Monthly Archive for October, 2010

New Working Papers from the NBER

Predictive Regressions: A Present-value Approach
by Jules H. van Binsbergen, Ralph S.J. Koijen
Abstract; PDF

Immigration: America’s nineteenth century “law and order problem”?
by Howard Bodenhorn, Carolyn M. Moehling, Anne Morrison Piehl
Abstract; PDF

Class Size and Class Heterogeneity
by Giacomo DeGiorgi, Michele Pellizzari, William Gui Woolston
Abstract; PDF

Evaluating the Gifted Program of an Urban School District using a Modified Regression Discontinuity Design
by Billie Davis, John Engberg, Dennis N. Epple, Holger Sieg, Ron Zimmer
Abstract; PDF

Prosocial Spending and Well-Being: Cross-Cultural Evidence for a Psychological Universal
by Lara B. Aknin, Christopher P. Barrington-Leigh, Elizabeth W. Dunn, John F. Helliwell, Robert Biswas-Diener, Imelda Kemeza, Paul Nyende, Claire E. Ashton-James, Michael I. Norton
Abstract; PDF

The Impact of Education on Health Knowledge
by Duha Tore Altindag, Colin Cannonier, Naci H. Mocan
Abstract; PDF

How Do Immigrants Spend Time?: The Process of Assimilation
by Daniel S. Hamermesh, Stephen J. Trejo
Abstract; PDF

School Desegregation and Urban Change: Evidence from City Boundarie.
by Leah Platt Boustan
Abstract; PDF

Demography and Population Loss from Central Cities, 1950-2000
by Leah Platt Boustan, Allison Shertzer
Abstract; PDF

The Gender Gap Cracks Under Pressure: A Detailed Look at Male and Female Performance Differences During Competitions
by Christopher Cotton, Frank McIntyre, Joseph Price
Abstract; PDF

Estimating Dynamic Discrete Choice Models with Hyperbolic Discounting, with an Application to Mammography Decisions
by Hanming Fang, Yang Wang
Abstract; PDF

Immigration, Offshoring and American Jobs
by Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, Giovanni Peri, Greg C. Wright
Abstract; PDF

Subjective Well-Being, Income, Economic Development and Growth
by Daniel W. Sacks, Betsey Stevenson, Justin Wolfers
Abstract; PDF

You’ve Earned It: Combining Field and Lab Experiments to Estimate the Impact of Human Capital on Social Preferences
by Pamela Jakiela, Edward Miguel, Vera L. te Velde #16449 (ED POL)
Abstract; PDF

Financial Literacy, Schooling, and Wealth Accumulation
by Jere R. Behrman, Olivia S. Mitchell, Cindy Soo, David Bravo
Abstract; PDF

The Impact of College Education on Geographic Mobility: Identifying Education Using Multiple Components of Vietnam Draft Risk
by Ofer Malamud, Abigail K. Wozniak
Abstract; PDF

The Medical Care Costs of Obesity: An Instrumental Variables Approach
by John Cawley, Chad Meyerhoefer
Abstract; PDF

Do People Seek to Maximize Happiness? Evidence from New Surveys by Daniel J. Benjamin, Ori Heffetz, Miles S. Kimball, Alex Rees-Jones #16489 (AG PE)
Abstract; PDF

China’s New Census: Measuring migrants and unregistered children

China prepares for first census in 10 years
TINI TRAN (AP) San Jose Mercury News
October 20, 2010
This census will count people where they live, not where they are legally registered. This will help China better understand its migrant population. There is some concern that respondents will be reluctant to be counted where they are living or to report unregistered births.

Reports from the Urban Institute

Emergency Food Assistance Helps Many Low-Income Hispanic Children
Michael Martinez-Schiferl, Sheila R. Zedlewski
In 2009, nearly 1 in every 5 children in the United States lived in families that used emergency food assistance through Feeding America, the nation’s largest organization of emergency food providers. Higher shares of Hispanic and black children used emergency food assistance than white children, reflecting their higher rates of poverty. While the majority of families using emergency food assistance also accessed at least one of the federal nutrition assistance programs, only one in four received food stamps. The high demand for private food assistance demonstrates the extreme need in 2009 caused by high unemployment and poverty.
Full brief (PDF)

Low-Income Hispanic Children Need both Private and Public Food Assistance
Michael Martinez-Schiferl, Sheila R. Zedlewski
Families that use emergency food assistance often also get help from federal nutrition programs. Hispanic families less often receive help through the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly called food stamps) than families of other racial/ethnic groups placing them at greater nutritional risk. Families that do not receive SNAP benefits often think that their income, assets or citizenship status makes them ineligible. The broad use of food banks and pantries among low-income families with children demonstrates unmet nutritional needs and confirms that enhancements to the federal nutrition safety net are needed.
Full brief

Poverty in the United States, September 16, 2010
Austin Nichols
The U.S. Census Bureau has announced that the poverty rate jumped to 14.3 percent in 2009, up from 13.2 percent in 2008. This 15-year high still understates the dire straits of many Americans today.
Full document (pdf)

Children of Immigrants Data Tool

Children of Immigrants Drive the Increase in America’s Youth Population, but Almost Half Live in Low-Income Families

Abstract
Updated with 2007 and 2008 American Community Survey data, the Children of Immigrants Data Tool can generate customized graphs and charts for every state and the District of Columbia. Statistics on 26 indicators include citizenship and the immigrant status (foreign vs. native-born) of children and their parents; children’s race, ethnicity, and school enrollment; parents’ education and English proficiency; and family composition, income, work effort, homeownership, and food stamp receipt.

See full announcement here.

