Monthly Archive for August, 2010

New Working Papers from the NBER

Maternal Health and the Baby Boom
by Stefania Albanesi, Claudia Olivetti
Abstract; PDF

Understanding Overeating and Obesity
By Christopher J. Ruhm
Abstract; PDF

Rational Choice and Voter Turnout: Evidence from Union Representation Elections
By Henry S. Farber
Abstract; PDF

America’s settling down: How Better Jobs and Falling Immigration led to a Rise in Marriage, 1880 – 1930
By Tomas Cvrcek
Abstract; PDF

The ABCDs of Health: Explaining the Reduction in AIDS in Uganda
By Marcella M. Alsan, David M. Cutler
Abstract; PDF

Effects of Overweight on Risky Sexual Behavior of Adolescent Girls
By Susan Averett, Hope Corman, Nancy Reichman
Abstract; PDF

A New Cost-Benefit and Rate of Return Analysis for the Perry Preschool Program: A Summary
By James J. Heckman, Seong Hyeok Moon, Rodrigo Pinto, Peter Savelyev, Adam Yavitz
Abstract; PDF

Rent-sharing, Holdup, and Wages: Evidence from Matched Panel Data
By David Card, Francesco Devicienti, Agata Maida
Abstract; PDF

Work Incentives and the Food Stamp Program
By Hilary Williamson Hoynes, Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach
Abstract; PDF

Investing in Our Young People
By Flavio Cunha, James J. Heckman
Abstract; PDF

The Child and Adult Care Food Program: Who is Served and What are Their Nutritional Outcomes?
By Rachel A. Gordon, Robert Kaestner, Sanders Korenman, Kristin Abner
Abstract; PDF

Rethinking the Area Approach: Immigrants and the Labor Market in California, 1960-2005
By Giovanni Peri
Abstract; PDF

Innovation and Welfare: Results from Joint Estimation of Production and Demand Functions
By Jordi Jaumandreu, Jacques Mairesse
Abstract; PDF

Do Differences in School’s Instruction Time Explain International Achievement Gaps in Math, Science, and Reading? Evidence from Developed and Developing Countries
By Victor Lavy
Abstract; PDF

Attenuation Bias in Measuring the Wage Impact of Immigration
By Abdurrahman Aydemir, George J. Borjas
Abstract; PDF

Endogenous Gentrification and Housing Price Dynamics
By Veronica Guerrieri, Daniel Hartley, Erik Hurst
Abstract; PDF

Check in the Mail or More in the Paycheck: Does the Effectiveness of Fiscal Stimulus Depend on How It Is Delivered?
by Claudia R. Sahm, Matthew D. Shapiro, Joel Slemrod
Abstract; PDF

California Center for Population Research Working Papers

Doing “Sex Drugs”: Accomplishing and Navigating Social Identities as Young African American and Latino Gay and Bisexual Men (PDF)
Tara McKay, Bryce McDavitt, Sheba George, Matt G. Mutchler

Education of Children and Differential Mortality of Parents: Do Parents Benefit from Their Children’s Attainments? (PDF)
Esther Friedman, Robert D. Mare

Providing for Older Parents: Is It a Family Affair? (PDF)
Esther Friedman, Judith A. Seltzer

“At That Time, I Didn’t Understand It!”: Exploring the Subject of Contraceptive Knowledge and Use Among Women with Induced Abortion Experiences in the Greater Accra Region, Ghana (PDF)
Adriana Biney

Education and Population Health: A Reassessment (PDF)
David Baker, Juan Leon, Emily G. Smith, John Collins, Marcela Movit

Labor Force Characteristics by Race and Ethnicity, 2009

Labor Force Characteristics by Race and Ethnicity, 2009
Source: U.S. Department of Labor, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

The U.S. job market continued to deteriorate in 2009, and all major race and ethnicity groups continued to experience labor market difficulties. For the second year in a row, employment fell more sharply for Blacks and Hispanics than for Whites and Asians. Unemployment rates remained especially high for Blacks and Hispanics in 2009, reaching 14.8 percent for Blacks and 12.1 percent for Hispanics. These figures were much higher than the unemployment rates for Whites and Asians, at 8.5 percent and 7.3 percent, respectively.

