Marteleto, Leticia. 2005. "Family Size, Demographic Change, and Educational Attainment: The Case of Brazil." PSC Research Report No. 05-584. November 2005.
Brazilian families have changed dramatically over the past decades, particularly in regard to family size. For example, among 14 year olds, the 1963 cohort had 5.4 siblings on average, while the 1983 cohort had 2.3 siblings. This paper investigates the effects of family size on schooling of cohorts of children born pre- and post- demographic transition. Analyses of nationally representative data show that children benefit from small family sizes in both cohorts. Fertility decline has benefited education through changes in children’s distribution across family sizes, not from a decrease in the negative association between family size and schooling.
Country of focus: Brazil.