Monthly Archive for November, 2010

The Old and New Politics of Faith

The Old and New Politics of Faith: Religion and the 2010 Election
By: E.J. Dionne and William A. Gaston
Source: The Brookings Institution

From Introduction:

Economic convulsions have a way of changing the priorities of voters. Although concerns for their own and their families’ well-being are never far from citizens’ minds, these matters are less pressing in prosperous times. At such moments, voters feel freer to use elections as ways of registering their views on matters related to religion, culture, values and foreign policy.

But when times turn harsh, the politics of jobs, wealth, and income can overwhelm everything else. Thus did the focus of the country’s politics change radically between 1928, a classic culture war contest dominated by arguments over prohibition and presidential candidate Al Smith’s religious faith, and 1932, when the Great Depression ushered in a new political alignment and created what became Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal coalition.

Full text

State of World Population, 2010

From Conflict and Crisis to Renewal: Generations of Change
Source: UNFPA

Ten years ago, the United Nations Security Council passed a landmark resolution calling on governments to protect women from rape during war time and to tap the power of women to keep the peace and rebuild societies once the fighting has stopped.

Has the resolution made any difference in the struggle against gender-based violence? Are women in war-torn countries faring any better today than they were a decade ago? Do women finally have a place at the table in peace negotiations and in reconstruction?

The State of World Population 2010 will show what has been accomplished in places affected by ongoing conflicts or by military occupation. It will also show the special challenges of countries that have endured both political instability and natural disaster.

Full text of reports and media outreach may be found here.
Previous years’ reports may be found here.

The Decline of Marriage and Rise of New Families

By: Pew Social Trends Staff
Source: Pew Research Center

From the Executive Summary:

The transformative trends of the past 50 years that have led to a sharp decline in marriage and a rise of new family forms have been shaped by attitudes and behaviors that differ by class, age and race, according to a new Pew Research Center nationwide survey, conducted in association with TIME magazine, and complemented by an analysis of demographic and economic data from the U.S. Census Bureau.

Full report
Also at pewsocialtrends.org, explore a set of interactive charts to see trends related to marriage, children and household composition.

Map: Where Americans Are Moving

By: Jon Bruner
Forbes.com

More than 10 million Americans moved from one county to another during 2008. The map visualizes those moves. Click on any county to see comings and goings: black lines indicate net inward movement, red lines net outward movement.

Interactive Map

Source: Internal Revenue Service data. The IRS only reports inter-county moves for more than 10 people, so some moves are not shown on this map.

Mapping the Measure of America

Source: American Human Development Project of the Social Science Research Council

Ever wondered how your state or congressional district stacks up compared with your neighbors on life expectancy, preschool enrollment, earnings or dozens of other indicators? Create customized maps by state and congressional district and by county for Louisiana and Mississippi. Build and sort data charts for over 100 indicators. Explore the Maps.

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Domestic Violence and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from a Mixed-Race Developing Country
Gustavo Javier Canavire Bacarreza, Fernando Rios Avila
Abstract; PDF

Can Private School Growth Foster Universal Literacy? Panel Evidence from Indian Districts
Sarmistha Pal, Geeta Kingdon
Abstract; PDF

Estimating Marginal Returns to Education
Pedro Carneiro, James J. Heckman, Edward Vytlacil
Abstract; PDF

Risk Attitudes and Well-Being in Latin America
Juan Camilo Cardenas, Jeffrey P. Carpenter
Abstract; PDF

Early Childhood Stimulation Interventions in Developing Countries: A Comprehensive Literature Review
Helen Baker-Henningham, Florencia López Bóo
Abstract; PDF

The Choice Between Fixed and Random Effects Models: Some Considerations for Educational Research
Paul Clarke, Claire Crawford, Fiona Steele, Anna Vignoles
Abstract; PDF

Labour Market Impact of Large Scale Internal Migration on Chinese Urban ‘Native’ Workers
Xin Meng, Dandan Zhang
Abstract; PDF

