Archive for the 'Working Papers' Category

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Working Papers from Bowling Green State University

Unmarried Boomers Confront Old Age: A National Portrait
By: I-Fen Lin and Susan L. Brown
PDF

The Party’s Over: The Influence of SES on the Association between Alcohol Use and Young Adult Well-Being
By: Patrick M. Seffrin, Peggy C. Giodano, Wendy D. Manning, and Monica A. Longmore
PDF

Unintended Fertility and the Stability of Coresidential Relationships
Karen Benjamin Guzzo and Sarah R. Hayford
PDF

The Myth of the Middle-Class Single Mother: Decomposing Demographic Change in Nonmarital Fertility, 1988-2008
Karen Benjamin Guzzo and Sarah R. Hayford
PDF

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

The Demographic Transition: Causes and Consequences
Oded Galor
Abstract; PDF

The “Out of Africa” Hypothesis, Human Genetic Diversity, and Comparative Economic Development
Quamrul Ashraf, Oded Galor
Abstract; PDF

Inequality, Human Capital Formation and the Process of Development
Oded Galor
Abstract; PDF

Cultural Diversity, Geographical Isolation, and the Origin of the Wealth of Nations
Quamrul Ashraf, Oded Galor
Abstract; PDF

Long Term Impacts of Compensatory Preschool on Health and Behavior: Evidence from Head Start
Pedro Carneiro, Rita Ginja
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of Ethnic Identity on the Employment of Immigrants
(revised version forthcoming in: Review of Economics of the Household)
Nick Drydakis
Abstract; PDF

Child Care Subsidies, Maternal Well-Being, and Child-Parent Interactions: Evidence from Three Nationally Representative Datasets
Chris M. Herbst, Erdal Tekin
Abstract; PDF

International Comparisons in Health Economics: Evidence from Aging Studies
James Banks, James P. Smith
Abstract; PDF

Is There Such Thing as Middle Class Values? Class Differences, Values and Political Orientations in Latin America
Luis Felipe López-Calva, Jamele Rigolini, Florencia Torche
Abstract; PDF

Does Additional Spending Help Urban Schools? An Evaluation Using Boundary Discontinuities
Steve Gibbons, Sandra McNally, Martina Viarengo
Abstract; PDF

The Complexity of Immigrant Generations: Implications for Assessing the Socioeconomic Integration of Hispanics and Asians
Brian Duncan, Stephen Trejo
Abstract; PDF

Less Myth, More Measurement: Decomposing Excess Returns from the 1989 Minimum Wage Hike
Carl Lin
Abstract; PDF

Working Papers from the California Center for Population Research

Causal Effect Heterogeneity
By: Jennie Brand and Juli Simon Thomas
PDF

Subsidized Housing and the Concentration of Poverty, 1977-2008: A Comparison between Eight US Cities
By: Yana Andreeva Kucheva
PDF

Mexican Migration and Union Formation in Sending Communities: A Research Note
By: Kate Choi
PDF

The “Difference Between Heaven and Earth”: Urban-Rural Disparities in Health and Well-being in China
By: Donald J. Treiman
PDF

Fertility Patterns in the Context of Mexican Migration to the United States: Childbearing Before and After Migration
By: Kate Choi
PDF

Cohort Effects or Period Effects?: Fertility Decline in South Korea in the 20th Century
By: Dongoh Kye
PDF

International Migration and the Distribution of Schooling in the Next Generation
By: Kate Choi and Robert D. Mare
PDF

Pathways to Educational Homogamy in Marital and Cohabiting Union
By: Christine R. Schwartz
PDF
Published As: Demography, Volume 47, Number 3, August 2010, pp. 735-753

New Working Papers from the NBER

The Long-Term Impacts of Teachers: Teacher Value-Added and Student Outcomes in Adulthood
by Raj Chetty, John N. Friedman, Jonah E. Rockoff
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of Providing Breakfast on Student Performance: Evidence from an In-Class Breakfast Program
by Scott A. Imberman, Adriana D. Kugler
Abstract; PDF

