Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Shaefer says drop child tax credit in favor of universal, direct investment in American children

Buchmueller breaks down partisan views on Obamacare

ISR's Conrad says mobile phone polling faces non-response bias

More News


Gonzalez, Alter, and Dinov win NSF "Big Data Spokes" award for neuroscience network

Post-doc Melanie Wasserman wins dissertation award from Upjohn Institute

ISR kicks off DE&I initiative with lunchtime presentation: Oct 13, noon, 1430 ISR Thompson

U-M ranked #4 in USN&WR's top public universities

More Highlights

Next Brown Bag

Mon, Oct 24 at noon:
Academic innovation & the global public research university, James Hilton

The Health of Poor Women Under Welfare Reform

Publication Abstract

Kaplan, George A., K. Siefert, N. Ranjit, T.E. Ragunathan, E.A. Young, D. Tran, S. Danziger, S. Hudson, John W. Lynch, and R. Tolman. 2005. "The Health of Poor Women Under Welfare Reform." American Journal of Public Health, 95(7): 1252-1258.

Objectives. We compared the health of single mothers affected by welfare reform with the health of a nationally representative sample of women to document the prevalence of poor health as single mothers experience the effects of welfare reform. Methods. We compared risk factors and measures of health among women randomly sampled from the welfare rolls with similar data from a nationaily representative sample of women.

Results. Women in our welfare recipient sample had higher rates of elevated glycosylated hemoglobin (>= 6%; prevalence ratio [PR] =4.87; 95% confidence interval [Cl]=2.69, 7.04), hypertension (systole >= 140 or diastole >= 90; PR=2.36; 95% Cl = 1.47, 3.24), high body mass index (>= 30; PR = 1.78; 95% Cl = 1.49, 2.08), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (<= 35 mg/dL; PR=1.91; 95% Cl=1.17, 2.65); lower peak expiratory flow; and less physical functioning. Current smoking rates were higher (PR = 1.85; 95% Cl = 1.50, 2.19) and smoking cessation rates were lower (PR =0.62; 95% Cl = 0.37, 0.86) than in the national sample.

Conclusions. Current and former welfare recipients bear a substantial burden of illness. Further studies are necessary to interpret our findings of worsened health in the wake of welfare reform.

DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2004.037804 (Full Text)

PMCID: PMC1449348. (Pub Med Central)

Country of focus: United States of America.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next