Monthly Archive for August, 2010

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Oldest Old: How good are the data (Japan)

Japan, Checking on Its Oldest, Finds Many Gone
MARTIN FACKLER | New York Times
August 14, 2010
Revelations of missing centenarians have hit an aging population already grappling with caring for the elderly.

California Center for Population Research Working Papers

Adult Mortality Trends in Africa
Georges Reniers, Bruno Masquelier, Patrick Gerland
PDF

Migrant Networks and Pathways to Child Obesity in Mexico
Mathew J. Creighton, Noreen Goldman, Graciela Teruel Belismelis, Luis Rubalcava
Abstract; PDF

Doubling Up When Times Are Tough: A Pilot Study of Obligations to Share a Home in Response to Economic Hardship
Judith A. Seltzer, Charles Strohm, Suzanne M. Bianchi
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of Partner Sex: Nondisclosure of HIV Status to Male and Female Partners among Men who Have Sex with Men and Women
Tara McKay, Matt G. Mutchler
Abstract; PDF

Demographic Impacts of Climatic Fluctuations in Northeast China, 1749-1909
Cameron Campbell, James Lee
Abstract; PDF

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Crossing the Border: Self-Selection, Earnings and Individual Migration Decisions
Simone Bertoli, Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga, Francesc Ortega
Abstract; PDF

Female Labor Supply and Divorce: New Evidence from Ireland
Olivier Bargain, Libertad Gonzalez, Claire Keane, Berkay Özcan
Abstract; PDF

What Linear Estimators Miss: Re-Examining the Effects of Family Income on Child Outcomes
Katrine V. Loken, Magne Mogstad, Matthew Wiswall
Abstract; PDF

Real Wages, Working Time, and the Great Depression: What Does Micro Evidence Tell Us?
Robert A. Hart, J. Elizabeth Roberts
Abstract; PDF

Migration, Self-Selection, and Income Distributions: Evidence from Rural and Urban China
Chunbing Xing
Abstract; PDF

The Evolution of Secularization: Cultural Transmission, Religion and Fertility Theory, Simulations and Evidence
Ronen Bar-El, Teresa García Muñoz, Shoshana Neuman, Yossef Tobol
Abstract; PDF

Immigration Background and the Intergenerational Correlation in Education
Deborah A. Cobb-Clark, Trong-Ha Nguyen
Abstract; PDF

Inequality in Vietnamese Urban-Rural Living Standards, 1993-2006
Huong Thu Le, Alison L. Booth
Abstract; PDF

Violent Conflict and Inequality
Cagatay Bircan, Tilman Brück, Marc Vothknecht
Abstract; PDF

Disease Prevalence, Disease Incidence, and Mortality in the United States and in England
James Banks, Alastair Muriel, James P. Smith
Abstract; PDF

Quantile Treatment Effects in the Regression Discontinuity Design: Process Results and Gini Coefficient
Markus Frölich, Blaise Melly
Abstract; PDF

Do Gun Buybacks Save Lives? Evidence from Panel Data
Andrew Leigh, Christine Neill
Abstract; PDF

Crime and Immigration: Evidence from Large Immigrant Waves
Brian Bell, Stephen Machin, Francesco Fasani
Abstract; PDF

The Crime Reducing Effect of Education
Stephen Machin, Olivier Marie, Sunčica Vujić
Abstract; PDF

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Education and Family Background: Mechanisms and Policies
(forthcoming in: Handbook of the Economics of Education)
Anders Björklund, Kjell G. Salvanes
Abstract; PDF

Residual Wage Inequality in Urban China, 1995-2007
Chunbing Xing
Abstract; PDF

School Shootings and Student Performance
Panu Poutvaara, Olli Ropponen
Abstract; PDF

How Do Immigrants Spend Their Time? The Process of Assimilation
Daniel S. Hamermesh, Stephen Trejo
Abstract; PDF

Gender Differences in Competition Emerge Early in Life
Matthias Sutter, Daniela Rützler
Abstract; PDF

Social Preferences in Childhood and Adolescence: A Large-Scale Experiment
Matthias Sutter, Francesco Feri, Martin G. Kocher, Peter Martinsson, Katarina Nordblom, Daniela Rützler
Abstract; PDF

From Classroom to Wedding Aisle: The Effect of a Nationwide Change in the Compulsory Schooling Law on Age at First Marriage in the UK
Nattavudh Powdthavee, Kampon Adireksombat
Abstract; PDF

Do Bans on Affirmative Action Hurt Minority Students? Evidence from the Texas Top 10% Plan
Kalena E. Cortes
Abstract; PDF

Gender Differences and Dynamics in Competition: The Role of Luck
David Gill, Victoria L. Prowse
Abstract; PDF

Fair and Unfair Income Inequalities in Europe
Daniele Checchi, Vitorocco Peragine, Laura Serlenga
Abstract; PDF

The Long-Run Labor-Market Consequences of Civil War: Evidence from the Shining Path in Peru
Jose Galdo
Abstract; PDF

Rational Choice and Voter Turnout: Evidence from Union Representation Elections
Henry Farber
Abstract; PDF

Does Income Taxation Affect Partners’ Household Chores?
Arthur van Soest, Elena Stancanelli
Abstract; PDF

Global Climate Change and the Resurgence of Tropical Disease: An Economic Approach
Douglas Gollin, Christian Zimmermann
Abstract; PDF

2011 Small Grants Competition: Research Related to TANF Reauthorization

2011 Small Grants Competition: Research Related to TANF Reauthorization
Source: National Poverty Center, Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, University of Michigan

Application Deadline: Monday, October 18, 2010 at 5PM Eastern Standard Time

Purpose:
The National Poverty Center (NPC) at the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, University of Michigan seeks to fund research that will broaden and/or deepen our understanding of issues related to the future reauthorization of the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) Program. The NPC anticipates funding up to 4 proposals, up to a maximum of $12,500 per award. Funds for this competition are contingent on the funds being provided by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) at the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services.

