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Thompson says America must "unchoose" policies that have led to mass incarceration

Axinn says new data on campus rape will "allow students to see for themselves the full extent of this problem"

Frey says white population is growing in Detroit and other large cities


Susan Murphy to speak at U-M kickoff for data science initiative, Oct 6, Rackham

Andrew Goodman-Bacon, former trainee, wins 2015 Nevins Prize for best dissertation in economic history

Deirdre Bloome wins ASA award for work on racial inequality and intergenerational transmission

Bob Willis awarded 2015 Jacob Mincer Award for Lifetime Contributions to the Field of Labor Economics

Next Brown Bag

Monday, Oct 5 at noon, 6050 ISR
Colter Mitchell: Biological consequences of poverty

The accuracy of teens' expectations of future smoking

Archived Abstract of Former PSC Researcher

Schoenbaum, Michael. 2005. "The accuracy of teens' expectations of future smoking." American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 28(3): 274-280.

Background: Whether current and potential smokers recognize the full scope of smoking-related risks remains in dispute. This paper provides new evidence for one key group, teenagers, by assessing whether teens accurately assess the chances that they will be smoking in the future. Among current smokers, this is one measure of whether they understand the addictiveness of smoking. Among current nonsmokers, this provides evidence regarding the social environment in which teens decide whether to smoke. Methods: A nationally representative sample of teens was asked to assess the chances that they would be smoking I year later. Mean expectations of future smoking were compared with the actual probabilities of smoking initiation or continuation over I year from comparable epiderniologic data.

Results: Among current smokers, the mean expectation of continued smoking in I year was significantly lower than the observed continuation rate (p < 0.01). Among nonsmoking teens, the mean expectation of smoking initiation was significantly lower than the observed rate of initiation (P < 0.02). Both types of underestimations were substantively large and consistent across the teenage years.

Conclusions: Currently-smoking teens underestimate the chances that they will continue smoking which is one measure of whether they understand the addictiveness of cigarettes-while currently-nonsmoking teens underestimate the chance that they will start to smoke, a measure of the social appeal of cigarettes. Tobacco control strategies should account for these misperceptions.

DOI:10.1016/j.amepre.2004.12.001 (Full Text)

Country of focus: United States of America.

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