McDonough, P., David R. Williams, James S. House, and G.J. Duncan. 1999. "Gender and the Socioeconomic Gradient in Mortality." Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 40 (1), 17-31.
Despite considerable evidence documenting a strong and persistent relationship between socioeconomic position and mortality, recent research suggests that this association may be weaker among women. In our examination of gender differences in the socioeconomic gradient in mortality, we argue that this inconsistency arises from the failure to consider the ways in which gender is a fundamental constituent of socioeconomic position.