for Human Organs
by Julio J. Elias, Nicola Lacetera, Mario Macis #20866
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The Effect of Unemployment Benefits on the Duration of Unemployment Insurance Receipt: New Evidence from a Regression Kink Design in Missouri, 2003-2013
by David Card, Andrew Johnston, Pauline Leung, Alexandre Mas, Zhuan Pei #20869
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New NBER Working Papers

Does the Environment Still Matter? Daily Temperature and Income in the United States
by Tatyana Deryugina, Solomon M. Hsiang #20750
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One Size does not Fit All: Multiple Dimensions of Ability, College Attendance and Wages
by Maria F. Prada, Sergio S. Urzua #20752
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Accidental Environmentalists? Californian Demand for Teslas and Solar Panels
by Magali A. Delmas, Matthew E. Kahn, Stephen Locke #20754
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Retirement Timing of Women and the Role of Care Responsibilities for Grandchildren
by Robin L. Lumsdaine, Stephanie J.C. Vermeer #20756
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Early Health Shocks, Intrahousehold Resource Allocation, and Child Outcomes
by Junjian Yi, James J. Heckman, Junsen Zhang, Gabriella Conti #20757
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Unilateral Facilitation Does Not Raise International Labor Migration from the Philippines
by Emily Beam, David McKenzie, Dean Yang #20759
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Women Helping Women? Evidence from Private Sector Data on Workplace Hierarchies
by Astrid Kunze, Amalia R. Miller #20761 (LE LS)
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Race, Ethnicity and High-Cost Mortgage Lending
by Patrick Bayer, Fernando Ferreira, Stephen L. Ross #20762
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Medium-Term Health Impacts of Shocks Experienced In Utero and After Birth: Evidence from Detailed Geographic Information on War Exposure
by Richard Akresh, German Daniel Caruso, Harsha Thirumurthy #20763
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The Impact of Education on Health and Health Behavior in a Middle-Income, Low-Education Country
by Resul Cesur, Bahadir Dursun, Naci Mocan #20764
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Racial Differences in Health in Long-Run Perspective: A Brief Introduction
by Leah Boustan, Robert A. Margo #20765
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Demand Analysis using Strategic Reports: An application to a school choice mechanism
by Nikhil Agarwal, Paulo Somaini #20775
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Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya
by Esther Duflo, Pascaline Dupas, Michael Kremer #20784
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Gender
by Muriel Niederle #20788
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Sources of Geographic Variation in Health Care: Evidence from Patient Migration
by Amy Finkelstein, Matthew Gentzkow, Heidi Williams #20789
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Are the World’s Poorest Being Left Behind?
by Martin Ravallion #20791
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Charters Without Lotteries: Testing Takeovers in New Orleans and Boston
by Atila Abdulkadiroglu, Joshua D. Angrist, Peter D. Hull, Parag A. Pathak #20792
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How financially literate are women? An overview and new insights
by Tabea Bucher-Koenen, Annamaria Lusardi, Rob Alessie, Maarten van Rooij #20793
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How’s Life at Home? New Evidence on Marriage and the Set Point for Happiness
by John F. Helliwell, Shawn Grover #20794 (AG PE)
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Illegal Immigration, State Law, and Deterrence
by Mark Hoekstra, Sandra Orozco-Aleman #20801
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New NBER Working Papers

