Archive for the 'Working Papers' Category

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New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Does Quality Time Produce Quality Children? Evidence on the Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital Using Parental Deaths
Eric D. Gould, Avi Simhon
Abstract; PDF

Is There Selection Bias in Laboratory Experiments? The Case of Social and Risk Preferences
Blair L. Cleave, Nikos Nikiforakis, Robert Slonim
Abstract; PDF

The Transition from Work to Retirement
Werner Eichhorst
Abstract; PDF

Putting Different Price Tags on the Same Health Condition: Re-evaluating the Well-Being Valuation Approach
Nattavudh Powdthavee, Bernard van den Berg
Abstract; PDF

The American Family in Black and White: A Post-Racial Strategy for Improving Skills to Promote Equality
James J. Heckman
Abstract; PDF

Emigration and Democracy
Frédéric Docquier, Elisabetta Lodigiani, Hillel Rapoport, Maurice Schiff
Abstract; PDF

Personality Psychology and Economics
Mathilde Almlund, Angela Lee Duckworth, James J. Heckman, Tim Kautz
Abstract; PDF

Fertility and the Plough
(forthcoming in: American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, May 2011)
Alberto Alesina, Paola Giuliano, Nathan Nunn
Abstract; PDF

Spatial versus Social Mismatch: The Strength of Weak Ties
Yves Zenou
Abstract; PDF

Too Low to Be True: The Use of Minimum Thresholds to Fight Tax Evasion
Mirco Tonin
Abstract; PDF

Trends in Individual Income Growth: Measurement Methods and British Evidence
Stephen P. Jenkins, Philippe Van Kerm
Abstract; PDF

Does It Matter Who Responded to the Survey? Trends in the U.S. Gender Earnings Gap Revisited
Jungmin Lee, Sokbae Lee
Abstract; PDF

The Right Look: Conservative Politicians Look Better and Their Voters Reward It
Niclas Berggren, Henrik Jordahl, Panu Poutvaara
Abstract; PDF

Inequality, Inequity Aversion, and the Provision of Public Goods
Felix Kölle, Dirk Sliwka, Nannan Zhou
Abstract; PDF

Immigrant Welfare Receipt across Europe
Alan Barrett, Bertrand Maitre
Abstract; PDF

Immigrants and Welfare Receipt in Ireland
Alan Barrett, Corona Joyce, Bertrand Maitre
Abstract; PDF

Collective Bargaining under Non-Binding Contracts
Sabien Dobbelaere, Roland Iwan Luttens
Abstract; PDF

Long-term Effects of Early Childhood Malaria Exposure on Education and Health: Evidence from Colonial Taiwan
Simon Chang, Belton M. Fleisher, Seonghoon Kim, Shi-yung Liu
Abstract; PDF

Unobserved Heterogeneity and Risk in Wage Variance: Does Schooling Provide Earnings Insurance?
Jacopo Mazza, Hans van Ophem, Joop Hartog
Abstract; PDF

Long-term Effects of Famine on Life Expectancy: A Re-analysis of the Great Finnish Famine of 1866-1868
Gabriele Doblhammer-Reiter, Gerard J. van den Berg, Lambert H. Lumey
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of Prenatal Stress on Birth Weight: Evidence from the al-Aqsa Intifada
Hani Mansour, Daniel I. Rees
Abstract; PDF

Retirement and Subjective Well-Being
Eric Bonsang, Tobias J. Klein
Abstract; PDF

Does Gender Matter for Academic Promotion? Evidence from a Randomized Natural Experiment
Natalia Zinovyeva, Manuel F. Bagues
Abstract; PDF

Whose Children Gain from Starting School Later? Evidence from Hungary
Szilvia Hámori, Janos Kollo
Abstract; PDF

New Working Papers from the NBER

Effects of Welfare Reform on Vocational Education and Training
by Dhaval M. Dave, Nancy E. Reichman, Hope Corman, Dhiman Das
Abstract; PDF

