Robert Putnam On Growing Up Poor

An article in Wonkblog explores Robert Putnam’s new book Our Kids: The American Dream in Crisis and the influence he has had on politicians as diverse as President Obama and congressman Paul Ryan.

From the article:

For the past three years, Putnam has been nursing an outlandish ambition. He wants inequality of opportunity for kids to be the central issue in the 2016 presidential election. Not how big government should be or what the “fair share” is for the wealthy, but what’s happening to children boxed out of the American dream.

His manifesto, “ Our Kids: The American Dream in Crisis” will be published Tuesday. It places brain science, sociology and census data alongside stories of children growing up on both sides of the divide. Many of the findings draw on the work of other researchers who have long studied families, education or neuroscience. But Putnam has gathered up these strands under a single thesis: that instead of talking about inequality of wealth or income among adults, we ought to focus on inequalities in all of the ways children accumulate — or never touch — opportunity.

NBER Working Papers

Wage Inequality and Firm Growth
by Holger M. Mueller, Paige P. Ouimet, Elena Simintzi #20876
Abstract; PDF

Do Natural Field Experiments Afford Researchers More or Less Control than Laboratory Experiments? A Simple Model
by Omar Al-Ubaydli, John A. List #20877
Abstract; PDF

The Impact of Unemployment Benefit Extensions on Employment: The 2014 Employment Miracle?
by Marcus Hagedorn, Iourii Manovskii, Kurt Mitman #20884
Abstract; PDF

What Do Longitudinal Data on Millions of Hospital Visits Tell us About The Value of Public Health Insurance as a Safety Net for the Young and Privately Insured?
by Amanda E. Kowalski #20887
Abstract; PDF

Can Online Learning Bend the Higher Education Cost Curve?
by David J. Deming, Claudia Goldin, Lawrence F. Katz, Noam Yuchtman #20890
Abstract; PDF

Informal Employment in a Growing and Globalizing Low-income Country
by Brian McCaig, Nina Pavcnik #20891
Abstract; PDF

Can Changing Economic Factors Explain the Rise in Obesity?
by Charles J. Courtemanche, Joshua C. Pinkston, Christopher J. Ruhm, George Wehby #20892
Abstract; PDF

Understanding Heterogeneity in the Effects of Birth Weight on Adult Cognition and Wages
by C. Justin Cook, Jason M. Fletcher #20895
Abstract; PDF

On the Origins of Dishonesty: From Parents to Children
by Daniel Houser, John A. List, Marco Piovesan, Anya Savikhin Samek, Joachim Winter #20897
Abstract; PDF

Synthesizing Econometric Evidence: The Case of Demand Elasticity Estimates
by Philip DeCicca, Donald S. Kenkel #20906
Abstract; PDF

Does Competition Eliminate Discrimination? Evidence from the Commercial Sex Market in Singapore
by Huailu Li, Kevin Lang, Kaiwen Leong #20911
Abstract; PDF

What Do Data on Millions of U.S. Workers Reveal about Life-Cycle Earnings Risk?
by Fatih Guvenen, Fatih Karahan, Serdar Ozkan, Jae Song #20913
Abstract; PDF

Disability Insurance Incentives and the Retirement Decision: Evidence from the U.S.
by Courtney Coile #20916
Abstract; PDF

Motivation and Incentives in Education: Evidence from a Summer Reading Experiment
by Jonathan Guryan, James S. Kim, Kyung Park #20918
Abstract; PDF

Age and the Trying Out of New Ideas
by Mikko Packalen, Jay Bhattacharya #20920
Abstract; PDF

Cities and Ideas
by Mikko Packalen, Jay Bhattacharya #20921 (DAE HC HE PR)
Abstract; PDF

Patient Responses to Incentives in Consumer-directed Health Plans: Evidence from Pharmaceuticals
by Peter J. Huckfeldt, Amelia Haviland, Ateev Mehrotra, Zachary Wagner, Neeraj Sood #20927
Abstract; PDF

Behavioral Economics and Public Policy: A Pragmatic Perspective
by Raj Chetty #20928
Abstract; PDF

Childhood Medicaid Coverage and Later Life Health Care Utilization
by Laura R. Wherry, Sarah Miller, Robert Kaestner, Bruce D. Meyer #20929
Abstract; PDF

Veterans’ Labor Force Participation: What Role Does the VA’s Disability Compensation Program Play?
by Courtney Coile, Mark Duggan, Audrey Guo #20932
Abstract; PDF

Population Trends in U.S. Cities

A new U.S. Census Current Population Report (PDF) examines the ways populations in U.S. cities changed between 2010 and 2013.

