Sample Size and Precision in NIH Peer Review

Public Library of Science (PLoS Article: “Sample Size and Precision in NIH Peer Review,” by David Kaplan1, Nicola Lacetera, and Celia Kaplan
The Working Group on Peer Review of the Advisory Committee to the Director of NIH has recommended that at least 4 reviewers should be used to assess each grant application. A sample size analysis of the number of reviewers needed to evaluate grant applications reveals that a substantially larger number of evaluators are required to provide the level of precision that is currently mandated. NIH should adjust their peer review system to account for the number of reviewers needed to provide adequate precision in their evaluations.

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