Van Phai, Nguyen, John E. Knodel, Mai Van Cam, and Hoang Xuyen. 1996. "Fertility and Family Planning in Vietnam: Evidence from the 1994 Inter-censal Demographic Survey." Studies in Family Planning, 27(1): 1-17.
Results from the 1994 Vietnam Inter-censal Demographic Survey reveal susbstantial change over recent years in reproductive behavior and attitudes. Fertility has continued to decline to a level not far above a total fertility rate of three children per woman. Compared with the late 1980s, contraceptive knowledge has broadened and contraceptive prevalence has increased, reaching a level of 65 percent of currently married women of reproductive age. The dominance of the IUD among modern methods has been reduced somewhat. Stated family-size preferences have shifted noticeably downward. Recently married women indicate that they want only 2.3 children, on average, suggesting that fertility will continue to fall in coming years. These findings suggest that Vietnam is in the midst of a transition that will lead to low levels of fertility in the near future.