Monthly Archive for July, 2012

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New Working Papers from the NBER

Care or Cash? The Effect of Child Care Subsidies on Student Performance
by Sandra E. Black, Paul J. Devereux, Katrine V. Loken, Kjell G. Salvanes
Abstract; PDF

The Heterogeneity of the Cigarette Price Effect on Body Mass Index
by George Wehby, Charles J. Courtemanche
Abstract; PDF

Do Welfare Policies Matter for Labor Market Aggregates? Quantifying Safety Net Work Incentives since 2007
by Casey B. Mulligan
Abstract; PDF

Age-Based Heterogeneity and Pricing Regulation on the Massachusetts Health Insurance Exchange
by Keith M. Marzilli Ericson, Amanda Starc
Abstract; PDF

Human Capital, Economic Growth, and Inequality in China
by James J. Heckman, Junjian Yi
Abstract; PDF

Bankruptcy as Implicit Health Insurance
by Neale Mahoney
Abstract; PDF

Men, Women, and Machines: How Trade Impacts Gender Inequality
by Chinhui Juhn, Gergely Ujhelyi, Carolina Villegas-Sanchez
Abstract; PDF

When Walmart Comes to Town: Always Low Housing Prices? Always?
by Devin G. Pope, Jaren C. Pope
Abstract; PDF

The Effects of “Girl-Friendly” Schools: Evidence from the BRIGHT School Construction Program in Burkina Faso
by Harounan Kazianga, Dan Levy, Leigh L. Linden, Matt Sloan
Abstract; PDF

Does Decentralization Facilitate Access to Poverty-Related Services? Evidence from Benin
by Emilie Caldeira, Martial Foucault, Gregoire Rota-Graziosi #18118 (PE)
Abstract; PDF

Tall or Taller, Pretty or Prettier: Is Discrimination Absolute or Relative?
by Daniel S. Hamermesh
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of Education Policy on Crime: An Intergenerational Perspective
by Costas Meghir, Marten Palme, Marieke Schnabel
Abstract; PDF

Taxation and Redistribution of Residual Income Inequality
by Mikhail Golosov, Pricila Maziero, Guido Menzio
Abstract; PDF

Identification of Potential Games and Demand Models for Bundles
by Jeremy T. Fox, Natalia Lazzati
Abstract; PDF

Do Male-Female Wage Differentials Reflect Differences in the Return to Skill? Cross-City Evidence From 1980-2000
by Paul Beaudry, Ethan Lewis
Abstract; PDF

The Aftermath of Accelerating Algebra: Evidence from a District Policy Initiative
by Charles T. Clotfelter, Helen F. Ladd, Jacob L. Vigdor
Abstract; PDF

The Behavioralist Goes to School: Leveraging Behavioral Economics to Improve Educational Performance
by Steven D. Levitt, John A. List, Susanne Neckermann, Sally Sadoff
Abstract; PDF

Unobserved Heterogeneity in Matching Games
by Jeremy T. Fox, Chenyu Yang
Abstract; PDF

Choosing Size of Government Under Ambiguity: Infrastructure Spending and Income Taxation
by Charles F. Manski
Abstract; PDF

Income, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and Infant Health
by Hilary W. Hoynes, Douglas L. Miller, David Simon
Abstract; PDF

When Does It Pay to Delay Social Security? The Impact of Mortality, Interest Rates, and Program Rules
by John B. Shoven, Sita Nataraj Slavov
Abstract; PDF

New Working Papers from the NBER

The Opt-In Revolution? Contraception and the Gender Gap in Wages
by Martha J. Bailey, Brad Hershbein, Amalia R. Miller
Abstract; PDF

Limited Life Expectancy, Human Capital and Health Investments: Evidence from Huntington Disease
by Emily Oster, Ira Shoulson, E. Ray Dorsey
Abstract; PDF

Education, Health and Mortality: Evidence from a Social Experiment
by Costas Meghir, Marten Palme, Emilia Simeonova
Abstract; PDF

Choice Probability Generating Functions
by Mogens Fosgerau, Daniel L. McFadden, Michel Bierlaire
Abstract; PDF

Measuring Total Household Spending in a Monthly Internet Survey: Evidence from the American Life Panel
by Michael D. Hurd, Susann Rohwedder
Abstract; PDF

Heterogeneity in Human Capital Investments: High School Curriculum, College Major, and Careers
by Joseph G. Altonji, Erica Blom, Costas Meghir
Abstract; PDF

On The Political Economy Of Educational Vouchers
by Dennis N. Epple, Richard Romano
Abstract; PDF

