Monthly Archive for May, 2011

Millenials Value Parenthood More Than Marriage

By: Wendy Wang and Paul Taylor
Source: Pew Research Center, Social & Demographic Trends

From The Daily Number:

While parenthood and marriage have long been linked, America’s youngest generation places far more value on the former than the latter. A 52%-majority of Millennials (adults ages 18 to 29) say being a good parent is one of the most important things in their life. Just 30% say the same about having a successful marriage, meaning there is a 22-percentage-point gap in the way Millennials value parenthood over marriage. When this same question was posed to 18- to 29-year-olds in 1997, the gap was just seven percentage points. At the time, 42% of members of that generation — known as Gen X — said being a good parent is one of the most important things in life while 35% said the same about having a successful marriage. Pew Research surveys also find that Millennials are less likely than adults ages 30 and older to say that a child needs a home with both a father and mother to grow up happily and that single parenthood and unmarried couple parenthood are bad for society.

Full report

How U.S. Older Adults Provide Care for Their Aging Parents, Adult Children, and Friends

Source: Population Reference Bureau
By: Suzanne Bianchi

From press release:

Most research on the gender gap in unpaid caregiving in the United States has focused on young families. During the childrearing years, women provide the bulk of child care, although the time men spend caring for their children has increased in recent years.

As part of PRB’s 2010-2011 Policy Seminar series, Suzanne Bianchi, a University of California Los Angeles sociology professor, examined new research on caregiving in later life—a time when men and women may spend their time in similar ways as they enter their retirement years. The study, conducted with Joan Kahn and Brittany McGill of the University of Maryland, explored whether retirement and marital status made a difference in how men and women helped others. Specifically, they set out to learn whether men replaced paid work with time spent helping others after retirement and whether divorced people spent less time caring for kin, reflecting weakened family ties.

View webcast, “Gender and Intergenerational Transfer of Time Later in Life,” Suzanne Bianchi (Time: 45 min)

Food Desert Locator

Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service

From “About the Food Desert Locator“:

Part of the First Lady’s Let’s Move! initiative, the proposed Healthy Food Financing Initiative (HFFI) will expand the availability of nutritious food to food deserts—low-income communities without ready access to healthy and affordable food—by developing and equipping grocery stores, small retailers, corner stores, and farmers markets with fresh and healthy food. The HFFI is a partnership between the Treasury Department, Health and Human Services, and the Agriculture Department (USDA). An Interagency Working Group from the three departments, along with staff from the Economic Research Service (ERS/USDA), developed a definition of food deserts to be used in determining eligibility for HFFI funds.

ERS’s Food Desert Locator was built using Environmental Systems Research Inc. (ESRI) ArcGIS Server technology. The background topographic and satellite maps as well as the address locator service were also provided by ESRI.

The objectives of the Food Desert Locator are:

  • to present a spatial overview of where food-desert census tracts are located;
  • to provide selected population characteristics of food-desert census tracts; and
  • to offer data on food-desert census tracts that can be downloaded for community planning or research purposes.
  • Food Desert Locator
    For a wider set of statistics, see also The Food Environment Atlas.

    New Working Papers from the NBER

    Wealth Effects Revisited 1978-2009
    by Karl E. Case, John M. Quigley, Robert J. Shiller
    Abstract; PDF

    Teacher Incentives and Student Achievement: Evidence from New York City Public Schools
    by Roland G. Fryer
    Abstract; PDF

    Mother’s Schooling, Fertility, and Children’s Education: Evidence from a Natural Experiment
    by Victor Lavy, Alexander Zablotsky
    Abstract; PDF

    Exposure to Food Advertising On Television: Associations With Children’s Fast Food and Soft Drink Consumption and Obesity
    by Tatiana Andreyeva, Inas Rashad Kelly, Jennifer L. Harris
    Abstract; PDF

    Math or Science? Using Longitudinal Expectations Data to Examine the Process of Choosing a College Major
    by Todd R. Stinebrickner, Ralph Stinebrickner #16869 (ED)
    Abstract; PDF

    Adequate (or Adipose?) Yearly Progress: Assessing the Effect of “No Child Left Behind” on Children’s Obesity
    by Patricia M. Anderson, Kristin F. Butcher, Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach
    Abstract; PDF

    A Roy Model of Social Interactions
    by Steve Cicala, Roland G. Fryer, Jr., Joerg L. Spenkuch
    Abstract; PDF

    Going to a Better School: Effects and Behavioral Responses
    by Cristian Pop-Eleches, Miguel Urquiola
    Abstract; PDF

    HIV Status and Labor Market Participation in South Africa
    by James A. Levinsohn, Zoe McLaren, Olive Shisana, Khangelani Zuma
    Abstract; PDF

    The Psychological Costs of War: Military Combat and Mental Health
    by Resul Cesur, Joseph J. Sabia, Erdal Tekin
    Abstract; PDF

