Monthly Archive for August, 2011

Asian demography: The flight from marriage

From the Economist

Asians are marrying later, and less, than in the past. This has profound implications for women, traditional family life and Asian politics. http://www.economist.com/node/21526329

Preventing Obesity and Its Consequences

Preventing Obesity and Its Consequences: Highlights of RAND Health Research
Source: RAND Corporation

Key findings:

  • Treating or preventing obesity would reduce rates of chronic disease and related health care costs, increase life expectancy, and improve birth outcomes.
  • Residential neighborhoods affect obesity rates by providing access to healthy and unhealthy foods and opportunities for physical activity.
  • It is not clear whether building more supermarkets in areas lacking access to healthy foods would help curb obesity.
  • Improving school meals may not help curb childhood obesity if food outlets surrounding schools make unhealthy food easy to get.
  • Full research brief
    Printer friendly PDF

Are Cohabiting Parents Bad For Kids?

Are Cohabiting Parents Bad For Kids?
By: Jennifer Ludden
Source: National Public Radio, Morning Edition

As more and more U.S. couples decide to have children without first getting married, a group of 18 family scholars is sounding an alarm about the impact this may have on those children.

In a new report out on Tuesday, they say research shows the children of cohabiting parents are at risk for a broad range of problems, from trouble in school to psychological stress, physical abuse and poverty.

The study is put out by the National Marriage Project and the Institute for American Values, groups whose missions include strengthening marriage and family life. It suggests a shift in focus is needed away from the children of divorce, which has long been a preoccupying concern for such scholars.

Audio and transcript are available.

The story is based on “Why Marriage Matters: Thirty Conclusions from the Social Science, 3rd edition“, from AmericanValues.org.

New Working Papers from the NBER

Early Maternal Employment and Family Wellbeing
by Pinka Chatterji, Sara Markowitz, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
Abstract; PDF

Future Skill Shortages in the U.S. Economy?
by David Neumark, Hans P. Johnson, Marisol Cuellar Mejia
Abstract; PDF

Post-Secondary Attendance by Parental Income in the U.S. and Canada: What Role for Financial Aid Policy?
by Philippe Belley, Marc Frenette, Lance Lochner
Abstract; PDF

The Effects of Health Shocks on Employment and Health Insurance: The Role of Employer-Provided Health Insurance
by Cathy J. Bradley, David Neumark, Meryl I. Motika
Abstract; PDF

School Competition and Teacher Labor Markets: Evidence from Charter School Entry in North Carolina
by C. Kirabo Jackson
Abstract; PDF

Human Capital Spillovers in Families: Do Parents Learn from or Lean on their Children?
by Ilyana Kuziemko
Abstract; PDF

The Feasibility and Importance of Adding Measures of Actual Experience to Cross-Sectional Data Collection
by Francine D. Blau, Lawrence M. Kahn
Abstract; PDF

Stepping Stones: Principal Career Paths and School Outcomes
by Tara Beteille, Demetra Kalogrides, Susanna Loeb
Abstract; PDF

How Survey Design Affects Inference Regarding Health Perceptions and Outcomes
by Anneke Exterkate, Robin L. Lumsdaine
Abstract; PDF

Prospective Analysis of a Wage Subsidy for Cape Town Youth
by James A. Levinsohn, Todd Pugatch
Abstract; PDF

A Dynamic Model of Demand for Houses and Neighborhoods
by Patrick Bayer, Robert McMillan, Alvin Murphy, Christopher Timmins
Abstract; PDF

Why Don’t the Poor Save More? Evidence from Health Savings Experiments
by Pascaline Dupas, Jonathan Robinson
Abstract; PDF

Time Use During Recessions
by Mark A. Aguiar, Erik Hurst, Loukas Karabarbounis
Abstract; PDF

The Elite Illusion: Achievement Effects at Boston and New York Exam Schools
by Atila Abdulkadiroglu, Joshua D. Angrist, Parag A. Pathak
Abstract; PDF

Population Grows in Twenty EU Member States

Population Grows in Twenty EU Member States
Source: Eurostat

From press release (PDF):

On 1 January 2011, the population of the EU27 was estimated at 502.5 million, compared with 501.1 million on 1 January 2010. The population of the EU27 grew by 1.4 million in 2010, an annual rate of +2.7 per 1000 inhabitants, due to a natural increase of 0.5 million (+1.0‰) and net migration of 0.9 million (+1.7‰).

The population of the euro area (EA17) was estimated at 332.0 million on 1 January 2011, compared with 330.9 million on 1 January 2010. The population of the euro area grew by 1.0 million in 2010, an annual rate of +3.1‰, due to a natural increase of 0.3 million (+1.0‰) and net migration of 0.7 million (+2.1‰).

Full press release (PDF)
Full report (PDF)

Role of Fathers is More Active and More Absent

A Tale of Two Fathers: More Are Active, but More are Absent
By: Gretchen Livingston and Kim Parker
Source: Pew Research Center

From Overview:

The role of fathers in the modern American family is changing in important and countervailing ways. Fathers who live with their children have become more intensely involved in their lives, spending more time with them and taking part in a greater variety of activities. However, the share of fathers who are residing with their children has fallen significantly in the past half century.Graph

In 1960, only 11% of children in the U.S. lived apart from their fathers. By 2010, that share had risen to 27%. The share of minor children living apart from their mothers increased only modestly, from 4% in 1960 to 8% in 2010.

Full report (PDF)