Full text (PDF)

Summertime Child Care Arrangements

Who’s Minding the Kids? Child Care Arrangements: Spring 2005/Summer 2006
By: Lynda Laughlin
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports

Children are less likely to have regular child care arrangements during the school break in the summer — about 55 percent of preschoolers and 58 percent of grade-schoolers were not in a regular child care placement during the summer of 2006. According to a new U.S. Census Bureau report, those children who do have regular arrangements typically spend more hours in child care during the summer than the rest of the year.

Relatives continued to play an important role in child care during the summer with half of preschoolers and nearly half of all grade-schoolers of employed mothers receiving child care from relatives. These findings are in a new report from the U.S. Census Bureau based on the 2005-2006 Survey of Income and Program Participation.

Full text (PDF)

Katrina’s Impact On The Population Of New Orleans

NPR’s Robert Siegel talks to Mark VanLandingham, a professor of public health at Tulane University, about the changes in the makeup of the population of New Orleans since Hurricane Katrina struck the city five years ago. Some ethnic groups have rebounded better than others. The Vietnamese population of East New Orleans has robustly returned to their old neighborhood, and the Hispanic population of the city has grown.

Broadcast August 23, 2010

Listen to the story or read the transcript

Demographics of the Oldest People in the World

Scientists Seek to Tabulate Mysteries of the Aged
Carl Bialik | Wall Street Journal
July 24, 2010

The World’s Best Agers
Carl Bialik | Wall Street Journal
July 23, 2010

This Exclusive Club Has One Requirement: 110 Birthday Candles
[link to full text]
JEFFREY ZASLOW | Wall Street Journal
February 25, 2005

Gerontology Sleuths Search For ‘Supercentenarians’; Disproving False Claims

Wikipedia for academics? Peer review on the web

The following are articles that cover some experiments in web-based/transparent reviews of scholarly articles.

Academia tests crowd-sourcing: Journals are slowly moving toward open-online-peer reviews for scholarly work
Faith Merino | VatorNews
August 24, 2010

Time for Peer Review to Meet the Web?
Heather Horn | The Atlantic Wire
August 24, 2010

Scholars Test Web Alternative to Peer Review
PATRICIA COHEN | New York Times
August 23, 2010
The Internet is calling into question one of academia’s sacred rites: the peer- reviewed journal article.

Mandatory ACS: Rumblings of discontent. . .

The American Community Survey (ACS) is part of the Decennial Census program as it is the replacement for the Census long-form. All questions ask in the Census and the ACS have to be approved by Congress. Here’s the justification for the 2010 Census (and ACS) questions:

Subjects Planned for the 2010 Census and American Community Survey: Federal Legislative and Program Uses

Because the ACS is part of the Decennial Census, it also is mandatory. Here are some articles that indicate some discontent about this. Will it be an election issue? Don’t hold your breath although the RNC has taken a stand on it (NY Times, August 19th article).

Census Survey Asks Too Much, G.O.P. Says
Sam Roberts | New York Times
August 19, 2009

Census getting personal
THERESA HEGEL | Bucks County Courier Times
August 9, 2010

Data Sharing: Leads to advances in science

Sharing of Data Leads to Progress on Alzheimer’s
Gina Kolata | New York Times
August 12, 2010

The key to a collaborative Alzheimer’s project was an ambitious agreement to share all the data, making every single finding public immediately.

Census: Should it be mandatory or optional?

This is a collection of articles – mostly from Canada discussing the implications of making the long-form questionnaire optional in the upcoming 2011 Canadian census.  The first article is a US-based article that touches on the issue of mandatory response to the census.  It also describes population registries, which is a way to collect information on a population.  Will administrative records replace the 2020 census?

Making it Count: Alternative Ways to Gather Census Data
Carl Bialik | Wall Street Journal
July 30, 2010

Feds do belong in census business
Harry Bruce | The Chronicle Herald
August 15, 2010

No more census concessions, Clement vows
CBC News
August 14, 2010

Clement’s census comments ‘untrue’: Rae
CBC News
August 11, 2010

Canada’s census, intrusive? Nothing like the alternatives
By Antonia Zerbisias| Toronto Star
August 13, 2010

Census changes don’t add up
By Christopher Hume| Toronto Star
July 22, 2010

Intense Debate in Canada Over Longer Census
By IAN AUSTEN | New York Times
Published: July 23, 2010