Langa, Kenneth M., Sandeep Vijan, Rodney A. Hayward, Michael Chernew, Caroline S. Blaum, Mohammed U. Kabeto, David Weir, and Steven J. Katz. 2002. "Informal Caregiving for Diabetes and Diabetic Complications Among Elderly Americans." Journals of Gerontology Series B-Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 57(3): S177-S186.
Those without DM received an average of 6.1 hr per week of informal care, those with DM taking no medications received 10.5 hr., those with DM taking oral medications received 10.1 hr, and those with DM taking insulin received 14.4 hr of care (p < .01). Disabilities related to heart disease, stroke, and visual impairment were important predictors of diabetes-related informal care.