No Ceilings: The Full Participation Project

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the No Ceilings initiative of the Bill, Hillary & Chelsea Clinton Foundation published an interactive website marking the 20th anniversary of the UN Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing.

In 1995, at the UN Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, leaders from governments and civil society around the world came together and committed to ensuring that women and girls have the opportunity to participate fully in all aspects of life.

This year marks the 20th anniversary of that moment. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the No Ceilings initiative of the Bill, Hillary & Chelsea Clinton Foundation have joined forces to gather data and analyze the gains made for women and girls over the last two decades, as well as the gaps that remain.

This site and The Full Participation Report are the result—home to 850,000 data points, spanning more than 20 years, from over 190 countries. Through data visualizations and stories, we aim to present the gains and gaps in understandable, sharable ways—including by making the data open and easily available.

The full report and data are also available.

ACS Median Earnings by Detailed Occupation

The U.S. Census Bureau released 2013 Earnings by Sex and Detailed Occupation tables from the American Community Survey. Other tables include Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin by Occupation: 2012 and Median Earnings of College Graduates by Field of Bachelor’s Degree and Occupation: 2012.

All table packages are here.

H/T Data Detectives

Foreign-Born Share of U.S. Population Expected to Reach Historic High by 2060

The Pew Research Center FactTank examines the new Census Bureau population projections and finds “the nation’s foreign-born population is projected to reach 78 million by 2060, making up 18.8% of the total U.S. population…with the bureau projecting that the previous record high of 14.8% in 1890 will be passed as soon as 2025.”

Pew Research Center article
2014 National Population Projections: Summary Tables

Big Government and Big Data

Ben Casselman of FiveThirtyEight examines the legal, bureaucratic and practical impediments the U.S. government faces in collecting and disseminating data about U.S. citizens.

When the government wants to know how many people are unemployed, it calls people and asks them whether they’re working. When it wants to know how quickly prices are rising, it sends researchers to stores to check price tags. And when it wants to know how much consumers are spending, it mails forms to thousands of retailers asking about their sales.

“Big data” may have revolutionized industries from advertising to transportation, but many of our most vital economic statistics are still based on methods that are decidedly, well, small.

Read the full article

SNAP Receipt for Households, 2000-2013

The U.S. Census Bureau released a new American Community Survey Brief, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Receipt for Households: 2000-2013.

Introduction:

This report presents data on Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) receipt at the national and state levels based on the annual American Community Survey (ACS) from 2000 to 2013.1 In addition, this report discusses the current SNAP receipt rates for metropolitan statistical areas with large populations. The ACS question about SNAP identifies households in which one or more current members received SNAP during the past 12 months. Data reflect households, not individuals. If any person living at the sample address at the time of the interview received SNAP in the past 12 months, then the household is included in the estimate of SNAP participation.

H/T: Data Detectives

Race Disparity in Milwaukee

An article in NPR’s Code Switch examines racial disparities in Milwaukee, Wisconsin:

While many Rust Belt cities — Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, etc. — have similar histories of African-American struggles, Milwaukee has some of the same problems but not the same profile, mainly because it isn’t well known for its large black population at all. But blacks make up 40 percent of the city and, for many who grew up there (like me), none of this data is surprising. Milwaukee is a vibrant city known for its breweries and ethnic festivals and can be a great place to live — unless you’re black. Statistically, it is one of the worst places in the country for African-Americans to reside. Here’s a breakdown of how — and why — being black in Brew City carries a heavy burden.

Read the full article.

NBER Working Papers

Estimating the Production Function for Human Capital: Results from a Randomized Control Trial in Colombia
by Orazio Attanasio, Sarah Cattan, Emla Fitzsimons, Costas Meghir, Marta Rubio-Codina #20965
Abstract; PDF

The Wealth of Wealthholders
by John Ameriks, Andrew Caplin, Minjoon Lee, Matthew D. Shapiro, Christopher Tonetti #20972
Abstract; PDF

Long-Term Care Utility and Late in Life Saving
by John Ameriks, Joseph S. Briggs, Andrew Caplin, Matthew D. Shapiro, Christopher Tonetti #20973
Abstract; PDF

Prescription Drug Use under Medicare Part D: A Linear Model of Nonlinear Budget Sets
by Jason Abaluck, Jonathan Gruber, Ashley Swanson #20976
Abstract; PDF

Old and Young Politicians
by Alberto F. Alesina, Ugo Troiano, Traviss Cassidy #20977
Abstract; PDF

Natural Experiment Policy Evaluation: A Critique
by Christopher A. Hennessy, Ilya A. Strebulaev #20978
Abstract; PDF

Regulating Innovation with Uncertain Quality: Information, Risk, and Access in Medical Devices
by Matthew Grennan, Robert Town #20981
Abstract; PDF

