Anderson, Barbara A. 2002. "Russia Faces Depopulation? Dynamics of Population Decline." Population and Environment, 23(5): 437-464.
Between 1992 and 1993 Russia's population declined, as it has in every succeeding year. This has been viewed as a population disaster, related to high adult male mortality and deterioration of the health care system. Some see a substantially depopulated Russia in the future. However, the prospect of long-term population decline is completely due to recent declines in fertility. High adult male mortality, although a cause of great concern, does not contribute to the chance of long-term population decline. Projections of the future population of Russia depend upon the exact fertility assumptions used. Based on the example of fertility in the U.S. in the Great Depression and the Baby Boom following World War II, the future depopulation of Russia is far from certain.