Do High-School Teachers Really Matter?
by C. Kirabo Jackson
Abstract; PDF

Technology and the Changing Family: A Unified Model of Marriage, Divorce, Educational Attainment and Married Female Labor-Force Participation
by Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, Georgi Kocharkov, Cezar Santos
Abstract; PDF

Education and Health: Insights from International Comparisons
by David M. Cutler, Adriana Lleras-Muney
Abstract; PDF

Demand and Reimbursement Effects of Healthcare Reform: Health Care Utilization and Infant Mortality in Thailand
by Jonathan Gruber, Nathaniel Hendren, Robert Townsend
Abstract; PDF

The Housing Wealth Effect: The Crucial Roles of Demographics, Wealth Distribution and Wealth Shares

by Charles W. Calomiris, Stanley D. Longhofer, William Miles
Abstract; PDF

Aligning Student, Parent, and Teacher Incentives: Evidence from Houston Public Schools
by Roland G. Fryer, Jr
Abstract; PDF

Child Care Subsidies, Maternal Well-Being, and Child-Parent Interactions: Evidence from Three Nationally Representative Datasets
by Chris M. Herbst, Erdal Tekin
Abstract; PDF

Valuing the Vote: The Redistribution of Voting Rights and State Funds Following the Voting Rights Act of 1965

by Elizabeth U. Cascio, Ebonya L. Washington
Abstract; PDF

Positive and Negative Mental Health Consequences of Early Childhood Television Watching
by Michael Waldman, Sean Nicholson, Nodir Adilov
Abstract; PDF

New Working Papers from the NBER

Regression Discontinuity Designs with an Endogenous Forcing Variable and an Application to Contracting in Health Care
by Patrick Bajari, Han Hong, Minjung Park, Robert Town
Abstract; PDF

Aggregate Impacts of a Gift of Time
by Jungmin Lee, Daiji Kawaguchi, Daniel S. Hamermesh
Abstract; PDF

The Expanding Social Safety Net
by Casey B. Mulligan
Abstract; PDF

Does Practice-Based Teacher Preparation Increase Student Achievement? Early Evidence from the Boston Teacher Residency
by John P. Papay, Martin R. West, Jon B. Fullerton, Thomas J. Kane
Abstract; PDF

The Best of Times, the Worst of Times: Understanding Pro-cyclical Mortality
by Ann Huff Stevens, Douglas L. Miller, Marianne E. Page, Mateusz Filipski #17657 (AG HC LS)
Abstract; PDF

Immigrants, Welfare Reform, and the U.S. Safety Net
by Marianne Bitler, Hilary W. Hoynes
Abstract; PDF

Utilization of Infertility Treatments: The Effects of Insurance Mandates
by Marianne P. Bitler, Lucie Schmidt
Abstract; PDF

Does Gender Matter for Political Leadership? The Case of U.S. Mayors
by Fernando Ferreira, Joseph Gyourko
Abstract; PDF

The Economics and Politics of Women’s Rights
by Matthias Doepke, Michele Tertilt, Alessandra Voena
Abstract; PDF

From Infant to Mother: Early Disease Environment and Future Maternal Health
by Douglas Almond, Janet Currie, Mariesa Herrmann
Abstract; PDF

Family Proximity, Childcare, and Women’s Labor Force Attachment
by Janice Compton, Robert A. Pollak #17678 (LS)
Abstract; PDF

Schooling Supply and the Structure of Production: Evidence from US States 1950-1990
by Antonio Ciccone, Giovanni Peri
Abstract; PDF

Medicaid and the Elderly
by Mariacristina De Nardi, Eric French, John Bailey Jones, Angshuman Gooptu
Abstract; PDF

Do Cash Transfers Improve Birth Outcomes? Evidence from Matched Vital Statistics, Social Security and Program Data
by Veronica Amarante, Marco Manacorda, Edward Miguel, Andrea Vigorito
Abstract; PDF

The Unsustainable Rise of the Disability Rolls in the United States: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Options
by David H. Autor
Abstract; PDF

Heteroskedasticity-Robust Inference in Finite Samples
by Jerry A. Hausman, Christopher J. Palmer
Abstract; PDF

