Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Lam looks at population and development in next 15 years in UN commission keynote address

Mitchell et al. find harsh family environments may magnify disadvantage via impact on 'genetic architecture'

Frey says Arizona's political paradoxes explained in part by demography

Highlights

2014 PAA Annual Meeting, May 1-3, Boston

PSC newsletter spring 2014 issue now available

Raghunathan appointed director of Survey Research Center

Kusunoki wins faculty seed grant award from Institute for Research on Women and Gender

Next Brown Bag


PSC Brown Bags will return in the fall

Maternal Upward Socioeconomic Mobility and Black-White Disparities in Infant Birthweight

Publication Abstract

Colen, Cynthia, Arline T. Geronimus, John Bound, and Sherman James. 2006. "Maternal Upward Socioeconomic Mobility and Black-White Disparities in Infant Birthweight." American Journal of Public Health, 96(11): 2032-2039.

We estimate the extent to which upward socioeconomic mobility limits the probability that Black and White women who spent their childhoods in or near poverty will give birth to a low-birthweight baby. We used data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and the 1970 US Census to complete a series of logistic regression models. We restricted multivariate analyses to female survey respondents who, at 14 years of age, were living in households in which the income-to-needs ratio did not exceed 200% of poverty.

For White women, the probability of giving birth to a low-birthweight baby decreases by 48% for every 1 unit increase in the natural logarithm of adult family income, once the effects of all other covariates are taken into account. For Black women, the relation between adult family income and the probability of low birthweight is also negative; however, this association fails to reach statistical significance. We conclude that upward socioeconomic mobility contributes to improved birth outcomes among infants born to White women who were poor as children, but the same does not hold true for their Black counterparts.

DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2005.076547 (Full Text)

PMCID: PMC1751798. (Pub Med Central)

Public Access Link

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next