Measuring the Sensitivity of Parameter Estimates to Sample Statistics
by Matthew Gentzkow, Jesse M. Shapiro #20673
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Subjective Beliefs, Deterrence, and the Propensity to Drive While Intoxicated
by Yiqun Chen, Frank Sloan #20680
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New Linked Data on Research Investments: Scientific Workforce, Productivity, and Public Value
by Julia Lane, Jason Owen-Smith, Rebecca Rosen, Bruce Weinberg #20683
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Empirical Linkages between Good Government and National Well-being
by John F. Helliwell, Haifang Huang, Shawn Grover, Shun Wang #20686
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Does Reading During the Summer Build Reading Skills? Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in 463 Classrooms
by Jonathan Guryan, James S. Kim, David M. Quinn #20689
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Are Public Sector Jobs Recession-Proof? Were They Ever?
by Jason L. Kopelman, Harvey S. Rosen #20692
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Unemployment in the Great Recession: A Comparison of Germany, Canada and the United States
by Florian Hoffmann, Thomas Lemieux #20694
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Toward an Understanding of Reference-Dependent Labor Supply: Theory and Evidence from a Field Experiment
by Steffen Andersen, Uri Gneezy, Alec Brandon, John A. List #20695
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The Emotional Consequences of Donation Opportunities
by Lara B. Aknin, Guy Mayraz, John F. Helliwell #20696
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Farms, Families, and Markets: New Evidence on Agricultural Labor Markets
by Daniel LaFave, Duncan Thomas #20699
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Public School Choice: An Economic Analysis
by Levon Barseghyan, Damon Clark, Stephen Coate #20701
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Extended Families and Child Well-being
by Daniel LaFave, Duncan Thomas #20702
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The Impact of Health Insurance Expansion on Physician Treatment Choice: Medicare Part D and Physician Prescribing
by Tianyan Hu, Sandra L. Decker, Shin-Yi Chou #20708
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House Prices, Local Demand, and Retail Prices
by Johannes Stroebel, Joseph Vavra #20710
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How Does Peer Pressure Affect Educational Investments?
by Leonardo Bursztyn, Robert Jensen #20714
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Climate Change Adaptation: Lessons from Urban Economics
by Matthew E. Kahn #20716
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Can Unemployment Insurance Spur Entrepreneurial Activity?
by David Sraer, David Thesmar, Antoinette Schoar, Johan Hombert #20717
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Pareto and Piketty: The Macroeconomics of Top Income and Wealth Inequality
by Charles I. Jones #20742
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Unemployment and Health Behaviors Over the Business Cycle: a Longitudinal View
by Gregory Colman, Dhaval Dave #20748
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Fostering and Measuring Skills: Improving Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills to Promote Lifetime Success
by Tim Kautz, James J. Heckman, Ron Diris, Bas ter Weel, Lex Borghans #20749
Abstract; PDF

New NBER Working Papers

Will They Take the Money and Work? An Empirical Analysis of People’s Willingness to Delay Claiming Social Security Benefits for a Lump Sum
by Raimond Maurer, Olivia S. Mitchell, Ralph Rogalla, Tatjana Schimetschek #20614
Abstract; PDF

More on Recent Evidence on the Effects of Minimum Wages in the United States
by David Neumark, J.M. Ian Salas, William Wascher #20619
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Estimation of Dynamic Discrete Choice Models by Maximum Likelihood and the Simulated Method of Moments
by Phillipp Eisenhauer, James J. Heckman, Stefano Mosso #20622
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Wealth Inequality in the United States since 1913: Evidence from Capitalized Income Tax Data
by Emmanuel Saez, Gabriel Zucman #20625
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What Should I Be When I Grow Up? Occupations and Unemployment over the Life Cycle
by Martin Gervais, Nir Jaimovich, Henry E. Siu, Yaniv Yedid-Levi #20628
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Affirmative Action and Stereotypes in Higher Education Admissions
by Prasad Krishnamurthy, Aaron Edlin #20629
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Family Planning: Program Effects
by Grant Miller, Kimberly Singer Babiarz #20586
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The Contribution of Behavior Change and Public Health to Improved U.S. Population Health
by Susan T. Stewart, David M. Cutler #20631
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A Schumpeterian Model of Top Income Inequality
by Charles I. Jones, Jihee Kim #20637
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Inputs in the Production of Early Childhood Human Capital: Evidence from Head Start
by Christopher Walters #20639
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The Demand for Effective Charter Schools
by Christopher R. Walters #20640
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The Evolution of Charter School Quality
by Patrick L. Baude, Marcus Casey, Eric A. Hanushek, Steven G. Rivkin #20645
Abstract; PDF