Income Inequality and Social Preferences for Redistribution and Compensation Differentials

by William R. Kerr
Abstract; PDF

Women Empowerment and Economic Development
by Esther Duflo
Abstract; PDF

Children’s Schooling and Parents’ Investment in Children: Evidence from the Head Start Impact Study
by Alexander M. Gelber, Adam Isen
Abstract; PDF

The Virtuous Tax: Lifesaving and Crime-Prevention Effects of the 1991 Federal Alcohol-Tax Increase
by Philip J. Cook, Christine Piette Durrance
Abstract; PDF

The Effects of California’s Paid Family Leave Program on Mothers’ Leave-Taking and Subsequent Labor Market Outcomes
by Maya Rossin-Slater, Christopher J. Ruhm, Jane Waldfogel
Abstract; PDF

Rural Demography, Public Services and Land Rights in Africa: A Village-Level Analysis in Burkina Faso
by Margaret S. McMillan, William A. Masters, Harounan Kazianga
Abstract; PDF

New Working Papers from the NBER

The Composition and Draw-down of Wealth in Retirement
by James M. Poterba, Steven F. Venti, David A. Wise #17536 (AG EFG PE)
Abstract; PDF

Housing and the Macroeconomy: The Role of Bailout Guarantees for Government Sponsored Enterprises
by Karsten Jeske, Dirk Krueger, Kurt Mitman
Abstract; PDF

Adverse Selection and Incentives in an Early Retirement Program
by Kenneth T. Whelan, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Kevin F. Hallock, Ronald L. Seeber
Abstract; PDF

The Trouble with Boys: Social Influences and the Gender Gap in Disruptive Behavior
by Marianne Bertrand, Jessica Pan
Abstract; PDF

How Did the Recession of 2007-2009 Affect the Wealth and Retirement of the Near Retirement Age Population in the Health and Retirement Study?
by Alan L. Gustman, Thomas L. Steinmeier, Nahid Tabatabai
Abstract; PDF

School Resources and Educational Outcomes in Developing Countries: A Review of the Literature from 1990 to 2010
by Paul W. Glewwe, Eric A. Hanushek, Sarah D. Humpage, Renato Ravina
Abstract; PDF

Testing Conditional Factor Models
by Andrew Ang, Dennis Kristensen
Abstract; PDF

The Impact of Immigration on Native Poverty through Labor Market Competition
by Giovanni Peri
Abstract; PDF

Socioeconomic Differences in the Impact of Smoking Tobacco and Alcohol Prices on Smoking in India
by G. Emmanuel Guindon, Arindam Nandi, Frank J. Chaloupka, IV, Prabhat Jha
Abstract; PDF

Rising Labor Productivity during the 2008-9 Recession
by Casey Mulligan
Abstract; PDF

The Welfare Economics of Default Options: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis of 401(k) Plans
by B. Douglas Bernheim, Andrey Fradkin, Igor Popov
Abstract; PDF

Marginal Effects in Multivariate Probit and Kindred Discrete and Count Outcome Models, with Applications in Health Economics
by John Mullahy
Abstract; PDF

Substitution and Stigma: Evidence on Religious Competition from the Catholic Sex-Abuse Scandal
by Daniel M. Hungerman
Abstract; PDF

Does School Autonomy Make Sense Everywhere? Panel Estimates from PISA
by Eric A. Hanushek, Susanne Link, Ludger Woessmann
Abstract; PDF

Local Industrial Structures and Female Entrepreneurship in India
by Ejaz Ghani, William R. Kerr, Stephen D. O’Connell
Abstract; PDF

Getting Beneath the Veil of Effective Schools: Evidence from New York City
by Will Dobbie, Roland G. Fryer, Jr
Abstract; PDF

Gains and Gaps: Changing Inequality in U.S. College Entry and Completion
by Martha J. Bailey, Susan M. Dynarski
Abstract; PDF

Alcohol and Student Performance: Estimating the Effect of Legal Access
by Jason M. Lindo, Isaac D. Swensen, Glen R. Waddell
Abstract; PDF

Recessions and the Cost of Job Loss
by Steven J. Davis, Till M. von Wachter
Abstract; PDF