    Information Shocks and Social Networks
    by David N. Figlio, Sarah Hamersma, Jeffrey Roth
    Abstract; PDF

    Cities, Skills, and Regional Change
    by Edward L. Glaeser, Giacomo A.M. Ponzetto, Kristina Tobio
    Abstract; PDF

    An Overview of The Changing Body: Health, Nutrition, and Human Development in the Western World Since 1700
    by Robert W. Fogel, Nathaniel Grotte
    Abstract; PDF

    Education as Liberation?
    by Willa Friedman, Michael Kremer, Edward Miguel, Rebecca Thornton #16939 (ED POL)
    Abstract; PDF

    Socioeconomic Status in Childhood and Health After Age 70: A New Longitudinal Analysis for the U.S., 1895-2005
    by Joseph P. Ferrie, Karen Rolf
    Abstract; PDF

    Hispanics Account for More Than Half of Nation’s Growth in Past Decade

    Census 2010: 50 Million Latinos
    By: Jeffrey S. Passel, D’Vera Cohn, and Mark Hugo Lopez
    Source: Pew Hispanic Center

    From Pew’s The Daily Number:
    From 2000 to 2010, the population growth in the United States was driven almost exclusively by racial and ethnic minorities. Overall, racial and ethnic minorities accounted for 91.7% of the nation’s population growth over the past 10 years. The non-Hispanic white population has accounted for only the remaining 8.3% of the nation’s growth. Hispanics were responsible for 56% of the nation’s population growth over the past decade. There are now 50.5 million Latinos living in the U.S. according to the 2010 Census, up from 35.3 million in 2000, making Latinos the nation’s largest minority group and 16.3% of the total population. There are 196.8 million whites in the U.S. (accounting for 63.7% of the total population), 37.7 million blacks (12.2%) and 14.5 million Asians (4.7%). Six million non-Hispanics, or 1.9% of the U.S. population, checked more than one race.

    Complete report (PDF)

    New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

    The Turkish Wage Curve: Evidence from the Household Labor Force Survey
    Badi H. Baltagi, Yusuf Soner Baskaya, Timur Hulagu
    Abstract; PDF

    Social Mixing as a Cure for Negative Neighbourhood Effects: Evidence Based Policy or Urban Myth?
    (forthcoming in: Bridge, G., Butler, T. & Lees, L. (eds.), Mixed Communities: Gentrification by Stealth, Policy Press, Bristol)
    David Manley, Maarten van Ham, Joe Doherty
    Abstract; PDF

    Intra-Household Work Timing: The Effect on Joint Activities and the Demand for Child Care
    Chris van Klaveren, Henriette Maassen van den Brink, Bernard M. S. van Praag
    Abstract; PDF

    Migration, Transfers and Child Labor
    Ralitza Dimova, Gil S. Epstein, Ira N. Gang
    Abstract; PDF

    Parental Education, Grade Attainment and Earnings Expectations among University Students
    Liam Delaney, Colm P. Harmon, Cathy Redmond
    Abstract; PDF

    Altruism in Society: Evidence from a Natural Experiment Involving Commuters
    Redzo Mujcic, Paul Frijters
    Abstract; PDF

    Hidden Consequences of a First-Born Boy for Mothers
    Andrea Ichino, Elly-Ann Lindström, Eliana Viviano
    Abstract; PDF

    A Call for Comparative Research: Consequences of a Rising Income Inequality for State Activities
    Renate Neubäumer
    Abstract; PDF

    The Sick Pay Trap
    Elisabeth Fevang, Simen Markussen, Knut Røed
    Abstract; PDF

    Network Effects on Migrants’ Remittances
    Ainhoa Aparicio Fenoll
    Abstract; PDF

    Heterogeneity in Schooling Rates of Return
    (forthcoming in: Economics of Education Review)
    Daniel J. Henderson, Solomon Polachek, Le Wang
    Abstract; PDF

    How to Deal with Covert Child Labour, and Give Children an Effective Education, in a Poor Developing Country
    Alessandro Cigno
    Abstract; PDF

    Physical Attractiveness, Employment, and Earnings
    Christian Pfeifer
    Abstract; PDF

    The Role of Race and Birth Place in Welfare Usage among Comparable Women: Evidence from the U.S.
    Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere, Maharouf Oyolola
    Abstract; PDF

    Strategic Plan for a Collaborative Neighborhood-Based Crime Prevention Initiative

    Strategic Plan for a Collaborative Neighborhood-Based Crime Prevention Initiative
    By: Akiva Liberman, Jocelyn Fontaine, Martha Ross, Caterina Gouvis Roman, John Roman
    Source: Urban Institute

    Abstract:

    A promising approach to reducing and preventing crime at the neighborhood level involves addressing both immediate and long-term risk factors for crime. This strategic plan outlines a collaborative Neighborhood-Based Crime Prevention Initiative (NCPI) that combines law enforcement-led crime suppression activities with human and social service efforts to address longer-term risk factors for crime. This plan focuses on the initiative’s structure, and data and administrative requirements. Objectives, associated suppression and prevention activities, and performance measures are related to initiative goals and measurable crime outcomes. This sets the stage for an initiative that could be monitored and ultimately evaluated.

