Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Bailey and Dynarski's work cited in Bloomberg article on growing U.S. inequality

Frey says current minority college completion rates predict decline in college-educated Americans

Kimball and unnamed coauthor examine male bias in economics

Highlights

ISR addition wins LEED Gold Certification

Call for Proposals: Small Grants for Research Using PSID Data. Due March 2, 2015

PSC Fall 2014 Newsletter now available

Martha Bailey and Nicolas Duquette win Cole Prize for article on War on Poverty

Next Brown Bag

Monday, Feb 2
Monica Grant, Free Primary Education & Age of First Birth in Malawi

The impact of retail cigarette marketing practices on youth smoking uptake

Publication Abstract

Slater, Sandy J., Frank J. Chaloupka, Melanie Wakefield, Lloyd Johnston, and Patrick M. O'Malley. 2007. "The impact of retail cigarette marketing practices on youth smoking uptake." Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 161(5): 440-445.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the differential associations of cigarette retail marketing practices on youth smoking uptake. DESIGN: Analyses from annual, nationally representative, cross-sectional surveys of 8th, 10th, and 12th graders in the United States. SETTING: The February 1999 through June 2003 Monitoring the Future surveys involved 109 308 students and data on retail cigarette marketing collected from 966 communities in which the students reside, as part of the Bridging the Gap Initiative: Research Informing Practice and Policy for Healthy Youth Behavior. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 26 301 students were selected for this study. Main Exposures Point-of-sale advertising, promotions, prices, and placement. Outcome Measure Using a smoking uptake measure to account for stages that identify the process by which adolescents begin smoking, we calculated odds ratios and confidence intervals through generalized ordered logit analyses, with weighted data that controlled for demographic and socioeconomic characteristics and accounted for clustering at the community level. RESULTS: Higher levels of advertising, lower cigarette prices, and greater availability of cigarette promotions were associated with smoking uptake. Advertising increased the likelihood of youth initiating smoking, price increased the likelihood of smoking at most levels of uptake, and availability of promotions increased the likelihood that youth will move from experimentation to regular smoking. CONCLUSIONS: Cigarette retail marketing practices increase the likelihood of smoking uptake. These findings suggest that specific restrictions on retail cigarette marketing may reduce youth smoking.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next