New Working Papers from the NBER

The Financial Crisis and the Well-Being of Americans
by Angus S. Deaton
Abstract; PDF

The Effects of Changes in Women’s Labor Market Attachment on Redistribution Under the Social Security Benefit Formula
by Alan L. Gustman, Thomas L. Steinmeier, Nahid Tabatabai
Abstract; PDF

Does Widowhood Explain Gender Differences in Out-of-Pocket Medical Spending Among the Elderly?

by Gopi Shah Goda, John B. Shoven, Sita Nataraj Slavov
Abstract; PDF

Racial Discrimination in the Labor Market: Theory and Empirics
by Kevin Lang, Jee-Yeon K. Lehmann
Abstract; PDF

Insuring Long Term Care In the US
by Jeffrey Brown, Amy Finkelstein
Abstract; PDF

Does Head Start Do Any Lasting Good?
by Chloe Gibbs, Jens Ludwig, Douglas L. Miller
Abstract; PDF

Gender Discrimination in Job Ads: Theory and Evidence

by Peter J. Kuhn, Kailing Shen
Abstract; PDF

Deterrence and the Death Penalty: Partial Identification Analysis Using Repeated Cross Sections
by Charles F. Manski, John V. Pepper
Abstract; PDF

Slum Clearance and Urban Renewal in the United States
by William J. Collins, Katharine L. Shester
Abstract; PDF

Substitution Between Immigrants, Natives, and Skill Groups
by George J. Borjas, Jeffrey Grogger, Gordon H. Hanson
Abstract; PDF

Racial Disparities in Job Finding and Offered Wages

by Roland G. Fryer, Jr, Devah Pager, Joerg L. Spenkuch
Abstract; PDF

Do Stronger Age Discrimination Laws Make Social Security Reforms More Effective?
by David Neumark, Joanne Song
Abstract; PDF

The Geographic Accessibility of Child Care Subsidies and Evidence on the Impact of Subsidy Receipt on Childhood Obesity
by Chris M. Herbst, Erdal Tekin
Abstract; PDF

Evidence on the Efficacy of School-Based Incentives for Healthy Living
by Harold E. Cuffe, William T. Harbaugh, Jason M. Lindo, Giancarlo Musto, Glen R. Waddell
Abstract; PDF

Impatience, Incentives, and Obesity
by Charles J. Courtemanche, Garth Heutel, Patrick McAlvanah
Abstract; PDF

House Prices and Birth Rates: The Impact of the Real Estate Market on the Decision to Have a Baby
by Lisa J. Dettling, Melissa Schettini Kearney
Abstract; PDF

Creating “No Excuses” (Traditional) Public Schools: Preliminary Evidence from an Experiment in Houston
by Roland G. Fryer, Jr
Abstract; PDF

The Wage Effects of Offshoring: Evidence from Danish Matched Worker-Firm Data
by David Hummels, Rasmus Jorgensen, Jakob R. Munch, Chong Xiang
Abstract; PDF

General Education, Vocational Education, and Labor-Market Outcomes over the Life-Cycle
by Eric A. Hanushek, Ludger Woessmann, Lei Zhang
Abstract; PDF

Fathers and Youth’s Delinquent Behavior
by Deborah A. Cobb-Clark, Erdal Tekin
Abstract; PDF

The Disappearing Gender Gap: The Impact of Divorce, Wages, and Preferences on Education Choices and Women’s Work

by Raquel Fernandez, Joyce Cheng Wong
Abstract; PDF

Identification and Inference with Many Invalid Instruments
by Michal Kolesar, Raj Chetty, John N. Friedman, Edward L. Glaeser, Guido W. Imbens
Abstract; PDF

Agricultural Policy, Migration, and Malaria in the 1930s United States
by Alan Barreca, Price V. Fishback, Shawn Kantor
Abstract; PDF

Teaching Practices and Social Capital
by Yann Algan, Pierre Cahuc, Andrei Shleifer
Abstract; PDF

Allocating Time: Individuals’ Technologies, Household Technology, Perfect Substitutes, and Specialization
by Robert A. Pollak
Abstract; PDF