With or Without You: Divorce Rates and Intra-Household Allocation of Time
Domenico Tabasso
Abstract; PDF

The Weight of the Crisis: Evidence from Newborns in Argentina
Carlos Bozzoli, Climent Quintana-Domeque
Abstract; PDF

Trends in Quality-Adjusted Skill Premia in the United States, 1960-2000
Pedro Carneiro, Sokbae Lee
Abstract; PDF

The First World War and Working-Class Food Consumption in Britain
Ian Gazeley, Andrew T. Newell
Abstract; PDF

What Do We Work For? An Anatomy of Pre- and Post-Tax Earnings Growth
Anders Frederiksen, Timothy Halliday, Alexander K. Koch
Abstract; PDF

Empirical Welfare Analysis in Random Utility Models of Labour Supply
André Decoster, Peter Haan
Abstract; PDF

Immigrant Over- and Under-education: The Role of Home Country Labour Market Experience
Matloob Piracha, Massimiliano Tani, Florin Vadean
Abstract; PDF

Distributional Changes in the Gender Wage Gap
Sonja Kassenböhmer, Mathias Sinning
Abstract; PDF

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Bend It Like Beckham: Ethnic Identity and Integration
Alberto Bisin, Eleonora Patacchini, Thierry Verdier, Yves Zenou
Abstract; PDF

Efficient Redistribution: Comparing Basic Income with Unemployment Benefits
Felix FitzRoy, Jim Jin
Abstract; PDF

Neighbourhood Choice and Neighbourhood Reproduction
Lina Bergström, Maarten van Ham, David Manley
Abstract; PDF

The British Household Panel Survey and its Income Data
Stephen P. Jenkins
Abstract; PDF

Institutions and Economic Performance: What Can Be Explained?
Simon Commander, Zlatko Nikoloski
Abstract; PDF

Her Time, His Time, or the Maid’s Time: An Analysis of the Demand for Domestic Work
Elena G. F. Stancanelli, Leslie S. Stratton
Abstract; PDF

Immigrant Heterogeneity and the Earnings Distribution in the United Kingdom and United States: New Evidence from a Panel Data Quantile Regression Analysis
Sherrilyn M. Billger, Carlos Lamarche
Abstract; PDF

Analyzing the Anticipation of Treatments Using Data on Notification Dates
Bruno Crépon, Marc Ferracci, Grégory Jolivet, Gerard J. van den Berg
Abstract; PDF

Neighbourhood Effects, Housing Tenure, and Individual Employment Outcomes
(forthcoming in: Van Ham M., Manley D., Bailey N., Simpson L., Maclennan D. (eds.), Neighbourhood Effects Research: New Perspectives (Chapter 7), Springer Dordrecht)
David Manley, Maarten van Ham
Abstract; PDF

Nonresponse and Focal Point Answers to Subjective Probability Questions
Kristin J. Kleinjans, Arthur van Soest
Abstract; PDF

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Spatial Decentralization and Program Evaluation: Theory and an Example from Indonesia
Mark M. Pitt, Nidhiya Menon
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of Early Childhood Developmental Program Attendance on Future School Enrollment and Grade Progression in Rural North India
Gautam Hazarika, Vejoya Viren
Abstract; PDF

Returns to Education in Four Transition Countries: Quantile Regression Approach
Anita Staneva, Reza Arabsheibani, Philip D. Murphy
Abstract; PDF

Parental Job Loss and Infant Health
Jason M. Lindo
Abstract; PDF

Post-Socialist International Migration: The Case of China-to-South Korea Ethnic Labour Migration
Anna Myunghee Kim
Abstract; PDF

Religion and Child Health
Barry R. Chiswick, Donka M. Mirtcheva
Abstract; PDF

Linearity in Instrumental Variables Estimation: Problems and Solutions
Magne Mogstad, Matthew Wiswall
Abstract; PDF

