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Moaddel, Mansoor, and Kamran Talattof. 2000. Contemporary Debates in Islam: An Anthology of Modernist and Fundamentalist Thought. New York: Saint Martin's Press.
During the second half of the nineteenth century, a group of prominent Muslim theologians began to critically examine classical conceptions and methods of jurisprudence and devised a new approach to Islamic theology. This new approach was nothing short of an outright rebellion against Islamic orthodoxy, displaying an astonishing compatibility with nineteenth century Enlightenment-era thought. This volume looks at these two very different approaches to Islam. The writers discuss their own views with regard to such issues as philosophical and political perceptions of democracy, the state, the history of Islam, women’s rights, personal lifestyle, education, and the West.