Long-run Impacts of School Desegregation & School Quality on Adult Attainments
by Rucker C. Johnson
Abstract; PDF

Race and Home Ownership from the Civil War to the Present
by William J. Collins, Robert A. Margo
Abstract; PDF

International Happiness
by David G. Blanchflower, Andrew J. Oswald
Abstract; PDF

The War at Home: Effects of Vietnam-Era Military Service on Post-War Household Stability
by Dalton Conley, Jennifer Heerwig
Abstract; PDF

Is Being in School Better? The Impact of School on Children’s BMI When Starting Age is Endogenous
by Patricia M. Anderson, Kristin F. Butcher, Elizabeth U. Cascio, Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach
Abstract; PDF

White Suburbanization and African-American Home Ownership, 1940-1980
by Leah Platt Boustan, Robert A. Margo
Abstract; PDF

The Design of Performance Pay in Education
By Derek Neal
Abstract; PDF

The Equal Environments Assumption in the Post-Genomic Age: Using Misclassified Twins to Estimate Bias in Heritability Models
by Dalton Conley, Emily Rauscher
Abstract; PDF

Fertility and the Plough
by Alberto Alesina, Paola Giuliano, Nathan Nunn
Abstract; PDF

Social Security and Retirement around the World: Historical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms – Introduction and Summary
by Kevin S. Milligan, David A. Wise
Abstract; PDF

Non-Production Benefits of Education: Crime, Health, and Good Citizenship
by Lance Lochner
Abstract; PDF

Behavioral Economics Perspectives on Public Sector Pension Plans
by John Beshears, James J. Choi, David Laibson, Brigitte C. Madrian
Abstract; PDF

Why Is an Elite Undergraduate Education Valuable? Evidence from Israel
by Kevin Lang, Erez Siniver
Abstract; PDF

Understanding Booms and Busts in Housing Markets
by Craig Burnside, Martin Eichenbaum, Sergio Rebelo
Abstract; PDF

Economic Impacts of Immigration: A Survey
by Sari Pekkala Kerr, William R. Kerr
Abstract; PDF

Estimating the Returns to Urban Boarding Schools: Evidence from SEED
by Vilsa E. Curto, Roland G. Fryer, Jr.
Abstract; PDF

Marital Sorting and Parental Wealth
by Kerwin Kofi Charles, Erik Hurst, Alexandra Killewald
Abstract; PDF

Consumption and Income Poverty over the Business Cycle
by Bruce D. Meyer, James X. Sullivan
Abstract; PDF

Health Care Spending Growth and the Future of U.S. Tax Rates
by Katherine Baicker, Jonathan S. Skinner
Abstract; PDF

The Fragility of Estimated Effects of Unilateral Divorce Laws on Divorce Rates
by Jin Young Lee, Gary Solon
Abstract; PDF

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Social-Family Network and Self-Employment: Evidence from Temporary Rural-Urban Migrants in China
Junfu Zhang, Zhong Zhao
Abstract; PDF

Gender-Specific Occupational Segregation, Glass Ceiling Effects, and Earnings in Managerial Positions: Results of a Fixed Effects Model
Anne Busch, Elke Holst
Abstract; PDF

Using Pseudo-Panels to Measure Income Mobility in Latin America
(forthcoming in: Review of Income and Wealth)
Jose Cuesta, Hugo Nopo, Georgina Pizzolitto
Abstract; PDF

Job Search and Job Finding in a Period of Mass Unemployment: Evidence from High-Frequency Longitudinal Data
Alan B. Krueger, Andreas Mueller
Abstract; PDF

The Role of Marriage in the Causal Pathway from Economic Conditions Early in Life to Mortality
Gerard J. van den Berg, Sumedha Gupta
Abstract; PDF

An Essay on Real Wage Index Numbers
John Pencavel
Abstract; PDF

Public Housing and Residential Segregation of Immigrants in France, 1968-1999
Gregory Verdugo
Abstract; PDF

