2015 Kids Count Data Book

The Annie E. Casey Foundation released it’s annual Kids Count Data Book: State Trends in Child Well-Being.

From the website:

The 2015 KIDS COUNT Data Book focuses on America’s children in the midst of the country’s economic recovery. While data show improvements in child health and education, more families are struggling to make ends meet, and a growing number of kids live in high-poverty neighborhoods. In addition to ranking states in several areas of child well-being, the report also examines the influence of parents’ education, health and other life circumstances on their children.

Go to the Kids Count Data Center to look at state data, as well as county, city and congressional district level data.

New York City Census FactFinder

The NYC Planning Department’s American Community Survey update to the NYC Census Factfinder application has been released. It is now possible to get 2009-2013 ACS profiles for Neighborhood Tabulation Areas and user defined census tract aggregations, in addition to demographic profiles from the 2000 and 2010 censuses.

See the full press release.

H/T Data Detectives

NBER Working Papers

Exact P-values for Network Interference
by Susan Athey, Dean Eckles, Guido W. Imbens #21313
Abstract; PDF

Aggregating Elasticities: Intensive and Extensive Margins of Female Labour Supply
by Orazio Attanasio, Peter Levell, Hamish Low, Virginia Sanchez-Marcos #21315
Abstract; PDF

Health Disparities Across Education: The Role of Differential Reporting Error
by John Cawley, Anna Choi #21317
Abstract; PDF

The Elasticity of Substitution Between Time and Market Goods: Evidence from the Great Recession
by Aviv Nevo, Arlene Wong #21318
Abstract; PDF

The Labor Market Effects of Opening the Border: New Evidence from Switzerland
by Andreas Beerli, Giovanni Peri #21319
Abstract; PDF

Governance and the Effectiveness of Public Health Subsidies
by Rebecca Dizon-Ross, Pascaline Dupas, Jonathan Robinson #21324
Abstract; PDF

Does Retirement Improve Health and Life Satisfaction?
by Aspen Gorry, Devon Gorry, Sita Slavov #21326
Abstract; PDF

Healthy(?), Wealthy and Wise: Birth Order and Adult Health
by Sandra E. Black, Paul J. Devereux, Kjell G. Salvanes #21337
Abstract; PDF

Effective Policy for Reducing Inequality? The Earned Income Tax Credit and the Distribution of Income
by Hilary W. Hoynes, Ankur J. Patel #21340
Abstract; PDF

The Long-Term Consequences of Vietnam-Era Conscription and Genotype on Smoking Behavior and Health
by Lauren Schmitz, Dalton Conley #21348
Abstract; PDF

Household Responses to Severe Health Shocks and the Design of Social Insurance
by Itzik Fadlon, Torben Heien Nielsen #21352
Abstract; PDF

Health and Unemployment during Macroeconomic Crises
by Prashant Bharadwaj, Petter Lundborg, Dan-Olof Rooth #21353
Abstract; PDF

Birth Weight in the Long Run
by Prashant Bharadwaj, Petter Lundborg, Dan-Olof Rooth #21354
Abstract; PDF

Fiscal Policies and the Prices of Labor: A Comparison of the U.K. and U.S.
by Casey B. Mulligan #21358
Abstract; PDF

Economic and Social Impacts of the Media
by Stefano DellaVigna, Eliana La Ferrara #21360
Abstract; PDF

Accounting for Adaptation in the Economics of Happiness
by Miles Kimball, Ryan Nunn, Dan Silverman #21365
Abstract; PDF

Apply Yourself: Racial and Ethnic Differences in College Application
by Sandra E. Black, Kalena E. Cortes, Jane Arnold Lincove #21368
Abstract; PDF

The Intergenerational Transmission of War
by Filipe Campante, David Yanagizawa-Drott #21371
Abstract; PDF

How was the Weekend? How the Social Context Underlies Weekend Effects in Happiness and other Emotions for US Workers
by John F. Helliwell, Shun Wang #21374
Abstract; PDF

Does Protecting Older Workers from Discrimination Make It Harder to Get Hired? Evidence from Disability Discrimination Laws
by David Neumark, Joanne Song, Patrick Button #21379
Abstract; PDF

Cleaning Data and Extracting Data from PDFs

Flowing Data points out two useful data resources:

  • Marc Bellemare, an associate professor in the Department of Applied Economics at the University of Minnesota, provides practical tips on cleaning data.
  • Tabula, which is available for both Windows and Mac, has an update which makes it easier to extract data from PDF documents.

More Americans of All Races Say Racism Is A Big Problem

The Pew Research Center released a report examining the results of a new poll, Across Racial Lines, More Say Nation Needs to Make Changes to Achieve Racial Equality.