Experimental Evidence on the Effect of Childhood Investments on Postsecondary Attainment and Degree Completion
by Susan Dynarski, Joshua M. Hyman, Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach
Abstract; PDF

Unemployment Insurance and Job Search in the Great Recession
by Jesse Rothstein
Abstract; PDF

New Working Papers from the NBER

Employment, Wages and Voter Turnout
by Kerwin Kofi Charles, Melvin Stephens Jr.
Abstract; PDF

“Healthy, Wealthy and Wise?” Revisited: An Analysis of the Causal Pathways from Socio-economic Status to Health
by Till Stowasser, Florian Heiss, Daniel McFadden, Joachim Winter
Abstract; PDF

Unemployment in Latin America and the Caribbean
by Laurence M. Ball, Nicolas De Roux, Marc Hofstetter
Abstract; PDF

Substitution Between Individual and Cultural Capital: Pre-Migration Labor Supply, Culture and US Labor Market Outcomes Among Immigrant Women
by Francine D. Blau, Lawrence M. Kahn
Abstract; PDF

The Importance of the Meaning and Measurement of “Affordable” in the Affordable Care Act
by Richard V. Burkhauser, Sean Lyons, Kosali I. Simon
Abstract; PDF

The Exact Law of Large Numbers for Independent Random Matching
by Darrell Duffie, Yeneng Sun
Abstract; PDF

A Simple Nonparametric Approach to Estimating the Distribution of Random Coefficients in Structural Models
by Jeremy T. Fox, Kyoo il Kim
Abstract; PDF

Equilibrium Wage and Employment Dynamics in a Model of Wage Posting without Commitment
by Melvyn G. Coles, Dale T. Mortensen
Abstract; PDF

Exam High Schools and Academic Achievement: Evidence from New York City
by Will Dobbie, Roland G. Fryer, Jr.
Abstract; PDF

Would People Behave Differently If They Better Understood Social Security? Evidence From a Field Experiment
by Jeffrey B. Liebman, Erzo F.P. Luttmer
Abstract; PDF

Labor Market Flows in the Cross Section and Over Time
by Steven J. Davis, Jason Faberman, John C. Haltiwanger
Abstract; PDF

A Community College Instructor Like Me: Race and Ethnicity Interactions in the Classroom
by Robert Fairlie, Florian Hoffmann, Philip Oreopoulos
Abstract; PDF

Communitywide Database Designs for Tracking Innovation Impact: COMETS, STARS and Nanobank
by Lynne G. Zucker, Michael R. Darby, Jason Fong
Abstract; PDF

Housing Busts and Household Mobility: An Update
by Fernando Ferreira, Joseph Gyourko, Joseph Tracy
Abstract; PDF

Heaping-Induced Bias in Regression-Discontinuity Designs
by Alan I. Barreca, Jason M. Lindo, Glen R. Waddell
Abstract; PDF

Comparison Friction: Experimental Evidence from Medicare Drug Plans
by Jeffrey R. Kling, Sendhil Mullainathan, Eldar Shafir, Lee Vermeulen, Marian Wrobel
Abstract; PDF

Racial, Ethnic and Gender Differences in Physical Activity
by Henry Saffer, Dhaval M. Dave, Michael Grossman
Abstract; PDF

New Working Papers from the NBER

Early Maternal Employment and Family Wellbeing
by Pinka Chatterji, Sara Markowitz, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
Abstract; PDF

Future Skill Shortages in the U.S. Economy?
by David Neumark, Hans P. Johnson, Marisol Cuellar Mejia
Abstract; PDF

Post-Secondary Attendance by Parental Income in the U.S. and Canada: What Role for Financial Aid Policy?
by Philippe Belley, Marc Frenette, Lance Lochner
Abstract; PDF

The Effects of Health Shocks on Employment and Health Insurance: The Role of Employer-Provided Health Insurance
by Cathy J. Bradley, David Neumark, Meryl I. Motika
Abstract; PDF

School Competition and Teacher Labor Markets: Evidence from Charter School Entry in North Carolina
by C. Kirabo Jackson
Abstract; PDF