Pill Power: The Prequel
Lena Edlund, Cecilia Machado
Abstract; PDF

Population Growth and Multiple Equilibria: Inferences from a Modified Ramsey Model
Ulla Lehmijoki
Abstract; PDF

Remittances and Gender: Theoretical Considerations and Empirical Evidence
Elke Holst, Andrea Schäfer, Mechthild Schrooten
Abstract; PDF

The Consequences of Being Different: Statistical Discrimination and the School-to-Work Transition
Barbara Mueller, Stefan Wolter
Abstract; PDF

Did We Overestimate the Role of Social Preferences? The Case of Self-Selected Student Samples
Armin Falk, Stephan Meier, Christian Zehnder
Abstract; PDF

Aggregation in Large Dynamic Panels
Hashem Pesaran, Alexander Chudik
Abstract; PDF

Relative Concerns of Rural-to-Urban Migrants in China
Alpaslan Akay, Olivier Bargain, Klaus F. Zimmermann
Abstract; PDF

Occupational Status and Health Transitions
G. Brant Morefield, David C. Ribar, Christopher J. Ruhm
Abstract; PDF

A Labor Market Approach to the Crisis of Health Care Professionals in Africa
Mabel Andalón, Gary Fields
Abstract; PDF

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Evolution of the Chinese Rural-Urban Migrant Labor Market from 2002 to 2007
Zhaopeng (Frank) Qu, Zhong Zhao
Abstract; PDF

The Long-Run Effects of Mortality Decline in Developing Countries
Ulla Lehmijoki, Tapio K. Palokangas
Abstract; PDF

The Role of Mothers and Fathers in Providing Skills: Evidence from Parental Deaths
Jérôme Adda, Anders Björklund, Helena Holmlund
Abstract; PDF

The Impact of Placing Adolescent Males into Foster Care on their Education, Income Assistance and Incarcerations
William P. Warburton, Rebecca N. Warburton, Arthur Sweetman, Clyde Hertzman
Abstract; PDF

Turning 18: What a Difference Application of Adult Criminal Law Makes
Horst Entorf
Abstract; PDF

Mother’s Autonomy and Child Welfare: A New Measure and Some New Evidence
Tanika Chakraborty, Prabal K. De
Abstract; PDF

Job Search Requirements for Older Unemployed: Transitions to Employment, Early Retirement and Disability Benefits
Hans Bloemen, Stefan Hochguertel, Marloes Lammers
Abstract; PDF

Consistent Estimation of the Fixed Effects Ordered Logit Model
Gregori Baetschmann, Kevin Staub, Rainer Winkelmann
Abstract; PDF

Efficient and Inefficient Welfare States
Yann Algan, Pierre Cahuc, Marc Sangnier
Abstract; PDF

New Working Papers from the NBER

Does Home Owning Smooth the Variability of Future Housing Consumption?
Andrew Paciorek, Todd M. Sinai
Abstract; PDF

Estimating Turning Points Using Large Data Sets
James H. Stock, Mark W. Watson
Abstract; PDF

The Contribution of the Minimum Wage to U.S. Wage Inequality over Three Decades: A Reassessment
David H. Autor, Alan Manning, Christopher L. Smith
Abstract; PDF

Interstate Migration Has Fallen Less Than You Think: Consequences of Hot Deck Imputation in the Current Population Survey
Greg Kaplan, Sam Schulhofer-Wohl
Abstract; PDF

Workplace Concentration of Immigrants
Fredrik Andersson, Monica Garcia-Perez, John C. Haltiwanger, Kristin McCue, Seth Sanders
Abstract; PDF

Baby Busts and Baby Booms: The Fertility Response to Shocks in Dynastic Models
Larry E. Jones, Alice Schoonbroodt
Abstract; PDF

Aftershocks: The Impact of Clinic Violence on Abortion Services
Mireille Jacobson, Heather Royer
Abstract; PDF

Peer Quality or Input Quality?: Evidence from Trinidad and Tobago
C. Kirabo Jackson
Abstract; PDF

