Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Thompson says criminal justice policies led to creation of prison gangs like Aryan Brotherhood

Schmitz finds job loss before retirement age contributes to weight gain, especially in men

Kimball says Fed should get comfortable with "backtracking"

Highlights

Overview of Michigan's advanced research computing resources, Monday, June 27, 9-10:30 am, BSRB - Kahn Auditorium

U-M's Data Science Initiative offers expanded consulting services via CSCAR

Elizabeth Bruch promoted to Associate Professor

Susan Murphy elected to the National Academy of Sciences

Next Brown Bag

PSC Brown Bags
will resume fall 2016

Arline T. Geronimus photo

Black -White Differences in Age Trajectories of Hypertension Prevalence among Adult Women and Men, 1999-2002

Publication Abstract

Geronimus, Arline T., Danya Keene, Margaret Hicken, and John Bound. 2007. "Black -White Differences in Age Trajectories of Hypertension Prevalence among Adult Women and Men, 1999-2002." Ethnicity and Disease, 17(1): 40-48.

Using multiple logistics regression, we predicted the probability of being hypertensive for participants ages 15–65 years in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) IV, 1999–2002. We estimated age-specific Black-to-White odds ratios of hypertension overall, by sex, and adjusted for BMI and poverty income ratio. We also followed NHANES cohorts to test whether differential age patterns of hypertension prevalence by race or gender represented cohort effects. We found the Black/White odds of hypertension increased from 1.71 to 3.12 between ages 15 and 65. Odds for women increased faster, from 2.11 to 4.04. By age 40, Black women had the highest hypertension rates and steepest age-gradient of race/sex groups. Adjustment for poverty income ratio did not affect results. Adjustment for BMI reduced Black women’s hypertension risk somewhat but not men’s. Cohort analysis confirmed a more rapid increase in hypertension prevalence among Blacks and women. We conclude that hypertension screening of Blacks should begin at young ages. Early diagnosis and vigilant management are critical to addressing racial and sex differences and their effect on cardiovascular disease, life expectancy, and maternal and infant health. Psychosocial stressors merit consideration as candidates for primary prevention. Addressing fundamental causes is needed. Understanding the growing age-gradient increase among US Black women is pressing.

Licensed Access Link

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next