Bound, John, and Laura Dresser. "The Erosion of the Relative Earnings and Employment of Young African American Women during the 1980s." PSC Research Report No. 96-367. June 1996.
This report documents the declining position of young African American women in the U.S. labor market over the past two decades. The wages of young African American women fell relative to those of young white women by almost 10 percent over this period of time, and among college graduates the decline was even steeper. Evidence of the growing importance of education in determining earnings suggests that the gap in educational attainment between African American and white women explains some of the widening gap in earnings. Declines in the sectors of the economy in which African American women were concentrated--manufacturing for high school graduates and the public sector for college graduates--also appear to have contributed to the growing earnings gap.