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Smith, A.E., L. Jussim, and Jacquelynne S. Eccles. 1999. "Do self-fulfilling prophecies accumulate, dissipate, or remain stable over time?" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 548-565.
The authors examined whether self-fulfilling prophecies accumulate, dissipate, or remain stable over time by using data from more than 500 6th- through 12th-grade students in public school math classes. The authors used multiple regression analyses to assess the extent to which teacher perceptions predicted students' final math marks and standardized math-test scores from 6th through 12th grade. Control variables included 5 measures of student motivation and 2 measures of previous achievement. The results were consistent with both the dissipation and stability hypotheses. Implications for understanding the extent to which social perception creates social reality and the role of expectations in social problems are discussed.