Monthly Archive for June, 2009

Age and Sex in the United States: 2007 and 2008

Age and Sex in the United States: 2007 and 2008
Source: U.S. Census Bureau
A series of detailed tables with data on a wide range of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics by five-year age groups and sex. Topics covered include marital status, educational attainment, nativity and citizenship status, labor force and employment status, occupation, earnings, poverty and housing tenure. The data come from the Current Population Survey.

2007

2008

Fathers’ Alcohol Use and Substance Use among Adolescents

Fathers’ Alcohol Use and Substance Use among Adolescents
Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies
Highlights:
In 2006-2007, almost one in twelve (7.9 percent) fathers living with adolescents aged 12 to 17 had an alcohol use disorder, and 68.1 percent used alcohol in the past year but did not have an alcohol use disorder. The rate of past year alcohol use among adolescents was lower for those who lived with a father who did not use alcohol in the past year than for those who lived with a father who used alcohol but did not have an alcohol use disorder and for those who lived with a father with an alcohol use disorder (21.1 vs. 33.2 and 38.8 percent, respectively). The percentage of adolescents using illicit drugs in the past year increased with the level of paternal alcohol use, with illicit drug use reported by 14.0 percent of adolescents who lived with a father who did not use alcohol in the past year, 18.4 percent of those who lived with a father who used alcohol but did not have an alcohol use disorder, and 24.2 percent of those who lived with a father with an alcohol use disorder.
HTML format (contains the data table that was used to construct each figure; this data table is not found in printed or PDF version)
PDF format (recommended for printing)

Downward Mobility and Recovery Rates Remain Virtually Unchanged Since the Late 1960s

Ups and Downs: Does the American Economy Still Promote Upward Mobility?
By: Stephen J. Rose and Scott Winship
Source: Pew Charitable Trusts, Economic Mobility Project

As Americans face rising unemployment rates and greater uncertainty about the future in this current economic downturn, this report investigates the extent to which the American economy promotes upward economic mobility (in the form of income growth) and prevents downward economic mobility (in the form of income declines), and whether it does so to the same degree as in the past. There is widespread consensus that the current recession is likely to affect more families than any since the Great Depression. But more fundamental than the impact of any one recession is whether the United States has entered an era in which families must permanently lower their expectations for income growth and brace themselves for more and bigger income losses.

The Stat Police

A story from NPR’s On the Media:

Politicians and journalists frequently cite statistics that are misleading, derived from dubious studies, or simply plucked out of thin air. So the U.K. has done something novel: they’ve created a new government agency to ensure that those all-important stats aren’t fudged for political purposes. Chairman of the U.K. Statistics Authority, Sir Michael Scholar, explains what they do.

Listen here:

Transcript available here Monday (6/22/09) afternoon.

New Working Papers from the NBER

Measuring Discrimination in Education
Rema Hanna, Leigh Linden
Abstract; PDF
Economic Contextual Factors and Child Body Mass Index
Lisa M. Powell, Frank J. Chaloupka
Abstract; PDF
Physical Activity: Economic and Policy Factors
Melayne M. McInnes, Judith A. Shinogle
Abstract; PDF
Why Do Mothers Breastfeed Girls Less Than Boys? Evidence and Implications for Child Health in India
Seema Jayachandran, Ilyana Kuziemko
Abstract; PDF
Direct and Indirect Effects of Teenage Body Weight on Adult Wages
Euna Han, Edward C. Norton, Lisa M. Powell
Abstract; PDF
Why Do Skilled Immigrants Struggle in the Labor Market? A Field Experiment with Six Thousand Resumes
Philip Oreopoulos
Abstract; PDF
Physical Activity: Economic and Policy Factors
Melayne M. McInnes, Judith A. Shinogle
Abstract; PDF
Do Race and Fairness Matter in Generosity? Evidence from a Nationally Representative Charity Experiment
Christina M. Fong, Erzo F.P. Luttmer
Abstract; PDF
Adoption Curves and Social Interactions
William A. Brock, Steven N. Durlauf
Abstract; PDF
Schooling, Cognitive Skills, and the Latin American Growth Puzzle
Eric A. Hanushek, Ludger Woessmann
Abstract; PDF
The Quality of Medical Care, Behavioral Risk Factors, and Longevity Growth
Frank R. Lichtenberg
Abstract; PDF
Empirics of Strategic Interdependence: The Case of the Racial Tipping Point
William Easterly
Abstract; PDF
Opting For Families: Recent Trends in the Fertility of Highly Educated Women
Qingyan Shang, Bruce A. Weinberg
Abstract; PDF
The (Mythical?) Housing Wealth Effect
Charles Calomiris, Stanley D. Longhofer, William Miles
Abstract; PDF
The Equality Multiplier
Erling Barth, Karl O. Moene
Abstract; PDF
Birth Cohort and the Black-White Achievement Gap: The Roles of Access and Health Soon After Birth
Kenneth Y. Chay, Jonathan Guryan, Bhashkar Mazumder #15078 (CH ED HC HE LS PE)
Abstract; PDF

