Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Thompson says America must "unchoose" policies that have led to mass incarceration

Axinn says new data on campus rape will "allow students to see for themselves the full extent of this problem"

Frey says white population is growing in Detroit and other large cities


Susan Murphy to speak at U-M kickoff for data science initiative, Oct 6, Rackham

Andrew Goodman-Bacon, former trainee, wins 2015 Nevins Prize for best dissertation in economic history

Deirdre Bloome wins ASA award for work on racial inequality and intergenerational transmission

Bob Willis awarded 2015 Jacob Mincer Award for Lifetime Contributions to the Field of Labor Economics

Next Brown Bag

Monday, Oct 5 at noon, 6050 ISR
Colter Mitchell: Biological consequences of poverty

David Lam photo

Lorenz Curves, Inequality, and Social Welfare under Changing Population Composition

Publication Abstract

Lam, David. 1988. "Lorenz Curves, Inequality, and Social Welfare under Changing Population Composition." Journal of Policy Modeling, 10(1): 141-62.

This paper analyzes the effects of population growth and other demographic changes on the distribution of income by examining Lorenz curves and generalized Lorenz curves produced from combinations of income distributions. The paper shows that when subpopulations have equal means, a number of simple conditions govern the position of the Lorenz curve for the combined population relative to the Lorenz curves for the subpopulations. These conditions become less regular when the subpopulations have different means, and suggest that a combined distribution will almost never Lorenz-dominate an original distribution. Implications of the results for intertemporal comparisons of social welfare and inequality are discussed. The results are illustrated by comparing income distributions across generations in Brazil.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next