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Siefert, Kristine A., Philip J. Bowman, Colleen M. Heflin, Sheldon H. Danziger, and David R. Williams. 2000. "Social and Environmental Predictors of Maternal Depression in Current and Recent Welfare Recipients." American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 70(4): 510-522.
Depression is highly prevalent in welfare recipients, and is associated with failure to move from welfare to work. This paper examines the relationship between social and environmental factors in a large, community-based sample of mothers who currently or recently received welfare benefits. Specific and modifiable risk factors related to poverty, gender, and race were found to predict major depression beyond traditional risk factors. Research and practice implications are discussed.