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Childcare, Eldercare, and Labor Force Participation of Married Women in Urban China: 1982−2000
Margaret Maurer-Fazio, Rachel Connelly, Chen Lan, Lixin Tang
Abstract; PDF

Brain Drain in Globalization: A General Equilibrium Analysis from the Sending Countries’ Perspective
Luca Marchiori, I-Ling Shen, Frédéric Docquier
Abstract; PDF

No Room to Live: Urban Overcrowding in Edwardian Britain
Ian Gazeley, Andrew T. Newell
Abstract; PDF

Do International Labor Standards Contribute to the Persistence of the Child Labor Problem?
Matthias Doepke, Fabrizio Zilibotti
Abstract; PDF

Parental Education and Wages: Evidence from China
Yuanyuan Chen, Shuaizhang Feng
Abstract; PDF

The Timing of Maternal Work and Time with Children
Jay Stewart
Abstract; PDF

Inequality and Volatility Moderation in Russia: Evidence from Micro-Level Panel Data on Consumption and Income
Yuriy Gorodnichenko, Klara Sabirianova Peter, Dmitriy Stolyarov
Abstract; PDF

Network Formations among Immigrants and Natives
Gil S. Epstein, Odelia Heizler (Cohen)
Abstract; PDF

Long-Term Impact of Youth Minimum Wages: Evidence from Two Decades of Individual Longitudinal Data
Ana Rute Cardoso
Abstract; PDF

The one-child family: France in the European context

The one-child family: France in the European context
By: Didier Breton and France Prioux
Source: Demographic Research
Abstract:
This paper observes the change since the 1970s in the proportion of men and women having only one child during their reproductive life, and examines their sociodemographic characteristics. The aim is to explore the significant variables of the complement of the parity progression ratio from first to second birth (1-A1). First, we present the theories, findings and results relating to the single-child family model in Europe. Then, we perform a multivariate analysis with the dependent variable of the model being the fact of not having had a second child ten years after the birth of a first child in stable unions.

Full text (PDF)

Two New Reports on Health Disparities

Sizable Health Disparities Evident In Every State Between Women of Different Racial and Ethnic Groups: New State-Level Data Show Disparities Vary Widely Across States
Source: Kaiser Family Foundation

 A decade after U.S. Surgeon General David Satcher called for the elimination of racial disparities in health, women of color in every state continue to fare worse than white women on a variety of measures of health, health care access and other social determinants of health according to a new study by the Kaiser Family Foundation.

News Release; Full Report (PDF)

HHS Secretary Sebelius Releases New Report on Health Disparities
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Reform.gov

“Minorities and low income Americans are more likely to be sick and less likely to get the care they need,” Secretary Sebelius said. “These disparities have plagued our health system and our country for too long. Now, it’s time for Democrats and Republicans to come together to pass reforms this year that help reduce disparities and give all Americans the care they need and deserve.”

Full report

Effects of Early Life on Elderly Health

Effects of Early Life on Elderly Health
By: Diana Lavery and Marlene Lee
Source: Population Reference Bureau
Personal choices made earlier in life can have lasting effects on elderly health. Decisions about exercise, nutrition, smoking, and drinking behavior, as well as some less obvious choices such as pursuit of higher education, whether or not to marry, and which neighborhood to live in all have consequences much later in life. Not only can such choices in one’s adult life affect elderly health, but so can characteristics of one’s childhood.
The National Institute on Aging (NIA) supports analysis of the effects of early life on elderly health. Knowledge gained from these analyses can help design programs to improve the choices people make both for themselves and for their children. This newsletter discusses some of the current research undertaken by NIA-sponsored and other researchers on the effects of early life on adult and elderly health.
Full text (PDF)

Changes in Fertility Rates Among Muslims in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh

Changes in Fertility Rates Among Muslims in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh: An interview with Mehtab Karim, a senior research adviser and senior fellow at the Pew Forum on Religion and World Affairs
By: Eric Zuehlke
Source: Population Reference Bureau
The number of Muslims worldwide is projected to grow over the next decade to reach one-quarter of the world’s population, largely because of higher fertility among Muslim populations. Yet, it is simplistic to argue that there is a specifically Islamic pattern of fertility due solely to religious influence, says Mehtab Karim, a senior research adviser and senior fellow at the Pew Forum on Religion and World Affairs. Karim visited PRB as part of its ongoing Policy Seminar series and presented findings based on the latest Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
Full text of interview