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Geronimus says black-white differences in mortality "help silence black voices in the electorate"

Do universities need more conservative thinkers?

Starr critical of risk assessment scores for sentencing

Highlights

Frey's new report explores how the changing US electorate could shape the next 5 presidential elections, 2016 to 2032

U-M's Data Science Initiative offers expanded consulting services via CSCAR

Elizabeth Bruch promoted to Associate Professor

Susan Murphy elected to the National Academy of Sciences

Next Brown Bag

PSC Brown Bags
will resume fall 2016

Robert F. Schoeni photo

Persistent, Consistent, Widespread and Robust? Another Look at Trends in Old-Age Disability.

Publication Abstract

Schoeni, Robert F., Viki Freedman, and Robert Wallace. 2001. "Persistent, Consistent, Widespread and Robust? Another Look at Trends in Old-Age Disability." Journals of Gerontology B: Psychological and Social Sciences, 56(4): S206-S218.

Objective. The purpose of this study was to provide new evidence on disability trends among elderly persons from 1982 to 1996. Methods. The sample includes 125,949 participants aged 70 and older in the 1982-1996 National Health Interview Surveys. Logistic analysis was used to estimate the trend in disability prevalence after controlling for various sociodemographic factors. Results. We found that: (a) the prevalence of disability has declined, but the gains did not persist throughout the entire period or accelerate over time: (b) only routine care disability has declined. whereas more severe personal care disability shows no improvements; (c) estimates are robust to the exclusion of the nursing home population but may be sensitive to growth in the assisted living population: (d) estimates of decline in disability prevalence are fairly consistent across five national surveys: (e) gains have been concentrated among the most educated elderly persons: and (F) gains in education appear to be an important confounder of the improvements. Discussion. Evidence from several surveys using various measures indicate that disability has declined among elderly persons. Determining the causes of the improvements should be a high priority in future research efforts.

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