Human Capital Spillovers in Families: Do Parents Learn from or Lean on their Children?
by Ilyana Kuziemko
Abstract; PDF

The Feasibility and Importance of Adding Measures of Actual Experience to Cross-Sectional Data Collection
by Francine D. Blau, Lawrence M. Kahn
Abstract; PDF

Stepping Stones: Principal Career Paths and School Outcomes
by Tara Beteille, Demetra Kalogrides, Susanna Loeb
Abstract; PDF

How Survey Design Affects Inference Regarding Health Perceptions and Outcomes
by Anneke Exterkate, Robin L. Lumsdaine
Abstract; PDF

Prospective Analysis of a Wage Subsidy for Cape Town Youth
by James A. Levinsohn, Todd Pugatch
Abstract; PDF

A Dynamic Model of Demand for Houses and Neighborhoods
by Patrick Bayer, Robert McMillan, Alvin Murphy, Christopher Timmins
Abstract; PDF

Why Don’t the Poor Save More? Evidence from Health Savings Experiments
by Pascaline Dupas, Jonathan Robinson
Abstract; PDF

Time Use During Recessions
by Mark A. Aguiar, Erik Hurst, Loukas Karabarbounis
Abstract; PDF

The Elite Illusion: Achievement Effects at Boston and New York Exam Schools
by Atila Abdulkadiroglu, Joshua D. Angrist, Parag A. Pathak
Abstract; PDF

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Coverage of Infertility Treatment and Fertility Outcomes: Do Women Catch Up?
Matilde P. Machado, Anna Sanz-de-Galdeano
Abstract; PDF

Antidepressants and Age
David G. Blanchflower, Andrew J. Oswald
Abstract; PDF

International Migration, Imperfect Information, and Brain Drain
Vianney Dequiedt, Yves Zenou
Abstract; PDF

Social Networks and Parental Behavior in the Intergenerational Transmission of Religion
Eleonora Patacchini, Yves Zenou
Abstract; PDF

Life-Cycle Bias and the Returns to Schooling in Current and Lifetime Earnings
Manudeep Bhuller, Magne Mogstad, Kjell G. Salvanes
Abstract; PDF

Parental Leave and Mothers’ Careers: The Relative Importance of Job Protection and Cash Benefits
Rafael Lalive, Analia Schlosser, Andreas Steinhauer, Josef Zweimüller
Abstract; PDF

A Flying Start? Maternity Leave Benefits and Long Run Outcomes of Children
Pedro Carneiro, Katrine V. Loken, Kjell G. Salvanes
Abstract; PDF

Fat Chance! Obesity and the Transition from Unemployment to Employment
Marco Caliendo, Wang-Sheng Lee
Abstract; PDF

The Happiness-Income Paradox Revisited
(published in: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2010, 107 (52), 22463-22468)
Richard A. Easterlin, Laura Angelescu McVey, Malgorzata Switek, Onnicha Sawangfa, Jacqueline Smith Zweig
Abstract; PDF

Does Early Life Health Predict Schooling Within Twin Pairs?
Petter Lundborg, Anton Nilsson, Dan-Olof Rooth
Abstract; PDF

Early Life Health and Adult Earnings: Evidence from a Large Sample of Siblings and Twins
Petter Lundborg, Anton Nilsson, Dan-Olof Rooth
Abstract; PDF

Self-Employment of Rural-to-Urban Migrants in China
(forthcoming in: International Journal of Manpower, 2011)
Corrado Giulietti, Guangjie Ning, Klaus F. Zimmermann
Abstract; PDF

Which Measures of Time Preference Best Predict Outcomes? Evidence from a Large-Scale Field Experiment
Stephen V. Burks, Jeffrey P. Carpenter, Lorenz Goette, Aldo Rustichini
Abstract; PDF

Destined for (Un)Happiness: Does Childhood Predict Adult Life Satisfaction?
Paul Frijters, David W. Johnston, Michael A. Shields
Abstract; PDF

Unfit for Service: The Implications of Rising Obesity for U.S. Military Recruitment
John Cawley, Johanna Catherine Maclean
Abstract; PDF