Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Prescott says sex offender registries may increase recidivism by making offender re-assimilation impossible

Frey says rising numbers of younger minority voters mean Republicans must focus on fiscal not social issues

Work by Garces and Mickey-Pabello cited in NYT piece on lack of black physicians

Highlights

Elizabeth Bruch wins Robert Merton Prize for paper in analytic sociology

Elizabeth Bruch wins ASA award for paper in mathematical sociology

Spring 2015 PSC newletter available now

Formal demography workshop and conference at UC Berkeley, August 17-21

Next Brown Bag

PSC Brown Bags will be back fall 2015


The Health of Poor Women Under Welfare Reform

Publication Abstract

Kaplan, George A., K. Siefert, N. Ranjit, T.E. Ragunathan, E.A. Young, D. Tran, S. Danziger, S. Hudson, John W. Lynch, and R. Tolman. 2005. "The Health of Poor Women Under Welfare Reform." American Journal of Public Health, 95(7): 1252-1258.

Objectives. We compared the health of single mothers affected by welfare reform with the health of a nationally representative sample of women to document the prevalence of poor health as single mothers experience the effects of welfare reform. Methods. We compared risk factors and measures of health among women randomly sampled from the welfare rolls with similar data from a nationaily representative sample of women.

Results. Women in our welfare recipient sample had higher rates of elevated glycosylated hemoglobin (>= 6%; prevalence ratio [PR] =4.87; 95% confidence interval [Cl]=2.69, 7.04), hypertension (systole >= 140 or diastole >= 90; PR=2.36; 95% Cl = 1.47, 3.24), high body mass index (>= 30; PR = 1.78; 95% Cl = 1.49, 2.08), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (<= 35 mg/dL; PR=1.91; 95% Cl=1.17, 2.65); lower peak expiratory flow; and less physical functioning. Current smoking rates were higher (PR = 1.85; 95% Cl = 1.50, 2.19) and smoking cessation rates were lower (PR =0.62; 95% Cl = 0.37, 0.86) than in the national sample.

Conclusions. Current and former welfare recipients bear a substantial burden of illness. Further studies are necessary to interpret our findings of worsened health in the wake of welfare reform.

DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2004.037804 (Full Text)

PMCID: PMC1449348. (Pub Med Central)

Country of focus: United States of America.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next