Monthly Archive for January, 2011

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New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Immigrants’ Employment Outcomes over the Business Cycle
Pia M. Orrenius, Madeline Zavodny
Abstract; PDF

The Importance of Two-Sided Heterogeneity for the Cyclicality of Labour Market Dynamics
Ronald Bachmann, Peggy David
Abstract; PDF

Sequentiality versus Simultaneity: Interrelated Factor Demand
Magne Krogstad Asphjell, Wilko Letterie, Øivind Anti Nilsen, Gerard A. Pfann
Abstract; PDF

A Flying Start? Long Term Consequences of Maternal Time Investments in Children During Their First Year of Life
Pedro Carneiro, Katrine V. Loken, Kjell G. Salvanes
Abstract; PDF

Poverty and Survival
Sonia R. Bhalotra
Abstract; PDF

Overweight and Poor? On the Relationship between Income and the Body Mass Index
Dean Jolliffe
Abstract; PDF

The Production of PhDs in the United States and Canada
Barry R. Chiswick, Nicholas Larsen, Paul Pieper
Abstract; PDF

Why Children of College Graduates Outperform their Schoolmates: A Study of Cousins and Adoptees
Torbjørn Haegeland, Lars Johannessen Kirkebøen, Oddbjørn Raaum, Kjell G. Salvanes
Abstract; PDF

Trust, Positive Reciprocity, and Negative Reciprocity: Do These Traits Impact Entrepreneurial Dynamics?
Marco Caliendo, Frank M. Fossen, Alexander S. Kritikos
Abstract; PDF

Intergenerational Persistence in Health in Developing Countries: The Penalty of Gender Inequality?
(forthcoming in: Journal of Public Economics)
Sonia R. Bhalotra, Samantha Rawlings
Abstract; PDF

Endogenous Treatment Effects for Count Data Models with Sample Selection or Endogenous Participation
Massimiliano Bratti, Alfonso Miranda
Abstract; PDF

Resisting Moral Wiggle Room: How Robust is Reciprocity?
Joël van der Weele, Julija Kulisa, Michael Kosfeld, Guido Friebel
Abstract; PDF

Labor Market Developments in China: A Neoclassical View
Suqin Ge, Dennis Yang
Abstract; PDF

Correctional Populations in the United States, 2009

Correctional Populations in the United States, 2009
By: Lauren Glaze
Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics

Presents summary data on the number of adults under some form of correctional supervision in the United States at yearend 2009. Correctional supervision includes adults supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in prison or local jails. The report provides a comparison between the change in the correctional population observed since 2000 and the changes observed during the 1980s and 1990s, which illustrates the slowing of growth in the population during each decade. It also includes the number of men and women under each correctional status and trend analysis of men and women under correctional supervision since 1990.

Press Release
PDF
ASCII file
Spreadsheets (Zip format)

United Nations World Youth Report

United Nations World Youth Report. Youth and Climate Change.
Source: United Nations Programme on Youth

From the introduction:

Climate change is one of the defining challenges of the twenty-first century. It is a challenge that is global in both its impact and its solutions but one that is not shared equally, as developing countries are likely to be among the most seriously affected by and the least able to address the consequences of climate change. Climate change touches every aspect of life and impinges on development efforts, with consequences ranging from immediate to long term. Major adjustments are required to promote more sustainable patterns of production and consumption at both the collective and individual levels. Solid evidence exists that climate change will have a more serious impact than initially anticipated and that adaptation and mitigation will entail significantly higher costs if action is deferred than if the problem is addressed now.

Addressing and adjusting to the challenge of climate change is certain to be a defining feature of the future of today’s youth. It is therefore critical that young people educate themselves and become more actively involved in combating this threat. The present Report is designed to assist youth and youth organizations in such an endeavour. It is also meant to affirm the status of young people as key stakeholders in the fight against climate change. The publication comes at a time when efforts to address climate change are receiving unparalleled attention in the international arena, offering youth a unique opportunity for their voice to be heard in the debate.

Complete Report (PDF)

World Migration Report: 2010

World Migration Report: 2010. The Future of Migration: Building Capacities for Change
Source: United Nations, International Organization for Migration

From Press Release:

In a world where demographics, economic needs and the effects of climate change were set to spur rising numbers of migrants, Governments and intergovernmental organizations needed to invest adequate financial and human resources to ensure that societies — and migrants themselves — reaped migration’s full potential, Michele Klein-Solomon, Observer for the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to the United Nations, said today.

“Migration is here to stay […] and is set to increase,” Ms. Klein-Solomon said at a Headquarters press conference to launch IOM’s flagship publication, World Migration Report (WMR) 2010: The Future of Migration: Building Capacities for Change. “The challenge for the future will be in how to manage it.” She noted that the launch was taking place just ahead of the 18 December commemoration of International Migrants Day.

She said the report identified key migration dynamics and trends, citing, among other main drivers, declining population rates in industrialized countries coupled with stagnant job growth in the developing world; income disparities; poverty and conflict; and globalization. She said that since most Governments today lacked the capacity to deal with the long-term challenges posed by increasingly complex migration issues, the report identified six main policy areas likely to undergo great changes due to developments in migration, as well as 10 ways within each policy area by which Governments could build their capacities.

Full report (PDF)

Children of Immigrants: Economic Well-Being

Children of Immigrants: Economic Well-Being
By: Ajay Chaudry and Karina Fortuny
Source: Urban Institute

Abstract

This data brief is the fourth in a series that profiles children of immigrants using up-to-date census data and other sources. The first brief highlighted the fast growth of the immigrant population and important demographic trends. The second described the family circumstances of children of immigrants, and the third highlighted the circumstances of young children age 0 to 8. The current brief focuses on immigrant families’ incomes, economic well-being, food insecurity, and use of public benefits.

Full brief (PDF)