Children of Immigrants Data Tool
The report based on this data: Children of Immigrants: 2008 Update by Karina Fortuny

California Center for Population Research Working Papers

Same‐sex couples in US Census Bureau Data: Who gets counted and why
Gates, Gary
Paper (pdf)

The Stability of Same-Sex Cohabitation, Different-Sex Cohabitation, and Marriage
Strohm, Charles
Paper (pdf)

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Does Intermarriage Pay Off? A Panel Data Analysis
Olga Nottmeyer
Abstract; PDF

Running and Jumping Variables in RD Designs: Evidence Based on Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Birth Weights
Alan Barreca, Melanie Guldi, Jason M. Lindo, Glen R. Waddell
Abstract; PDF

Efficient Intra-Household Allocation of Parental Leave
Juliane Parys, Gregor Schwerhoff
Abstract; PDF

Skin Tone’s Decreasing Importance on Employment: Evidence from a Longitudinal Dataset, 1985-2000
Randall K. Q. Akee, Mutlu Yuksel
Abstract; PDF

Migration and Culture
Gil S. Epstein, Ira N. Gang
Abstract; PDF

Experimental Approaches in Migration Studies
(forthcoming in: Handbook of Research Methods in Migration)
David McKenzie, Dean Yang
Abstract; PDF

Does More Money Make You Fat? The Effects of Quasi-Experimental Income Transfers on Adolescent and Young Adult Obesity
Randall K. Q. Akee, Emilia Simeonova, William Copeland, Adrian Angold, Jane E. Costello
Abstract; PDF

The Elephant in the Corner: A Cautionary Tale about Measurement Error in Treatment Effects Models
Daniel L. Millimet
Abstract; PDF

Location Choices of Migrant Nest-Leavers: Spatial Assimilation or Continued Segregation?
(forthcoming in: Advances in Life Course Research (available online: June 2010))
Aslan Zorlu, Clara H. Mulder
Abstract; PDF

Ethnic Fragmentation, Conflict, Displaced Persons and Human Trafficking: An Empirical Analysis
Randall K. Q. Akee, Arnab K. Basu, Nancy Chau, Melanie Khamis
Abstract; PDF

Inequality of Educational Opportunity in India: Changes over Time and across States
Niaz Asadullah, Gaston Yalonetzky
Abstract; PDF

Can Educational Expansion Improve Income Inequality in China? Evidences from the CHNS 1997 and 2006 Data
Guangjie Ning
Abstract; PDF

Estimating the Effect of the One-Child Policy on Sex Ratio Imbalance in China: Identification Based on the Difference-in-Differences
Hongbin Li, Junjian Yi, Junsen Zhang
Abstract; PDF

Health Outcomes and Socio-Economic Status among the Elderly in China: Evidence from the CHARLS Pilot
John Strauss, Xiaoyan Lei, Albert Park, Yan Shen, James P. Smith, Zhe Yang, Yaohui Zhao
Abstract; PDF

Intra-household Resource Allocation: Do Parents Reduce or Reinforce Child Cognitive Ability Gaps?
Paul Frijters, David W. Johnston, Manisha Shah, Michael A. Shields
Abstract; PDF

Collateral Costs: Incarceration’s Effect on Economic Mobility

Collateral Costs: Incarceration’s Effect on Economic Mobility
By: Bruce Western and Becky Pettit
Source: Pew Charitable Trusts

Collateral Costs: Incarceration’s Effect on Economic Mobility is a collaborative effort between Pew’s Economic Mobility Project and its Public Safety Performance Project (PSPP). The report examines the impact of incarceration on the economic opportunity and mobility of former inmates and their families. In addition, Collateral Costs examines the prison population by race/ethnicity and educational levels. It finds that incarceration reduces former inmates’ earnings by 40 percent and limits their future economic mobility and that one in every 28 children in America has a parent behind bars, up from one in 125 just 25 years ago. The report’s findings are based on research by Professor Bruce Western of Harvard University and Professor Becky Pettit of the University of Washington.

Full report (PDF)

The Ibrahim Index of African Governance

Mo Ibrahim Foundation launches the 2010 Ibrahim Index of African Governance

The 2010 Ibrahim Index shows recent gains in many countries in human and economic development but declines in political rights, personal safety and the rule of law.
Press release

The Ibrahim Index:
* Measures the delivery of public goods and services to citizens by government and nonstate actors
* Uses indicators across four main categories: Safety and Rule of Law; Participation and Human Rights; Sustainable Economic Opportunity; and Human Development as proxies for the quality of the processes and outcomes of governance
* Is the most comprehensive collection of qualitative and quantitative data that assess governance in Africa
* Is funded and led by an African institution
* Is a progressive and consultative assessment of governance

Scores & Rankings
Methodology
Full dataset (Excel)

New apportionment projections from EDS

New Population Estimates Show Slight Changes for 2010 Congressional Apportionment, with a Number of States Sitting Close to the Edge
Kimball Brace | Election Data Services
September 26, 2010

And the reactions:

Fears Fly Over Redistricting
Devlin Barrett and Michael Howard Saul | Wall Street Journal
September 30, 2010

Congressional Apportionment Watch
Michael McDonald |George Mason University
[from Huffington Post]
George Mason University
September 29, 2010

Census tally to help shift power in House
John Fritze | USA Today
September 27, 2010

Florida and New York gain importance in 2010 with new redistricting estimates
Aaron Blake | Washington Post
September 27, 2010

Report: Fla. adds 2 seats, N.Y. loses
Richard Cohen | Politico
September 26, 2010

Report: Missouri, Illinois will lose one congressional seat
Tony Messenger | St. Louis Post Dispatch
September 27, 2010

Washington still in line to get a 10th congressional seat
Richard Wagoner | Seattle Times
September 27, 2010

Minnesota could maintain its eight US House seats after all
Jeremy Herb | Minneapolis Star Tribune
September 27, 2010