Monthly Archive for June, 2009

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Housing Inequality in the United States

Housing Inequality in the United States: A Decomposition Analysis of Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Homeownership
By: Sanjaya DeSilva
Source: Source: Levy Economics Institute of Bard College
In recent years, as the homeownership rate in the United States reached its highest level in history, homeownership itself remained unevenly distributed, particularly along racial and ethnic lines. By using data from the 2000 Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) and 2006 American Community Survey (ACS) to study the trajectory into homeownership of black, Asian, white, and Latino households, this paper explores the various socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, as well as the distinct immigration experiences and spatial patterns that shape racial and ethnic inequality in homeownership. The unique (merged) dataset enables the authors to distinguish assimilation (length of residence) from immigration cohort effects, and to control for various spatial characteristics at the PUMA (Public Use Microdata Area) level. The paper employs a decomposition technique that delineates the distinct effects that composition differentials have on the visible white-minority disparity in homeownership. The findings reveal substantial differences along racial-ethnic lines, highlight the importance of immigration and spatial context in determining Asian and Mexican homeownership rates, and emphasize the unique role that family structure and unobserved factors (e.g. prejudice and discrimination) continue to play in shaping the black-white homeownership gap.
Full text (PDF)

The Economics of Climate Change Migration

The economics of climate change mitigation: how to build the necessary global action in a cost-effective manner
By: Jean-Marc Burniaux, Jean Chateau, Rob Dellink, Romain Duval and Stéphanie Jamet
Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Economics Department

This paper examines the cost of a range of national, regional and global mitigation policies and the corresponding incentives for countries to participate in ambitious international mitigation actions. The paper illustrates the scope for available instruments to strengthen these incentives and discusses ways to overcome barriers to the development of an international carbon price, based on the quantitative assessment from two global and sectorially-disaggregated CGE models. Key step towards the emergence of a single international carbon price will most likely involve the phasing out of subsidies of fossil fuel consumption and various forms of linking between regional carbon markets, ranging from direct linking of
existing emission trading systems to more indirect forms through the use of crediting mechanisms. The paper discusses regulatory issues raised by the expansion of emission trading and crediting schemes as well as the complementary contribution of R&D policies. Finally, the paper emphasises the importance of incorporating deforestation into a global agreement as well as the key role of international transfers, not least to overcome the relatively strong economic incentives in some countries to free ride on other regions mitigation actions.

Full text (PDF)
OECD Economics Department Working Papers

New Working Papers from the NBER

The Random Coefficients Logit Model Is Identified
by Patrick Bajari, Jeremy Fox, Kyoo il Kim, Stephen P. Ryan
Abstract; PDF
Pollution, Health, and Avoidance Behavior: Evidence from the Ports of Los Angeles
by Enrico Moretti, Matthew Neidell
Abstract; PDF
Family Networks and School Enrolment: Evidence from a Randomized Social Experiment
by Manuela Angelucci, Giacomo DeGiorgi, Marcos A. Rangel, Imran Rasul
Abstract; PDF
Quantity-Quality and the One Child Policy:The Only-Child Disadvantage in School Enrollment in Rural China
by Nancy Qian
Abstract; PDF
Why do Institutions of Higher Education Reward Research While Selling Education?
by Dahlia K. Remler, Elda Pema
Abstract; PDF
Toxic Exposure in America: Estimating Fetal and Infant Health Outcomes
by Nikhil Agarwal, Chanont Banternghansa, Linda Bui
Abstract; PDF
The Relationship Between Neighborhood Quality and Obesity Among Children
by Bisakha Sen, Stephen Mennemeyer, Lisa C. Gary
Abstract; PDF
Short Run Constraints and the Increasing Marginal Value of Time in Recreation
by Raymond B. Palmquist, Daniel J. Phaneuf, V. Kerry Smith
Abstract; PDF
Food Stamp Program and Consumption Choices
by Neeraj Kaushal, Qin Gao
Abstract; PDF
Studying the Child Obesity Epidemic With Natural Experiments
by Robert Sandy, Gilbert Liu, John Ottensmann, Rusty Tchernis, Jeffrey Wilson, O.T. Ford
Abstract; PDF
Effects of Weight on Adolescent Educational Attainment
by Robert Kaestner, Michael Grossman, Benjamin Yarnoff
Abstract; PDF
The Impact of the AIDS Pandemic on Health Services in Africa: Evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys
by Anne Case, Christina Paxson
Abstract; PDF
The Impact of State-Level Nutrition-Education Program Funding on BMI: Evidence from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
by Kerry Anne McGeary
Abstract; PDF
Differences in the U.S. Trends in the Prevalence of Obesity Based on Body Mass Index and Skinfold Thickness
by Richard V. Burkhauser, John Cawley, Maximilian D. Schmeiser
Abstract; PDF
Child Care Subsidies and Childhood Obesity
by Chris M. Herbst, Erdal Tekin
Abstract; PDF
Direct and Indirect Effects of Teenage Body Weight on Adult Wages
by Euna Han, Edward C. Norton, Lisa M. Powell
Abstract; PDF
Why Do Skilled Immigrants Struggle in the Labor Market? A Field Experiment with Six Thousand Resumes
by Philip Oreopoulos
Abstract; PDF