The Economic Value of Higher Teacher Quality
Eric A. Hanushek
Abstract; PDF

Macroeconomics and Volatility: Data, Models, and Estimation
Jesus Fernandez-Villaverde, Juan Rubio-Ramirez
Abstract; PDF

Evaluating the Effectiveness of National Labor Relations Act Remedies: Analysis and Comparison with Other Workplace Penalty Policies
Morris M. Kleiner, David Weil
Abstract; PDF

Second-Order Approximation of Dynamic Models with Time-Varying Risk
Gianluca Benigno, Pierpaolo Benigno, Salvatore Nistico
Abstract; PDF

Identification and Inference in Linear Stochastic Discount Factor Models
Craig Burnside
Abstract; PDF

Local Electoral Incentives and Decentralized Program Performance
Alain de Janvry, Frederico Finan, Elisabeth Sadoulet
Abstract; PDF

Individual and Aggregate Labor Supply With Coordinated Working Times
Richard Rogerson
Abstract; PDF

When Opportunity Knocks, Who Answers? New Evidence on College Achievement Awards
Joshua Angrist, Philip Oreopoulos, Tyler Williams
Abstract; PDF

The Wage Effects of Immigration and Emigration
Frederic Docquier, Caglar Ozden, Giovanni Peri
Abstract; PDF

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Immigrants’ Employment Outcomes over the Business Cycle
Pia M. Orrenius, Madeline Zavodny
Abstract; PDF

The Importance of Two-Sided Heterogeneity for the Cyclicality of Labour Market Dynamics
Ronald Bachmann, Peggy David
Abstract; PDF

Sequentiality versus Simultaneity: Interrelated Factor Demand
Magne Krogstad Asphjell, Wilko Letterie, Øivind Anti Nilsen, Gerard A. Pfann
Abstract; PDF

A Flying Start? Long Term Consequences of Maternal Time Investments in Children During Their First Year of Life
Pedro Carneiro, Katrine V. Loken, Kjell G. Salvanes
Abstract; PDF

Poverty and Survival
Sonia R. Bhalotra
Abstract; PDF

Overweight and Poor? On the Relationship between Income and the Body Mass Index
Dean Jolliffe
Abstract; PDF

The Production of PhDs in the United States and Canada
Barry R. Chiswick, Nicholas Larsen, Paul Pieper
Abstract; PDF

Why Children of College Graduates Outperform their Schoolmates: A Study of Cousins and Adoptees
Torbjørn Haegeland, Lars Johannessen Kirkebøen, Oddbjørn Raaum, Kjell G. Salvanes
Abstract; PDF

Trust, Positive Reciprocity, and Negative Reciprocity: Do These Traits Impact Entrepreneurial Dynamics?
Marco Caliendo, Frank M. Fossen, Alexander S. Kritikos
Abstract; PDF

Intergenerational Persistence in Health in Developing Countries: The Penalty of Gender Inequality?
(forthcoming in: Journal of Public Economics)
Sonia R. Bhalotra, Samantha Rawlings
Abstract; PDF

Endogenous Treatment Effects for Count Data Models with Sample Selection or Endogenous Participation
Massimiliano Bratti, Alfonso Miranda
Abstract; PDF

Resisting Moral Wiggle Room: How Robust is Reciprocity?
Joël van der Weele, Julija Kulisa, Michael Kosfeld, Guido Friebel
Abstract; PDF

Labor Market Developments in China: A Neoclassical View
Suqin Ge, Dennis Yang
Abstract; PDF

New Reports from the Urban Institute

Education and Achievement A Focus on Latino “Immigrant” Children
By: Eugene Garcia
Abstract:

The high number of English language learners (ELLs) has brought a change in the demographics of public schools and a need to account for the educational experiences of these students, both linguistically and academically. A comprehensive English language development program that facilitates English language acquisition has never been comprehensively articulated and evaluated. This paper argues that robust and rigorous research could be highly useful for policy and education practice modifications. The expanded utilization of dual-language programs is a hopeful sign of that possibility as they offer an alternative with solid empirical evidence for success in selected populations and specific conditions.