Estimating Individual Ambiguity Aversion: A Simple Approach
by Uri Gneezy, Alex Imas, John List #20982
Abstract; PDF

Teachers’ Pay for Performance in the Long-Run: Effects on Students’ Educational and Labor Market Outcomes in Adulthood
by Victor Lavy #20983
Abstract; PDF

Asymmetric Information and Remittances: Evidence from Matched Administrative Data
by Thomas Joseph, Yaw Nyarko, Shing-Yi Wang #20986
Abstract; PDF

Culture, Ethnicity and Diversity
by Klaus Desmet, Ignacio Ortunyo-Ortin, Romain Wacziarg #20989
Abstract; PDF

Capitalization of Charter Schools into Residential Property Values
by Scott A. Imberman, Michael Naretta, Margaret O’Rourke #20990
Abstract; PDF

Testing for Changes in the SES-Mortality Gradient When the Distribution of Education Changes Too
by Thomas Goldring, Fabian Lange, Seth Richards-Shubik #20993
Abstract; PDF

College Access, Initial College Choice and Degree Completion
by Joshua Goodman, Michael Hurwitz, Jonathan Smith #20996
Abstract; PDF

Urban Models and Urban Center

Peter Gordon examines the way central business districts and sub-centers are defined by economists:

Following Milton Friedman’s suggestion that economic models be judged not by the plausibility of their assumptions, but by their ability to predict, Queen Elizabeth asked some of LSE’s finest why they did not see the Great Recession coming. Ouch!

U.S. Population Projections

A new U.S. Census Bureau Report analyzing U.S. population projections: Projections of the Size and Composition of the U.S. Population: 2014-2060.

From the introduction:

Between 2014 and 2060, the U.S. population is projected to increase from 319 million to 417 million, reaching 400 million in 2051. The U.S. population is projected to grow more slowly in future decades than in the recent past, as these projections assume that fertility rates will continue to decline and that there will be a modest decline in the overall rate of net international migration. By 2030, one in five Americans is projected to be 65 and over; by 2044, more than half of all Americans are projected to belong to a minority group (any group other than non-Hispanic White alone); and by 2060, nearly one in five of the nation’s total population is projected to be foreign born.

H/T: Data Detectives

NBER Working Papers

The National Rise in Residential Segregation
by Trevon Logan, John Parman #20934
Abstract; PDF

Collective Action: Experimental Evidence
by Maria Victoria Anauati, Sebastian Galiani, Gustavo Torrens, Brian Feld #20936
Abstract; PDF

Racial Disparities in Savings Behavior for a Continuously Employed Cohort
by Kai Yuan Kuan, Mark R. Cullen, Sepideh Modrek #20937
Abstract; PDF

Age, Cohort and Co-Authorship
by Daniel S. Hamermesh #20938
Abstract; PDF

Measuring Job-Finding Rates and Matching Efficiency with Heterogeneous Jobseekers
by Robert E. Hall, Sam Schulhofer-Wohl #20939
Abstract; PDF

The Impact of Intergroup Contact on Racial Attitudes and Revealed Preferences
by Scott E. Carrell, Mark Hoekstra, James E. West #20940
Abstract; PDF

Money Earlier or Later? Simple Heuristics Explain Intertemporal Choices Better than Delay Discounting
by Keith M. Ericson, John Myles White, David Laibson, Jonathan D. Cohen #20948
Abstract; PDF

Decision-Making Approaches and the Propensity to Default: Evidence and Implications
by Jeffrey R. Brown, Anne M. Farrell, Scott J. Weisbenner #20949
Abstract; PDF

Lifecycle Effects of a Recession on Health Behaviors: Boom, Bust, and Recovery in Iceland
by Tinna Laufey Asgeirsdottir, Hope Corman, Kelly Noonan, Nancy Reichman #20950
Abstract; PDF

Who Is Coming to the Artefactual Field Experiment? Participation Bias among Chinese Rural Migrants
by Paul Frijters, Tao Sherry Kong, Elaine M. Liu #20953
Abstract; PDF

The Great Recession, Retirement and Related Outcomes
by Alan L. Gustman, Thomas L. Steinmeier, Nahid Tabatabai #20960
Abstract; PDF

Analyzing the Labor Market Outcomes of Occupational Licensing
by Maury Gittleman, Mark A. Klee, Morris M. Kleiner #20961
Abstract; PDF

Affirmative Action and the Quality-Fit Tradeoff
by Peter Arcidiacono, Michael Lovenheim #20962
Abstract; PDF

Systemic Risk and the Macroeconomy: An Empirical Evaluation
by Stefano Giglio, Bryan T. Kelly, Seth Pruitt #20963
Abstract; PDF