The Long Run Human Capital and Economic Consequences of High-Stakes Examinations
by Victor Lavy, Avraham Ebenstein, Sefi Roth #20647
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Do Beliefs Justify Actions or Do Actions Justify Beliefs? An Experiment on Stated Beliefs, Revealed Beliefs, and Social-Image Manipulation
by James Andreoni, Alison Sanchez #20649
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The War on Poverty’s Experiment in Public Medicine: Community Health Centers and the Mortality of Older Americans
by Martha J. Bailey, Andrew Goodman-Bacon #20653
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Is it all worth it? The experiences of new PhDs on the job market, 2007-2010
by Brooke Helppie McFall, Marta Murray-Close, Robert J. Willis #20654
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Political Polarization, Anticipated Health Insurance Uptake and Individual Mandate: A view from the Washington State
by Anirban Basu, Norma B. Coe, David E. Grembowski, Larry Kessler #20655
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Validating Teacher Effect Estimates Using Changes in Teacher Assignments in Los Angeles
by Andrew Bacher-Hicks, Thomas J. Kane, Douglas O. Staiger #20657
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Gray Matters: Fetal Pollution Exposure and Human Capital Formation
by Prashant Bharadwaj, Joshua Graff Zivin, Matthew Gibson, Christopher A. Neilson #20662
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Does Management Matter in Schools
by Nicholas Bloom, Renata Lemos, Raffaella Sadun, John Van Reenen #20667
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The Effect of High-Skilled Immigration on Patenting and Employment: Evidence from H-1B Visa Lotteries
by Kirk Doran, Alexander Gelber, Adam Isen #20668
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Social Investments, Informal Risk Sharing, and Inequality
by Attila Ambrus, Arun G. Chandrasekhar, Matt Elliott #20669
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Working Papers from the NBER

Sorting Between and Within Industries: A Testable Model of Assortative Matching
by John M. Abowd, Francis Kramarz, Sebastien Perez-Duarte, Ian M. Schmutte #20472
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Slow to Hire, Quick to Fire: Employment Dynamics with Asymmetric Responses to News
by Cosmin Ilut, Matthias Kehrig, Martin Schneider #20473
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The Biocultural Origins of Human Capital Formation
by Oded Galor, Marc Klemp #20474
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Constitutional Rights and Education: An International Comparative Study
by Sebastian Edwards, Alvaro Garcia Marin #20475
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Labor Market Fluidity and Economic Performance
by Steven J. Davis, John Haltiwanger #20479
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Self-regulation and Health
by Henry Saffer #20483
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Polanyi’s Paradox and the Shape of Employment Growth
by David Autor #20485
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Fertility and Financial Development: Evidence from U.S. Counties in the 19th Century
by Alberto Basso, Howard Bodenhorn, David Cuberes #20491
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Household Debt: Facts, Puzzles, Theories, and Policies
by Jonathan Zinman #20496
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Cities and the Environment
by Matthew E. Kahn, Randall Walsh #20503
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Finishing Degrees and Finding Jobs: U.S. Higher Education and the Flow of Foreign IT Workers
by John Bound, Murat Demirci, Gaurav Khanna, Sarah Turner #20505
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Demographics and Entrepreneurship
by James Liang, Hui Wang, Edward P. Lazear #20506
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Misclassification in Binary Choice Models
by Bruce Meyer, Nikolas Mittag #20509
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The Impact of No Child Left Behind’s Accountability Sanctions on School Performance: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from North Carolina
by Thomas Ahn, Jacob Vigdor #20511
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Immigration, International Collaboration, and Innovation: Science and Technology Policy in the Global Economy
by Richard B. Freeman #20521
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Remittance Responses to Temporary Discounts: A Field Experiment among Central American Migrants
by Kate Ambler, Diego Aycinena, Dean Yang #20522
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Why is Infant Mortality Higher in the US than in Europe?
by Alice Chen, Emily Oster, Heidi Williams #20525
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Causal Inference in Urban and Regional Economics
by Nathaniel Baum-Snow, Fernando Ferreira #20535
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Regulation and Housing Supply
by Joseph Gyourko, Raven Molloy #20536
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The Effect of Substance Use Disorder Treatment Use on Crime: Evidence from Public Insurance Expansions and Health Insurance Parity Mandates
by Hefei Wen, Jason M. Hockenberry, Janet R. Cummings #20537
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Early Life Environment and Racial Inequality in Education and Earnings in the United States
by Kenneth Y. Chay, Jonathan Guryan, Bhashkar Mazumder #20539
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Distributional Effects of Means Testing Social Security: An Exploratory Analysis
by Alan Gustman, Thomas Steinmeier, Nahid Tabatabai #20546
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Annuitized Wealth and Post-Retirement Saving
by John Laitner, Daniel Silverman, Dmitriy Stolyarov #20547
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Compulsory Schooling Laws and Formation of Beliefs: Education, Religion and Superstition
by Naci Mocan, Luiza Pogorelova #20557
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The Glass Ceiling and The Paper Floor: Gender Differences among Top Earners, 1981-2012
by Fatih Guvenen, Greg Kaplan, Jae Song #20560
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Why Do People Give? Testing Pure and Impure Altruism
by Mark Ottoni-Wilhelm, Lise Vesterlund, Huan Xie #20497
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How Much Are Public School Teachers Willing to Pay for Their Retirement Benefits?
by Maria Donovan Fitzpatrick #20582
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The Great Recession, Decline and Rebound in Household Wealth for the Near Retirement Population
by Alan L. Gustman, Thomas L. Steinmeier, Nahid Tabatabai #20584
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Climate and Conflict
by Marshall Burke, Solomon M. Hsiang, Edward Miguel #20598
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The Comparative Advantage of Cities
by Donald R. Davis, Jonathan I. Dingel #20602
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Why You Can’t Find a Taxi in the Rain and Other Labor Supply Lessons from Cab Drivers
by Henry S. Farber #20604
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Knowledge-based Hierarchies: Using Organizations to Understand the Economy
by Luis Garicano, Esteban Rossi-Hansberg #20607
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Behavioral Economics of Education: Progress and Possibilities
by Adam M. Lavecchia, Heidi Liu, Philip Oreopoulos #20609
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Working Papers from the NBER