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Population Aging, Elderly Migration and Education Spending: Intergenerational Conflict Revisited
Mehmet S. Tosun, Claudia R. Williamson, Pavel Yakovlev
Abstract; PDF

Sample Attrition Bias in Randomized Experiments: A Tale of Two Surveys
Luc Behaghel, Bruno Crépon, Marc Gurgand, Thomas Le Barbanchon
Abstract; PDF

Participation in Higher Education: A Random Parameter Logit Approach with Policy Simulations
Darragh Flannery, Cathal O’Donoghue
Abstract; PDF

An Empirical Analysis of the Dynamics of the Welfare State: The Case of Benefit Morale
Martin Halla, Mario Lackner, Friedrich Schneider
Abstract; PDF

Still Waiting for Mister Right? Asymmetric Information, Abortion Laws and the Timing of Marriage
Simon W. Bowmaker, Patrick M. Emerson
Abstract; PDF

Optimal Family Policy in the Presence of Moral Hazard, When the Quantity and Quality of Children Are Stochastic
Alessandro Cigno, Annalisa Luporini
Abstract; PDF

The Impact of Demographic Change on Human Capital Accumulation
Michael Fertig, Christoph M. Schmidt, Mathias Sinning
Abstract; PDF

Corruption and the Shadow Economy: A Structural Equation Model Approach
Andreas Buehn, Friedrich Schneider
Abstract; PDF

Low Pay Persistence in European Countries
Ken Clark, Nikolaos C. Kanellopoulos
Abstract; PDF

A Reevaluation of the Role of Family in Immigrants’ Labor Market Activity: Evidence from a Comparison of Single and Married Immigrants
Sarit Cohen-Goldner, Chemi Gotlibovski, Nava Kahana
Abstract; PDF

Intra-Household Time Allocation: Gender Differences in Caring for Children
Inmaculada García-Mainar, José Alberto Molina, Víctor M. Montuenga
Abstract; PDF

Social Incentives in the Workplace
(forthcoming in: Review of Economic Studies)
Oriana Bandiera, Iwan Barankay, Imran Rasul
Abstract; PDF

Postponing Maternity in Ireland
Cathal O’Donoghue, David Meredith, Eamon O’Shea
Abstract; PDF

The Paradox of Declining Female Happiness
Betsey Stevenson, Justin Wolfers
Abstract; PDF

Google Econometrics and Unemployment Forecasting
(forthcoming in: Applied Economics Quarterly, 2009)
Nikos Askitas, Klaus F. Zimmermann
Abstract; PDF

New Study Reveals Scope of Drug and Crime Connection

New Study Reveals Scope of Drug and Crime Connection; As Many as 87 Percent of People Arrested for Any Crime Test Positive for Drug Use
Source: Office of National Drug Control Policy
The Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) released data from the 2008 Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program (ADAM II), the only Federal drug survey which tests for drugs in addition to relying on interview data. The report, which surveys drug use among booked male arrestees in 10 major metropolitan areas across the country, shows the majority of arrestees in each city test positive for illicit drug use, with as many as 87 percent of arrestees testing positive for an illegal drug.
2008 ADAM II Report (PDF)
2008 ADAM II Report Fact Sheet (PDF)

Fellowships available at MEASURE DHS

FELLOWSHIPS IN POPULATION AND HEALTH
ICF Macro is seeking applications from advanced Ph.D. students and recent Ph.D. graduates in demography, social sciences, and public health to conduct research studies on population and health issues in developing countries. The fellows are expected to work at their home institution to analyze data collected in the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and Service Provision Assessment (SPA) Surveys in one or more countries and prepare publishable-quality manuscripts on policy-relevant topics. Candidates are invited to submit a brief research proposal (3-4 pages), clearly outlining the research question(s), scope of analysis, and potential policy significance of their proposed study.
Candidates should also submit a brief application letter, a curriculum vitae, names of three references, and proof of their status either as an advanced Ph.D. student (those with completed course requirements and working on their dissertation/thesis) or as a recent Ph.D. graduate (past five years). Strong preference will be given to candidates from developing countries.
The applications are due before June 15, 2009. Selected candidates will be notified before July 15, 2009 and will be asked to submit a detailed outline and analysis plan for their study before August 30, 2009. A completed first draft of the manuscript will be due before December 15, 2009. In February 2010, Macro will organize a two-week workshop for the fellows to revise and polish their manuscripts for publication. Participation in the workshop is required.
Each selected fellow will be awarded a $5,000 stipend to cover his/her research expenses, which will be paid in three installments, upon submission of a detailed analysis plan, after completion of a draft manuscript, and after satisfactory completion of final revised manuscript. In addition, Macro will cover travel, lodging, and per diem expenses for each fellow to attend the workshop.
Please send applications to Vinod Mishra, Director of Research, Demographic and Health Research Division, ICF Macro, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705, USA.
Email: vinod.mishra@macrointernational.com
Fax: 1-301-572-0999.
For information on Demographic and Health Surveys and Service Provision Assessment Surveys, visit www.measuredhs.com.
For more information on ICF Macro employment, visit: http://www.macrointernational.com/Employment/job_openings.aspx#HQ-FPH5-14-09