Over the past year, there has been a substantial rise in the share of Americans — across racial and ethnic groups — who say the country needs to continue making changes to give blacks equal rights with whites, and a growing number of Americans view racism as a big problem in society.

Download the full report (PDF)

See also the Wonkblog write-up.

Using Probability in Criminal Sentencing

FlowingData extracts a statistics lesson on probability from a piece in FiveThirtyEight about risk assessment and criminal sentencing.

Lives of the Working Poor

David Lapp of the blog Family Studies uses the story of Lance, age 24, to illustrate the lives of the working poor: “Lance got married before having kids, and he and his wife both work—yet they still come up short on rent.”

NBER Working Papers

Job Loss in the Great Recession and its Aftermath: U.S. Evidence from the Displaced Workers Survey
by Henry S. Farber #21216
Abstract; PDF

The Great Escape: Intergenerational Mobility Since 1940
by Nathaniel G. Hilger #21217
Abstract; PDF

The Stress Cost of Children
by Hielke Buddelmeyer, Daniel S. Hamermesh, Mark Wooden #21223
Abstract; PDF

Natural Experiments in Macroeconomics
by Nicola Fuchs-Schuendeln, Tarek Alexander Hassan #21228
Abstract; PDF

Early Childhood Education by MOOC: Lessons from Sesame Street
by Melissa S. Kearney, Phillip B. Levine #21229
Abstract; PDF

The Big Sort: College Reputation and Labor Market Outcomes
by W. Bentley MacLeod, Evan Riehl, Juan E. Saavedra, Miguel Urquiola #21230
Abstract; PDF

Admitting Students to Selective Education Programs: Merit, Profiling, and Affirmative Action
by Dario Cestau, Dennis Epple, Holger Sieg #21232
Abstract; PDF

An Overview of the Stratified Economics of Stratified Medicine
by Mark R. Trusheim, Ernst R. Berndt #21233
Abstract; PDF

Mental Health Stigma
by Prashant Bharadwaj, Mallesh M. Pai, Agne Suziedelyte #21240
Abstract; PDF

Innovation and Top Income Inequality
by Philippe Aghion, Ufuk Akcigit, Antonin Bergeaud, Richard Blundell, David Hemous #21247
Abstract; PDF

Estimating the Impacts of Program Benefits: Using Instrumental Variables with Underreported and Imputed Data
by Melvin Stephens, Jr., Takashi Unayama #21248
Abstract; PDF

Linkages and Economic Development
by Dominick Bartelme, Yuriy Gorodnichenko #21251
Abstract; PDF

Declining Desire to Work and Downward Trends in Unemployment and Participation
by Regis Barnichon, Andrew Figura #21252
Abstract; PDF

Charter Schools: A Survey of Research on Their Characteristics and Effectiveness
by Dennis Epple, Richard Romano, Ron Zimmer #21256
Abstract; PDF

Welfare Rules, Incentives, and Family Structure
by Robert A. Moffitt, Brian J. Phelan, Anne E. Winkler #21257
Abstract; PDF

Labor Market Networks and Recovery from Mass Layoffs Before, During, and After the Great Recession
by Judith K. Hellerstein, Mark J. Kutzbach, David Neumark #21262
Abstract; PDF

Watersheds in Infant Mortality: The Role of Effective Water and Sewerage Infrastructure, 1880 to 1915
by Marcella Alsan, Claudia Goldin #21263
Abstract; PDF

Medical Spending of the U.S. Elderly
by Mariacristina De Nardi, Eric French, John Bailey Jones, Jeremy McCauley #21270
Abstract; PDF

How Much Can Expanding Access to Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives Reduce Teen Birth Rates?
by Jason M. Lindo, Analisa Packham #21275
Abstract; PDF

Solving Shortage in a Priceless Market: Insights from Blood Donation
by Tianshu Sun, Susan Feng Lu, Ginger Zhe Jin #21312
Abstract; PDF

Millennial Generation Still Living at Home

Despite an improved economy more young adults live with their parents: “In 2010, 69% of 18- to 34-year-olds lived independently. As of the first four months of this year, only 67% of Millennials were living independently.”

Pew Report here.

The Working Poor in 2013

The Bureau of Labor Economics released a report on the number of “working poor” in the United States from 1986-2013.

The number of “working poor” in the United States was 10.5 million in 2013. The working poor are people who spent at least 27 weeks in the labor force during the year—either working or looking for work—but whose incomes were below the official poverty level. The working-poor rate, or the ratio of the working poor to all those in the labor force for at least 27 weeks, was 7.0 percent in 2013.

See the full report (PDF).