Within-Mother Estimates of the Effects of WIC on Birth Outcomes in New York City
by Janet Currie, Ishita Rajani #20400
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Why High-order Polynomials Should not be Used in Regression Discontinuity Designs
by Andrew Gelman, Guido Imbens #20405
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Methods of Identification in Social Networks
by Bryan S. Graham #20414
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Immigration and the Economy of Cities and Regions
by Ethan Lewis, Giovanni Peri #20428
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Experimental Evidence on Distributional Effects of Head Start
by Marianne P. Bitler, Hilary W. Hoynes, Thurston Domina #20434
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The Impact of Family Composition on Educational Achievement
by Stacey H. Chen, Yen-Chien Chen, Jin-Tan Liu #20443
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Is the ‘Quarter of Birth’ Endogenous? Evidence From One Million Siblings in Taiwan
by Elliott Fan, Jin-Tan Liu, Yen-Chien Chen #20444
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It’s Where You Work: Increases in Earnings Dispersion across Establishments and Individuals in the U.S.
by Erling Barth, Alex Bryson, James C. Davis, Richard Freeman #20447
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The Effects of Mortality on Fertility: Population Dynamics after a Natural Disaster
by Jenna Nobles, Elizabeth Frankenberg, Duncan Thomas #20448
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Long Workweeks and Strange Hours
by Daniel S. Hamermesh, Elena Stancanelli #20449
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Does Gifted Education Work? For Which Students?
by David Card, Laura Giuliano #20453
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The Price of Experience
by Hyeok Jeong, Yong Kim, Iourii Manovskii #20457
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New Working Papers from the NBER

Lead Exposure and Behavior: Effects on Antisocial and Risky Behavior among Children and Adolescents
by Jessica Wolpaw Reyes #20366
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The 9/11 Dust Cloud and Pregnancy Outcomes: A Reconsideration
by Janet Currie, Hannes Schwandt #20368
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Social Norms and the Enforcement of Laws
by Daron Acemoglu, Matthew O. Jackson #20369
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Spousal Labor Market Effects from Government Health Insurance: Evidence from a Veterans Affairs Expansion
by Melissa A. Boyle, Joanna N. Lahey #20371
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Spatial Errors in Count Data Regressions
by Marinho Bertanha, Petra Moser #20374
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Welfare Implications of Learning Through Solicitation versus Diversification in Health Care
by Anirban Basu #20376
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The Roots of Gender Inequality in Developing Countries
by Seema Jayachandran #20380
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Skill Gaps, Skill Shortages and Skill Mismatches: Evidence for the US
by Peter Cappelli #20382
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Does the Gender of Offspring Affect Parental Political Orientation?
by Byungkyu Lee, Dalton Conley #20384
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The Evolution of Rotation Group Bias: Will the Real Unemployment Rate Please Stand Up?
by Alan Krueger, Alexandre Mas, Xiaotong Niu #20396
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Affirmative Action and Human Capital Investment: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment
by Christopher Cotton, Brent R. Hickman, Joseph P. Price #20397
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Does Labor Legislation Benefit Workers? Well-Being after an Hours Reduction
by Daniel S. Hamermesh, Daiji Kawaguchi, Jungmin Lee #20398
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Working Papers From the NBER