Report (PDF)

Nutrition Assistance for Older Adults
By: Sheila R. Zedlewski
Abstract:

While a surprisingly small share of low-income older adults receives government nutrition assistance, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly food stamps) and Meals on Wheels (MOW) home delivery program provide important food assistance to them. During 2007 and 2008, about 2 in 10 low-income older adults received assistance from one of these programs; only 1 percent reported getting help from both. Receipt of SNAP declines with age and receipt of MOW rises with age, indicating that these programs tend to complement each other.

Factsheet (PDF)

Value Added of Teachers in High-Poverty Schools and Lower-Poverty Schools
By: Tim Sass, Jane Hannaway, Zeyu Xu, David Figlio, Li Feng
Abstract:

Differences in teacher quality would appear to be the most likely reason for disparities in the quality of high-poverty and lower-poverty schools. However, the linkages between teacher quality and socio-economic-based disparities in student achievement are quite complex. Using data from North Carolina and Florida, this paper examines whether teachers in high-poverty schools are as effective as teachers in schools with more advantaged students. Bottom teachers in high-poverty schools are less effective than bottom teachers in lower-poverty schools. The best teachers, by comparison, are equally effective across school poverty settings. The gap in teacher quality appears to arise from the lower payoff to teacher qualifications in high-poverty schools. In particular, the experience-productivity relationship is weaker in high-poverty schools and is not related to teacher mobility patterns. Recruiting teachers with good credentials into high-poverty schools may be insufficient to narrow the teacher quality gap. Policies that promote the long-term productivity of teachers in challenging high-poverty schools appear key.

Full report (PDF)

New Working Papers from the NBER

For Better or for Worse, But How About a Recession?
by Jeremy Arkes, Yu-Chu Shen
Abstract; PDF

Are Household Surveys Like Tax Forms: Evidence from Income Underreporting of the Self Employed
by Erik Hurst, Geng Li, Benjamin Pugsley
Abstract; PDF

Toward an understanding of the relative strengths of positive and negative reciprocity
by Omar Al-Ubaydli, Uri Gneezy, Min Sok Lee, John A. List
Abstract; PDF

A Revealed Preference Approach to Measuring Hunger and Undernutrition
by Robert T. Jensen, Nolan H. Miller
Abstract; PDF

Income Uncertainty and Household Savings in China
by Marcos Chamon, Kai Liu, Eswar S. Prasad
Abstract; PDF

Valuing Identity
by Roland G. Fryer, Jr., Glenn Loury
Abstract; PDF

Height as a Proxy for Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Ability
by Andreas Schick, Richard H. Steckel
Abstract; PDF

Classification, Detection and Consequences of Data Error: Evidence from the Human Development Index
by Hendrik Wolff, Howard Chong, Maximilian Auffhammer
Abstract; PDF

Beware of Unawareness: Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Awareness of Chronic Diseases
by Pinka Chatterji, Heesoo Joo, Kajal Lahiri
Abstract; PDF

Estimating the Cream Skimming Effect of School Choice
by Joseph G. Altonji, Ching-I Huang, Christopher R. Taber
Abstract; PDF

The Mommy Track Divides: The Impact of Childbearing on Wages of Women of Differing Skill Levels
by Elizabeth Ty Wilde, Lily Batchelder, David T. Ellwood
Abstract; PDF

Scarring and Mortality Selection Among Civil War POWs: A Long-Term Mortality, Morbidity and Socioeconomic Follow-Up
by Dora L. Costa
Abstract; PDF

New Working Papers from the NBER

The Benefits of Breastfeeding Across the Early Years of Childhood
by Clive R. Belfield, Inas Rashad Kelly
Abstract; PDF

Measuring the Effects of Segregation in the Presence of Social Spillovers: A Nonparametric Approach
by Bryan S. Graham, Guido W. Imbens, Geert Ridder
Abstract; PDF

The Growth in Social Security Benefits Among the Retirement Age Population from Increases in the Cap on Covered Earnings
by Alan L. Gustman, Thomas Steinmeier, Nahid Tabatabai
Abstract; PDF