From the introduction:

Nearly two-thirds of Americans live in incorporated places, commonly referred to as cities. As the majority of the nation’s population lives in cities, patterns of population change among cities and the social and economic conditions affecting them often represent national trends. Using data from the 2000 and 2010 censuses and 2013 population estimates, this report examines the population in cities and highlights how city populations changed between 2000 and 2010, and between 2010 and 2013. The report discusses the distribution of the population in cities by region, state, and city population size. It also highlights the fastest growing cities, city population densities, annexation, and new incorporations between 2010 and 2013.

The New York State Data Center Affiliates wrote this report up in a March 4 post for their Data Detectives blog.

Time Use of the Nonemployed

Josh Katz of the NYTimes blog The Upshot pulled data from the American Time Use Survey to examine how nonemployed men and women spend their weekdays:

Nonworkers spend much more time doing housework. Men without jobs, in particular, spend more time watching television, while women without jobs spend more time taking care of others. And the nonemployed of both sexes spend more time sleeping than their employed counterparts.

Read the whole article, including interactive charts and graphs.

Trends in Religious Restrictions and Hostilities

The Pew Research Center has released a new report (PDF) analyzing governmental and societal impingement on religious beliefs and practices.

This article looks at the overall trends. And this article examines the restrictions and hostilities in the most populous countries.

The Economics of Unplanned Pregnancies

Christopher Ingraham of Wonkblog examines a new report from the Guttmacher Institute showing that unintended pregnancies cost the U.S. $21 billion each year:

Nationally there were 1.5 million unplanned births in 2010. Public insurance programs like Medicaid paid for 68 percent of those births. “On average, a publicly funded birth cost $12,770 in prenatal care, labor and delivery, postpartum care and the first 12 months of infant care; care for months 13–60 cost, on average, another $7,947, for a total cost per birth of $20,716,” the study found.

Guttmacher Institute report, Public Costs from Unintended Pregnancies and the Role of Public Insurance Programs in Paying for Pregnancy-Related Care: National and State Estimates for 2010 (PDF)

PAA President Ruggles wants you to write a letter

The is an excellent summary of the consequences of the demise of the 3-year ACS tabular products. Please follow through and contact the relevant government officials:

ACS 3-Year Summary Products: Please take action to save the ACS 3-year data products
Steve Ruggles | PAA President and Director of the Minnesota Population Center
March 4, 2015

Education and Health

The Connector, the NIH OBSSR’s blog, has a couple of posts examining the links between education and health. The first one, Contextualizing the link between education and health, discusses the results of a partnership between the NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research and Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies which resulted in two workshops and a special issue of Social Science and Medicine, “Educational Attainment and Adult Health: Contextualizing Causality“.

In the second post, Compulsory schooling and health: What the evidence says, Lauren Fordyce looks at the impact of compulsory education on health outcomes.

Another take on gentrification

Gentrification in America Report
Mike Maciag | Governing
February 2015
This resource is city-specific and provides both counts and maps of gentrified census tracts for the 50 largest cities. To be eligible for gentrification a census tract’s median household income and median home value were both in the bottom 40th percentile of all tracts within a metro area at the beginning of the decade. The gentrified tracts recorded increases in the top third percentile for both measures when compared to all others in a metro area.

Methodology

And more broadly, this resource has a special issue on gentrification:

The G-Word: A Special Series on Gentrification
The titles in this series are:
Do Cities Need Kids?
The Neighborhood Has Gentrified, But Where’s the Grocery Store?
Just Green Enough
Gentrification’s Not So Black and White After All
The Downsides of a Neighborhood ‘Turnaround
Some Cities Are Spurring the End of Sprawl
Keeping Cities from Becoming “Child-Free Zones”
From Vacant to Vibrant: Cincinnati’s Urban Transformation
Can Cities Change the Face of Biking?

Geography of Class, Education, and Income in the United States

ArcGIS has three interactive maps showing “the current occupational class, income and educational landscape across the United States. These maps allow the user to explore the various socio-economic divides that exist in our cities and towns at the census tract level.”