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Gutmann, Myron, G.D. Deane, N. Lauster, and A. Peri. 2005. "Two population-environment regimes in the Great Plains of the United States, 1930-1990." Population and Environment, 27(2): 191-225.
This paper analyzes factors that affect net migration rates in counties in the U.S. Great Plains between 1930 and 1990, emphasizing the roles of weather (especially drought), environmental amenities, employment, and population, making use of a rich county-level data set. Using a pooled time series model the paper shows that environment is important in population processes, with weather and agricultural change more important in the 1930s and 1940s, and environmental amenities more important in later time periods. The paper provides important insights into how environmental impacts on migration might change over time, and how those changes might be measured.
Country of focus: United States.