Policy Effects in Hyperbolic vs. Exponential Models of Consumption and Retirement
by Alan L. Gustman, Thomas L. Steinmeier
Abstract; PDF

The State of the Safety Net in the Post-Welfare Reform Era
by Marianne Bitler, Hilary W. Hoynes
Abstract; PDF

Identifying Sibling Influence on Teenage Substance Use
by Joseph G. Altonji, Sarah Cattan, Iain Ware
Abstract; PDF

The Redistributive Effects of Political Reservation for Minorities: Evidence from India
by Aimee Chin, Nishith Prakash
Abstract; PDF

Empirical Models of Consumer Behavior
by Aviv Nevo
Abstract; PDF

How Much Do Educational Outcomes Matter in OECD Countries?
by Eric A. Hanushek, Ludger Woessmann
Abstract; PDF

Terms of Endearment: An Equilibrium Model of Sex and Matching
by Peter Arcidiacono, Andrew W. Beauchamp, Marjorie B. McElroy
Abstract; PDF

Is Poor Fitness Contagious? Evidence from Randomly Assigned Friends
by Scott E. Carrell, Mark Hoekstra, James E. West
Abstract; PDF

Does Menstruation Explain Gender Gaps in Work Absenteeism?
by Jonah E. Rockoff, Mariesa A. Herrmann
Abstract; PDF

Worker Absence and Productivity: Evidence from Teaching
by Mariesa A. Herrmann, Jonah E. Rockoff
Abstract; PDF

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

How to Think About Time-Use Data: What Inferences Can We Make About Long- and Short-Run Time Use from Time Diaries?
Harley Frazis, Jay Stewart
Abstract; PDF

Inter-ethnic Marriage and Partner Satisfaction
Mathias Sinning, Shane Worner
Abstract; PDF

Search, Migration, and Urban Land Use: The Case of Transportation Policies
Yves Zenou
Abstract; PDF

Federal Nutrition Programs and Childhood Obesity: Inside the Black Box
Manan Roy, Daniel L. Millimet, Rusty Tchernis
Abstract; PDF

Inter- and Intra-Marriage Premiums Revisited: It’s Probably Who You Are, Not Who You Marry!
Lena Nekby
Abstract; PDF

The Effects of Childhood Health on Adult Health and SES in China
James P. Smith, Yan Shen, John Strauss, Yang Zhe, Yaohui Zhao
Abstract; PDF

Do Parents’ Social Skills Influence Their Children’s Sociability?
Tsunao Okumura, Emiko Usui
Abstract; PDF

Child Ability and Household Human Capital Investment Decisions in Burkina Faso
Richard Akresh, Emilie Bagby, Damien de Walque, Harounan Kazianga
Abstract; PDF

Empirical Methods in the Economics of International Immigration
Fernando A. Lozano, Michael D. Steinberger
Abstract; PDF

Slavery, Education, and Inequality
Graziella Bertocchi, Arcangelo Dimico
Abstract; PDF

Income Uncertainty and Household Savings in China
Marcos Chamon, Kai Liu, Eswar Prasad
Abstract; PDF

The Minimum Wage and Latino Workers
Pia M. Orrenius, Madeline Zavodny
Abstract; PDF

Unions, Dynamism, and Economic Performance
(forthcoming in: Research Handbook on the Economics of Labor and Employment Law)
Barry T. Hirsch
Abstract; PDF

Racial Discrimination and Household Chores
Shoshana Grossbard, José Ignacio Giménez, José Alberto Molina
Abstract; PDF

Urban Infrastructure and Economic Development: Experimental Evidence from Street Pavement
Marco Gonzalez-Navarro, Climent Quintana-Domeque
Abstract; PDF

Female Labour Supply and Spousal Education
Kerry L. Papps
Abstract; PDF

Accounting for Labor Demand Effects in Structural Labor Supply Models
Andreas Peichl, Sebastian Siegloch
Abstract; PDF