School Turnarounds: Evidence from the 2009 Stimulus
by Thomas Dee
Abstract; PDF

Trends in Occupational Segregation by Gender 1970-2009: Adjusting for the Impact of Changes in the Occupational Coding System
by Francine D. Blau, Peter Brummund, Albert Yung-Hsu Liu
Abstract; PDF

Saving Babies: The Contribution of Sheppard-Towner to the Decline in Infant Mortality in the 1920s
by Carolyn M. Moehling, Melissa A. Thomasson
Abstract; PDF

Demand for Smokeless Tobacco: Role of Magazine Advertising
by Dhaval M. Dave, Henry Saffer
Abstract; PDF

Comparing Real Wages
by Orley C. Ashenfelter
Abstract; PDF

Measuring Test Measurement Error: A General Approach
by Donald Boyd, Hamilton Lankford, Susanna Loeb, James Wyckoff
Abstract; PDF

A Nation of Immigrants: Assimilation and Economic Outcomes in the Age of Mass Migration
by Ran Abramitzky, Leah Platt Boustan, Katherine Eriksson
Abstract; PDF

The Impact of Patient Cost-Sharing on the Poor: Evidence from Massachusetts
by Amitabh Chandra, Jonathan Gruber, Robin McKnight
Abstract; PDF

Testing Motives for Charitable Giving: A Revealed-Preference Methodology with Experimental Evidence
by Rahul Deb, Robert S. Gazzale, Matthew J. Kotchen
Abstract; PDF

The Impact of Immigration on the Educational Attainment of Natives
by Jennifer Hunt
Abstract; PDF

Estimating the Economic Impacts of Living Wage Mandates Using Ex Ante Simulations, Longitudinal Estimates, and New Public and Administrative Data: Evidence for New York City
by David Neumark, Matthew Thompson, Francesco Brindisi, Leslie Koyle, Clayton Reck
Abstract; PDF

Weathering the Storm: Hurricanes and Birth Outcomes
by Janet Currie, Maya Rossin-Slater
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of Housing Wealth on College Choice: Evidence from the Housing Boom
by Michael F. Lovenheim, C. Lockwood Reynolds
Abstract; PDF

Census Bureau Estimates, 2011

The Census Bureau released estimates of places in late June.

Data

Note that these estimates use a different algorithm than the state/county population estimates released earlier this year. Estimates for places are based on housing unit methodology. The estimates for states and counties are based on vital statistics (births, deaths) and an estimate of migration.

This makes a difference if one is comparing Detroit or Cleveland, which are both sub-county population estimates as compared to Baltimore, which is a county equivalent.

The results for Michigan show Detroit losing 3% of its population and remaining just above 700,000. All other places within Wayne County have very similar rates – with most of the difference due to the variations in the distribution of the GQ and household populations across these communities.

On the other hand, the Population Estimates for places produced by the Southeastern Michigan Census Council (SEMCOG) show quite a bit of variation within counties. Hamtramck grew by 2.1%, while Detroit and Highland Park declined by 4% and 6.6% respectively.

And, big picture-wise, Texas is home to 8 of the 15 most rapidly growing cities. [Press Release]

NSF Funding Solicitation Changes

NSF 12-105
Dear Colleague Letter

Proposal Solicitation and Evaluation Changes for the Geography and Spatial Sciences (GSS) Program
July 5, 2012

Effective immediately, GSS will conduct one annual competition for new research proposals submitted to the program. The next deadline for submission of these proposals is September 13, 2012. Starting in 2013, the proposal-submission deadline will be the first Thursday in September.

[Full statement]

Migration and sustainable development

Source: United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development

Introduction:

As discussions for Rio+20 progress, migration has been recognized for its increasing importance and relevance to the social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainable development, as well as for its influence on all regions of the world. This issues brief serves as a contribution to the discussions: it provides an overview of migration in the context of sustainable development, reviews related international commitments and their achievements since the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, and sketches a way forward for future discussions.

Full text (PDF)

African Statistical Yearbook, 2012

Source: African Development Bank

From the forward:

The African Statistical Yearbook (ASYB) 2012 is the fourth edition jointly produced by the African Development Bank (AfDB), the African Union Commission (AUC), and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA). It is a result of the fruitful collaboration that exists among the three pan-African organizations within the field of statistics. This synergistic collaboration has two principal benefits: (1) it minimizes the risk of inconsistent information being produced by the three organizations, and (2) it reduces the reporting burden on member states, who might otherwise be obliged to submit data separately to each institution.

As in the previous three editions, this 2012 Yearbook presents a time series showing the performance of African countries for various economic and social indicators over the period 2003–2011. The exception is for the mining sector, where the timeframe is 2001–2009, owing to the inherent lag in compiling data for the relevant indicators.

Full text (PDF)