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McLaughlin, T.J., O. Aupont, Kara Zivin, P. Stone, M.G. Mullan, J. Colagiovanni, E. Polishuk, M. Johnstone, and S.E. Locke. 2005. "Improving psychologic adjustment to chronic illness in cardiac patients - The role of depression and anxiety." Journal of General Internal Medicine, 20(12): 1084-1090.
BACKGROUND: Poor mood adjustment to chronic medical illness is often accompanied by decrements in function. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a telephone-based intervention for psychologic distress and functional impairment in cardiac illness. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial. METHODS: We recruited survivors of acute coronary syndromes using the Hospital and Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS) with scores indicative of mood disturbances at 1-month postdischarge. Recruited patients were randomized to experimental or control status. Intervention patients received 6 30-minute telephone counseling sessions to identify and address illness-related fears and concerns. Control patients received usual care. Patients' responses to the HADS and the Workplace Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) were collected at baseline, 2, 3, and 6 months using interactive voice recognition technology. At baseline, the PRIME-MD was used to establish diagnosis of depression. We used mixed effects regression to study changes in outcomes. RESULTS: We enrolled 100 patients. Mean age was 60; 67% of the patients were male. Findings confirmed that the intervention group had a 27% improvement in depression symptoms (P=.05), 27% in anxiety (P=.02), and a 38% improvement in home limitations (P=.04) compared with controls. Symptom improvement tracked those for WSAS measures of home function (P=.04) but not workplace function. CONCLUSIONS: The intervention had a moderate effect on patient's emotional and functional outcomes that were observed during a critical period in patients' lives. Patient convenience, ease of delivery, and the effectiveness of the intervention suggest that the counseling can help patients adjust to chronic illness.
PMCID: PMC1490273. (Pub Med Central)
Country of focus: United States.