Geronimus, Arline T. 2000. "To Mitigate, Resist or Undo: Addressing Structural Influences on the Health of Urban Populations." American Journal of Public Health, 90(6): 867-872.
Young to middle-aged residents of improverished urban areas suffer extraordinary rates of excess mortality, to which deaths from chronic disease contribute heavily. Understanding of urban health disadvantages and attempts to reverse them will be incomplete if the structural factors that produced modern minority ghettos in central cities are not taken into account.