    Entire report (PDF)

    So what is imputation in the census? Pew explains it

    This is a great article on imputation – explaining the history of its usage, types, and comparisons with the 2000 Census. It also touches on a 2000 Census challenge – Utah vs Evans – which was based on North Carolina having a higher rate of imputation than Utah.

    Read all about it:

    Imputation: Adding People to the Census
    D’Vera Cohn | pewsocialtrends.org
    May 4, 2011

    Why the sub-750,000 Detroit census count matters

    The 2010 Census enumeration for Detroit came in at 713,777, which was a shock to most. Detroit’s relative population loss (-25%) was only rivaled by New Orleans (-30%) among major cities. But, another implication for Detroit is that various Michigan statutes in favor of Detroit are based on “any city with a population of 750,000+.” Detroit no longer meets that requirement.

    Read about the implications:

    Panic in Detroit: The Motor City and Flaws in the U.S. Census
    Matthew Blake | understandinggov.org
    May 2, 2011

    Detroit’s Disappearing Population – And Revenues
    Alan Greenblatt | Reuters (posted by Huffington Post)
    April 12, 2011

    Official: Detroit census recount would come too late to help in state redistricting
    Karen Bouffard | Detroit News
    April 12, 2011

    Population loss could cost Detroit funds, privileges: Drop below 75000 may mean tax, other state laws need change
    Christine MacDonald | Detroit News
    March 24, 2011

    Detroit’s sub-750,000 Census count may lead to serious fiscal consequences
    Jeff T. Wattrick | Mlive.com
    March 24, 2011

    New Working Papers from the NBER

    Who Is (More) Rational?
    by Syngjoo Choi, Shachar Kariv, Wieland Mueller, Dan Silverman
    Abstract; PDF

    Occupational Status and Health Transitions
    by G. Brant Morefield, David C. Ribar, Christopher J. Ruhm
    Abstract; PDF

    Why Do Some People Want to Legalize Cannabis Use?
    by Jenny Williams, Jan C. van Ours, Michael Grossman
    Abstract; PDF

    Inequality at Birth: Some Causes and Consequences
    by Janet Currie
    Abstract; PDF

    Sex Ratios, Entrepreneurship, and Economic Growth in the People’s Republic of China
    by Shang-Jin Wei, Xiaobo Zhang
    Abstract; PDF

    New Evidence on Teacher Labor Supply
    by Mimi Engel, Brian A. Jacob
    Abstract; PDF

    The Impact of Early Occupational Choice On Health Behaviors
    by Inas Rashad Kelly, Dhaval M. Dave, Jody L. Sindelar, William T. Gallo
    Abstract; PDF

    Has Consumption Inequality Mirrored Income Inequality?
    by Mark A. Aguiar, Mark Bils
    Abstract; PDF

    The Impact of National Health Insurance on Birth Outcomes: A Natural Experiment in Taiwan
    by Shin-Yi Chou, Michael Grossman, Jin-Tan Liu
    Abstract; PDF

    The Returns to the Brain Drain and Brain Circulation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Some Computations Using Data from Ghana
    by Yaw Nyarko
    Abstract; PDF

    Single-Sex Schools, Student Achievement, and Course Selection: Evidence from Rule-Based Student Assignments in Trinidad and Tobago
    by C. Kirabo Jackson
    Abstract; PDF

    Life Shocks and Homelessness
    by Marah A. Curtis, Hope Corman, Kelly Noonan, Nancy Reichman
    Abstract; PDF

    Demographic Patterns and Household Saving in China
    by Chadwick C. Curtis, Steven Lugauer, Nelson C. Mark
    Abstract; PDF

    New Measures of the Costs of Unemployment: Evidence from the Subjective Well-Being of 2.3 Million Americans
    by John F. Helliwell, Haifang Huang
    Abstract; PDF

    Trends in the Transitory Variance of Male Earnings in the U.S., 1970-2004
    by Robert A. Moffitt, Peter Gottschalk
    Abstract; PDF

    Inheritances and the Distribution of Wealth or Whatever Happened to the Great Inheritance Boom? Results from the SCF and PSID
    by Edward N. Wolff, Maury Gittleman
    Abstract; PDF

    School Inputs, Household Substitution, and Test Scores
    by Jishnu Das, Stefan Dercon, James Habyarimana, Pramila Krishnan, Karthik Muralidharan, Venkatesh Sundararaman #16830 (CH ED PE) Abstract; PDF

    The American Family in Black and White: A Post-Racial Strategy for Improving Skills to Promote Equality
    by James J. Heckman
    Abstract; PDF

    Superfund Cleanups and Infant Health
    by Janet Currie, Michael Greenstone, Enrico Moretti
    Abstract; PDF