Krause, Neal. 2002. "Church-Based Social Support and Health in Old Age: Exploring Variations by Race." Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 57(6): S332-S347.
As Krause discusses, a conceptual model is evaluated that explores the relationship between church-based support and health. In the process, an effort is made to see if the relationships in this model differ from older White and African American people. Results show that empirical support was provided for the following theoretical linkages: Older people who attend church often feel their congregations are more cohesive; older people in highly cohesive congregations receive more spiritual and emotional support from their fellow parishioners; older respondents who receive more church-based support have a more personal relationship with God; older people who feel more closely connected with God are more optimistic; and older people who are more optimistic enjoy better health.