More information
Request for Proposals (PDF)

Spells of Unemployment, 2004-2007

Dynamics of Economic Well-Being: Spells of Unemployment, 2004-2007
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Press Release:
Data from the 2004 Survey of Income and Program Participation on how often and how long U.S. residents were unemployed between January 2004 and the official start of the recession in December 2007. The data are presented by a variety of demographic characteristics, including race, Hispanic origin, sex, age and educational attainment. Internet address:
http://www.census.gov/prod/2010pubs/p70-120.pdf

New Data from CPS on Asian and Black Populations: 2007-2008

The Asian Population in the United States: 2007 and 2008
Press Release:
A series of detailed tables with data on a wide range of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the Asian population. Topics covered include marital status, educational attainment, nativity and citizenship status, labor force and employment status, occupation, earnings, poverty and housing tenure. The data, collected by the Current Population Survey, pertain to the noninstitutionalized population and are shown for the Asian Alone population and the Asian Alone or in Combination population. Internet address:
http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/race/api.html.

The Black Population in the United States: 2007 and 2008
Press Release:
A series of detailed tables with data on a wide range of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the Black population. Topics covered include marital status, educational attainment, nativity and citizenship status, labor force and employment status, occupation, earnings, poverty and housing tenure. The data, collected by the Current Population Survey, pertain to the noninstitutionalized population and are shown for the Black Alone population and the Black Alone or in Combination population. Internet address:
http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/race/black.html.

State-Specific Obesity Prevalence Among Adults

Vital Signs: State-Specific Obesity Prevalence Among Adults — United States, 2009
Source: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Early Release

Background: Obesity is a costly condition that can reduce quality of life and increases the risk for many serious chronic diseases and premature death. The U.S. Surgeon General issued the Call to Action to Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesity in 2001, and in 2007, no state had met the Healthy People 2010 objective to reduce obesity prevalence among adults to 15%.

Methods: CDC used 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey data to update estimates of national and state-specific obesity prevalence. Obesity was calculated based on self-reported weight and height and defined as body mass index (weight [kg] / height [m]2) ≥30.

Results: Overall self-reported obesity prevalence in the United States was 26.7%. Non-Hispanic blacks (36.8%), Hispanics (30.7%), those who did not graduate from high school (32.9%), and persons aged 50–59 years (31.1%) and 60–69 years (30.9%) were disproportionally affected. By state, obesity prevalence ranged from 18.6% in Colorado to 34.4% in Mississippi; only Colorado and the District of Columbia (19.7%) had prevalences of <20%; nine states had prevalences of ≥30%.

Conclusions: In 2009, no state met the Healthy People 2010 obesity target of 15%, and the self-reported overall prevalence of obesity among U.S. adults had increased 1.1 percentage points from 2007.

Full report (PDF)

Overcoming Rural Health Care Barriers

Overcoming Rural Health Care Barriers through Innovative Wireless Health Technologies
Darrell M. West testimony in front of the Health Subcommittee of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Veterans Affairs
Source: Brookings

June 24, 2010 —
In testimony before the Health Subcommittee of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Veterans Affairs, Darrell West argues that wireless health technologies can provide quality and accessible care to rural veterans.

Full transcript

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Adolescent Drug Use and the Deterrent Effect of School-Imposed Penalties
Glen R. Waddell
Abstract; PDF

Misclassification Errors and the Underestimation of U.S. Unemployment Rates
Shuaizhang Feng, Yingyao Hu
Abstract; PDF

A Political Economy of the Immigrant Assimilation: Internal Dynamics
Gil S. Epstein, Ira N. Gang
Abstract; PDF

Migration and Loving
Deniz Gevrek
Abstract; PDF

Immigrant Assimilation, Trust and Social Capital
James C. Cox, Wafa Hakim Orman
Abstract; PDF

The Phantom of the Opera: Cultural Amenities, Human Capital, and Regional Economic Growth
Oliver Falck, Michael Fritsch, Stephan Heblich
Abstract; PDF

How Economics Helped Shape American Judaism
(forthcoming in: Aaron Levine (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Judaism and Economics, OUP: 2010)
Carmel U. Chiswick
Abstract; PDF

The Effects of Aging on Migration in a Transition Economy: The Case of China
Örn B. Bodvarsson, Jack W. Hou
Abstract; PDF

Black-White Gap in Self-Employment in the U.S.: Do Cohort and Within Race Differences Exist?
Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere, Willie Belton
Abstract; PDF

Cumulation of Cross-Section Surveys: Evaluation of Alternative Concepts for the Cumulated Continuous Household Budget Surveys (LWR) 1999 until 2003 Compared to the Sample Survey of Income and Expenditures (EVS) 2003
Joachim Merz, Henning Stolze
Abstract; PDF

The Effects of School Quality in the Origin on the Payoff to Schooling for Immigrants
(forthcoming in: Gil Epstein and Ira Gang (eds.), Culture and Migration (Frontiers of Economics and Globalization), Emerald Publishers, 2010)
Barry R. Chiswick, Paul W. Miller
Abstract; PDF

Why Does Intermarriage Increase Immigrant Employment? The Role of Networks
Delia Furtado, Nikolaos Theodoropoulos
Abstract; PDF

New Century, Old Disparities: Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Latin America
Hugo Nopo, Juan Pablo Atal, Natalia Winder
Abstract; PDF

The Impact of Child Care Subsidies on Child Well-Being: Evidence from Geographic Variation in the Distance to Social Service Agencies
Chris M. Herbst, Erdal Tekin
Abstract; PDF