Identifying Long-Run Risks: A Bayesian Mixed-Frequency Approach
by Frank Schorfheide, Dongho Song, Amir Yaron #20303
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The Persistence and Heterogeneity of Health among Older Americans
by Florian Heiss, Steven F. Venti, David A. Wise #20306
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The Micro and Macro of Disappearing Routine Jobs: A Flows Approach
by Guido Matias Cortes, Nir Jaimovich, Christopher J. Nekarda, Henry E. Siu #20307
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Expanding the School Breakfast Program: Impacts on Children’s Consumption, Nutrition and Health
by Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach, Mary Zaki #20308
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When Incentives Matter Too Much: Explaining Significant Responses to Irrelevant Information
by Thomas Ahn, Jacob L. Vigdor #20321
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Finite Population Causal Standard Errors
by Alberto Abadie, Susan Athey, Guido W. Imbens, Jeffrey M. Wooldridge #20325
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Should Student Employment Be Subsidized? Conditional Counterfactuals and the Outcomes of Work-Study Participation
by Judith Scott-Clayton, Veronica Minaya #20329
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Non-Adherence In Health Care: A Positive and Normative Analysis
by Mark Egan, Tomas J. Philipson #20330
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Medical Marijuana Laws and Teen Marijuana Use
by D. Mark Anderson, Benjamin Hansen, Daniel I. Rees #20332
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Broken or Fixed Effects?
by Charles E. Gibbons, Juan Carlos Suarez Serrato, Michael B. Urbancic #20342
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How Does Family Health Care Use Respond to Economic Shocks? Realized and Anticipated Effects
by Alan C. Monheit, Irina Grafova, Rizie Kumar #20348
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Urban Vibrancy and Corporate Growth
by Casey Dougal, Christopher A. Parsons, Sheridan Titman #20350
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The Causal Effect of Environmental Catastrophe on Long-Run Economic Growth: Evidence From 6,700 Cyclones
by Solomon M. Hsiang, Amir S. Jina #20352
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Positive Externalities of Social Insurance: Unemployment Insurance and Consumer Credit
by Joanne W. Hsu, David A. Matsa, Brian T. Melzer #20353
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The Economics of Density: Evidence from the Berlin Wall
by Gabriel M. Ahlfeldt, Stephen J. Redding, Daniel M. Sturm, Nikolaus Wolf #20354
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Affirmative Action Bans and Black Admission Outcomes: Selection-Corrected Estimates from UC Law Schools
by Danny Yagan #20361
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Working Papers From the NBER

