Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Frey's Scenario F simulation mentioned in account of the Democratic Party's tribulations

U-M Poverty Solutions funds nine projects

Dynarski says NY's Excelsior Scholarship Program could crowd out low-income and minority students

More News


Workshops on EndNote, NIH reporting, and publication altmetrics, Jan 26 through Feb 7, ISR

2017 PAA Annual Meeting, April 27-29, Chicago

NIH funding opportunity: Etiology of Health Disparities and Health Advantages among Immigrant Populations (R01 and R21), open Jan 2017

Russell Sage 2017 Summer Institute in Computational Social Science, June 18-July 1. Application deadline Feb 17.

More Highlights

Next Brown Bag

Mon, Jan 23, 2017 at noon:
Decline of cash assistance and child well-being, Luke Shaefer

Income Inequality, the Psychosocial Environment and Health: Comparisons of Wealthy Nations

Publication Abstract

Lynch, John W., G. Davey Smith, Marianne M. Hillemeier, M. Shaw, Trivellore Raghunathan, and George A. Kaplan. 2001. "Income Inequality, the Psychosocial Environment and Health: Comparisons of Wealthy Nations." Lancet, 358: 194-200.

Cognizant of the dangers of overinterpretation, what can we reasonably conclude from these patterns of findings? It seems there is a fairly strong and consistent pattern of associations between income inequality and child health outcomes. Higher income inequality was associated with higher infant mortality, low birthweight, and mortality in people aged 1-14 years in both sexes. For a country of such vast wealth, the USA has very high income inequality and poor child health. Associations with infant and early-- life mortality largely disappeared when the USA was excluded from analyses (data not shown), but an association with low birthweight remained due to high levels of both income inequality and low birthweight in the UK. Associations with mortality above age 65 were the opposite of that predicted by the theory that higher income inequality is automatically bad for health. These negative associations were largely driven by the fact that higher inequality countries like the USA and France have relatively low mortality above age 65, especially for CHD, compared with countries like Finland, Denmark, Luxembourg, and Germany. The age-specific pattern of associations between income inequality and mortality may be consistent with time lags. It is widely recognised that income inequality within many of these countries generally narrowed after the second world war, but increased markedly after the 1970s, and so it is possible that the current associations reported with child health outcomes could be reflected in differences in adult health in the future, as populations exposed to this period of increasing inequality age. Long-term data on changes in inequality and health are needed to explore this hypothesis.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next