The Contribution of Social Transfers to the Reduction of Poverty Nicholas T. Longford, Catia Nicodemo
Abstract; PDF

On Population Structure and Marriage Dynamics
(published in: The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics (2010): Vol. 10 : Iss. 1 (Advances), Article 33. )
Eugenio P. Giolito
Abstract; PDF

Natural Experiment Evidence on the Effect of Migration on Blood Pressure and Hypertension
John Gibson, Steven Stillman, David McKenzie, Halahingano Rohorua
Abstract; PDF

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Happiness and Financial Satisfaction in Israel: Effects of Religiosity, Ethnicity, and War
(forthcoming in: Journal of Economic Psychology)
Mariya Aleksynska, Yann Algan
Abstract; PDF

Assimilation and Integration of Immigrants in Europe
Mariya Aleksynska, Yann Algan
Abstract; PDF

Culture, Institutions and the Wealth of Nations
Yuriy Gorodnichenko, Gerald Roland
Abstract; PDF

Married with Children: A Collective Labor Supply Model with Detailed Time Use and Intrahousehold Expenditure Information
Laurens Cherchye, Bram De Rock, Frederic Vermeulen
Abstract; PDF

Wage Subsidies, Work Incentives, and the Reform of the Austrian Welfare System
Viktor Steiner, Florian Wakolbinger
Abstract; PDF

The Wage Elasticity of Informal Care Supply: Evidence from the Health and Retirement Study
Olena Y. Nizalova
Abstract; PDF

Understanding Neighbourhood Effects: Selection Bias and Residential Mobility
(forthcoming in: Van Ham M., Manley D., Bailey N., Simpson L., Maclennan D. (eds.), Neighbourhood Effects Research: New Perspectives (Chapter 4), Springer Dordrecht)
Lina Bergström, Maarten van Ham
Abstract; PDF

Parental Risk Attitudes and Children’s Secondary School Track Choice
Guido Heineck, Oliver Wölfel
Abstract; PDF

Religious Participation versus Shopping: What Makes People Happier?
Danny Cohen-Zada, William Sander
Abstract; PDF

Tests of Hypotheses Arising in the Correlated Random Coefficient Model
(forthcoming in: Economic Modelling, Special Issue in Honor of PAVB Swamy)
James J. Heckman, Daniel Schmierer
Abstract; PDF

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Economic Choices and Status: Measuring Preferences for Income Rank
Redzo Mujcic, Paul Frijters
Abstract; PDF

Explaining Variation in Child Labor Statistics
Andrew Dillon, Elena Bardasi, Kathleen Beegle, Pieter Serneels
Abstract; PDF

Household Choices and Child Development
Daniela Del Boca, Christopher Flinn, Matthew Wiswall
Abstract; PDF

Fatal Attraction? Access to Early Retirement and Mortality
Andreas Kuhn, Jean-Philippe Wuellrich, Josef Zweimüller
Abstract; PDF

Attrition and Health in Ageing Studies: Evidence from ELSA and HRS
James Banks, Alastair Muriel, James P. Smith
Abstract; PDF

Minimum Wages, Labor Market Institutions, and Female Employment and Unemployment: A Cross-Country Analysis
John T. Addison, Orgul Demet Ozturk
Abstract; PDF

Do Natural Disasters Affect Human Capital? An Assessment Based on Existing Empirical Evidence
Javier E. Baez, Alejandro de la Fuente, Indhira Santos
Abstract; PDF

Social Spending Generosity and Income Inequality: A Dynamic Panel Approach
Judith Niehues
Abstract; PDF

Gender Differentials in the Payoff to Schooling in China
(forthcoming in: Journal of Development Studies)
Weiwei Ren, Paul W. Miller
Abstract; PDF

Child Health and the Income Gradient: Evidence from China
Yi Chen, Xiaoyan Lei, Li-An Zhou
Abstract; PDF