Learning Millennial-Style
by Bruce I. Carlin, Li Jiang, Stephen A. Spiller #20268
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Educational Assortative Mating and Household Income Inequality
by Lasse Eika, Magne Mogstad, Basit Zafar #20271
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Fertility Decline and Missing Women
by Seema Jayachandran #20272
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Long-Term Unemployment and the Great Recession: The Role of Composition, Duration Dependence, and Non-Participation
by Kory Kroft, Fabian Lange, Matthew J. Notowidigdo, Lawrence F. Katz #20273
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Tractable and Consistent Random Graph Models
by Arun G. Chandrasekhar, Matthew O. Jackson #20276
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Typhoid Fever, Water Quality, and Human Capital Formation
by Brian Beach, Joseph Ferrie, Martin Saavedra, Werner Troesken #20279
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The Prison Boom and the Lack of Black Progress after Smith and Welch
by Derek Neal, Armin Rick #20283
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Improving Educational Outcomes in Developing Countries: Lessons from Rigorous Evaluations
by Richard Murnane, Alejandro J. Ganimian #20284
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What Policies Increase Prosocial Behavior? An Experiment with Referees at the Journal of Public Economics
by Raj Chetty, Emmanuel Saez, Laszlo Sandor #20290
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Unhappy Cities
by Edward L. Glaeser, Joshua D. Gottlieb, Oren Ziv #20291
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Inducing Leaders to Take Risky Decisions: Dismissal, Tenure, and Term Limits
by Philippe Aghion, Matthew Jackson #20301
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Marital Disruption and Health Insurance
by H. Elizabeth Peters, Kosali Simon, Jamie Rubenstein Taber #20233
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Transportation Costs and the Spatial Organization of Economic Activity
by Stephen J. Redding, Matthew A. Turner #20235
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Punishment and Deterrence: Evidence from Drunk Driving
by Benjamin Hansen #20243
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Life Cycle Earnings, Education Premiums and Internal Rates of Return
by Manudeep Bhuller, Magne Mogstad, Kjell G. Salvanes #20250
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Free to Leave? A Welfare Analysis of Divorce Regimes
by Raquel Fernandez, Joyce Cheng Wong #20251
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Income Inequality, Social Mobility, and the Decision to Drop Out of High School
by Melissa S. Kearney, Phillip B. Levine #20195
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Heterogeneity in the Value of Life
by Joseph E. Aldy, Seamus J. Smyth #20206
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Parenting with Style: Altruism and Paternalism in Intergenerational Preference Transmission
by Matthias Doepke, Fabrizio Zilibotti #20214
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Flaking Out: Student Absences and Snow Days as Disruptions of Instructional Time
by Joshua Goodman #20221
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“Sticker Shock” in Individual Insurance under Health Reform
by Mark Pauly, Scott Harrington, Adam Leive #20223
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Intrahousehold Inequality
by Pierre-Andre Chiappori, Costas Meghir #20191
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Impact of Premium Subsidies on the Take-up of Health Insurance: Evidence from the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)
by Asako S. Moriya, Kosali Simon #20196
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Women’s Income and Marriage Markets in the United States: Evidence from the Civil War Pension
by Laura Salisbury #20201
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Access to Health Insurance and the Use of Inpatient Medical Care: Evidence from the Affordable Care Act Young Adult Mandate
by Yaa Akosa Antwi, Asako S. Moriya, Kosali Simon #20202
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QSEP Research Reports

Population Consequences of Male Selection at Birth When The Sex Probabilities Can Be Altered
by Frank T. Denton and Byron G. Spencer
We explore the implications of male preference stopping rules for a stable population, and more generally the aggregate implications of higher male/female birth ratios. We begin by specifying nine alternative family stopping rules, derive their probability functions, and simulate the long-run effects on population growth rates and age and sex ratios. We then move away from the idea of explicit stopping rules and simulate the population effects of 81 alternative combinations of birth sex ratios and fertility rates under (implicit) preference for male children. The results show how male preference and fertility choices at the individual family level can affect the overall characteristics of a population.
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Changes in Wage Distributions of Wage Earners in Canada: 2000-2005
by Kao-Lee Liaw and Lei Xu
This research attempts to figure out whether the wage distributions of Canadian wage earners have been moving towards or away from the flowing three ideals in the early part of the 21th century. First, there be a pattern of wage increase that is shared by a large majority of wage earners. Second, the historical gender inequality in wage be reduced. Third, there be a decrease in wage inequality for both males and females. We use the long-form records of the 2001 and 2006 population censuses to carry out our investigation. A nice feature of these records is that the values of income variables are not top-coded so that the true averages will not be understated and good insights into the situations of those with extremely high incomes can be obtained. We are disappointed by finding that the Canadian economy mostly drifted away from our three ideals, with the main exception being that for female wage earners the improvement in wage was fortunately shared by a large majority. We believe that an important reason for our disappointing finding is the progressive entrenchment of market fundamentalism in Canada. Incidentally, we have discovered that Statistics Canada did a good job in designing the 2006 census questionnaire so that the annoying choppiness that occurred to the 2000 wage distributions vanished in the 2005 wage distributions.
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